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Glossary of Adv. Band Test 1

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tempo
the rate of speed at which you play
tempo I
return to the first speed
A tempo
resume the steady speed
allegro
fast
andante
medium slow(walking speed)
vivo
lively, briskly
grandioso
grand, noble
marziale
in march style
Rit.(ritard) / Rall. (rallontando)
gradually slower
accel
gradually faster
crescendo
gradually louder
diminuendo
gradually softer
poco
little
alto
much
dolce
sweetly
fine
finish, stop
sim.(simile)
continue in the same manner
staccato
short spaced, seperated notes
legato
long, smooth connected notes
marcato
short, heavily accented notes
explain the tuning process:
1. warm up
2. listen to reference pitch
3. compare
4. adjust
tuning is...
continuous/ongoing
D# IS...
Eb
A# is...
Bb
C# is...
Db
G# is...
Ab
F# is...
Gb
Bb is...
A#
Gb is...
F#
Eb is...
D#
Db is...
C#
Ab is...
G#
Cb is...
B
Fb is...
E
B# is...
C
E# is...
F
# is?
sharp
b is?
flat
order for flats?
BEADGCF
order for sharps?
FCGDAEB
triplets?
1+la+le
quarter note + eighth note?
1-la+le
eighthnote+eighthrest+eighthnote?
1+(rest{la})+le
4 6
4 8
time signatures
./.
measure repeat
9:
base clef
tr<><><><><><><>
trill
D.C.
Da Capo(to beginning)
D.S.
Da Signa (to the sign)
|
bar line
||
double bar line
||: / :||
repeat
//
grand pause
7
eighth rest
pp
pianissimo/double piano
p
piano(soft)
mp
metsopiano(medium soft)
mf
metsoforte (medium loud)
f
forte (loud)
ff
double forte(fortissimo)
<
crescendo: louder
>
de-crescendo (softer)
fp
fortepiano (hard-----soft)
__b__
#----
_#___
---#---
key signature
C
common time

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