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Glossary of Adult Development and Aging

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AGE EFFECTS
ONE OF THREE EFFECTS IN DEVELOPMENTAL RESEARCH, ALONG WITH COHORT AND TIME-MEASUREMENT EFFECTS, WHICH REFLECTS THE INFLUENCE OF TIME-DEPENDENT PROCESSES ON DEVELOPMENT.
AGEISM
UNTRUE ASSUMPTION THAT CHRONOLOGICAL AGE IS THE MAIN DETERMINANT OF HUMAN CHARACTERISTICS AND THAT ONE IS BETTER THAN ANOTHER.
BIOLOGICAL FORCES
ONE OF FOUR BASIC FORCES OF DEVELOPMENT THAT INCLUDES ALL GENETIC AND HEALTH RELATED FACTORS.
CASE STUDY
AN INTENSIVE INVESTIGATION OF INDIVIDUAL PEOPLE.
COHORT EFFECTS exp. historical
ONE OF THE THREE BASIC INFLUENCES EXAMINED IN DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH, WHICH REFLECTS DIFFERENCES CAUSED BY EXPERIENCES AND CIRCUMSTANCES UNIQUE TO THE HISTORICAL TIME IN WHICH ONE LIVES.
CONFOUNDING
ANY SITUATION IN WHICH ONE CANNOT DETERMINE WHICH OF TWO OR MORE EFFECTS IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE BEHAVIORS BEING OBSERVED.
CONTINUITY-DISCONTINUITY CONTROVERSY
THE DEBATE OVER WHETHER A PARTICULAR DEVELOPMENTAL PHENOMENON REPRESENTS SMOOTH PROGRESSION OVER TIME (CONTINUITY) OR A SERIES OF ABRUPT SHIFTS (DISCONTINUITY).
CORRELATIONAL STUDY
AN INVESTIGATION IN WHICH THE STRENGTH OF ASSOCIATION BETWEEN VARIABLES IS EXAMINED.
CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY
A DEVELOPMENTAL RESEARCH DESIGN IN WHICH PEOPLE OF DIFFERENT AGES AND COHORTS ARE OBSERVED AT ONE TIME OF MEASUREMENT TO OBTAIN INFORMATION ABOUT AGE DIFFERENCES.
DEPENDENT VARIABLE
BEHAVIORS OR OUTCOMES MEASURED IN AN EXPERIMENT.
EXPERIMENT
A STUDY IN WHICH PARTICIPANTS ARE RANDOMLY ASSIGNED TO EXPERIMENTAL AND CONTROL GROUPS AND IN WHICH AN INDEPENDENT VARIABLE IS MANIPULATED TO OBSERVE ITS EFFECTS ON A DEPENDENT VARIABLE SO THAT CAUSE AND EFFECT RELATIONS CAN BE ESTABLISHED.
INDEPENDENT VARIABLE
VARIABLE MANIPULATED IN AN EXPERIMENT.

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