Glossary of Advanced Abnormal Psychology
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- A falsely held belief that cannot be influenced or corrected by reason or contradictory evidence. Delusions are often characterized as nonbizarre or bizarre.
Non-Bizarre - situations that could occur in everyday life
Bizarre - involve fantastic situations that could never occur in reality
- disorganized behavior
- behavior that is not goal directed or guided by rational, preconceived plan, and may appear random, disconnected or odd.
- disorganized speech
- patient's statements are not logically connected to each other and the content of the speech usually makes no sense. Loose associations, derailments, and incoherence are examples of disorganized speech and, presumably, disorganized thought.
- repetition of a recently heard sound or phrase. Often the patient repeats the last words spoken by the interviewer.
- An organized sensory experience that is a product of the patient's mind and does not exist in the outside world. Hallucinations commonly exist in auditory and visual modalities and less commonly as tactile or gustatory experiences. Typically, patients with schizophrenia experience auditory hallucinations consisting of a voice that commands them to perform some act or comments on their thoughts and actions.
- A syndrome that includes one or more of the following symptoms: delusions; hallucinations; disorganized speech, thought or behavior. The thought disorders commonly include deficits in higher intellectual or executive functions such as the capacity to make and carry out detailed plans.
- psychomotor agitation
- An abnormal increase in physical and emotional activity.
- psychomotor retardation
- An abnormal slowing of physical and emotionalresponses that is commonly seen in depression.
- mood-incongruent psychotic features
- Delusions or hallucinations where content is not consistent with typical depressive or manic themes, including thought insertion, thought broadcasting, ideas of reference, and delusions of control, etc.
- Loss of interest or pleasure in everyday activities that the individual usually enjoys.
- Loss or decrease in appetite.
- A condition of diminished responsiveness and continually maintained immobile position.
- A loss of muscle tone with accompanying weakness.
- A psychotic syndrome that is characterized by muscular rigidity, and a lack of response to outside stimuli. Catatonic patients may also have periods of acute agitation.
- Sleeping for significantly longer than the usual length of time.
- Difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep.
- leaden paralysis
- Heavy, leaden feeling in the arms and legs.
- A pervasive and sustained emotion.
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