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Glossary of Advanced Grammar Vocab for Test 1

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prescriptive grammar
grammar guided by normative principles for the purpose of establishing standards
descriptive grammar
describes the way people speak in everyday situations
dialect
a variety of English
regionalism
language usage that varies from region of the country to another
structuralism
they described language on its own terms, examining language based on form and function; looked at English in a systemic way
transformational grammar
started with Chomsky's Syntactic Structure; tried to describe the internal grammar system
linguistic etiquette
social implications of language usage
phonology
the sound system of a language
morphology
the systematic combination of sounds into meaningful units and words
syntax
the systematic combination of words into meaningful phrase structures and sentence patterns

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