Glossary of Adolescence Chapter 4 Vocab
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- The intelligence quotient. A numerical scale measuring level of intelligence. For example, to compute an IQ score, mental age is divided by chronological age, and multiplied by 100.
- General intelligence/intellectual factor.
- Qualitative differences
- (in cognition) Diference in "kind"of "type of thought shown by a person.
- Process during which a person modifies his or her external world to fit into the already existing cognitive schemas of the person.
- Process during which a person modifies his or her cognitive schemas to conform with new information in the external world.
- Process of reaching a balanced relationship between assimilation and accommodation
- Reproductive assimilation
- When a person initially tries to deal with new information by treating it as something he or she already knows.
- When the person is centered on his or her own cognitive structure/s and unable to differentiate between one's own point of view and the views of others; when there is more concern with the perspective of the subject than with the actual details of the object.
- Cognitive process that occurs when our cognitive schemas are not in an agreement with one another, when there is an imbalance between assimilation and accommodation.
- Formal operational thought
- Fourth stage of Piaget's theory of cognitive development, when a person attaing the ability to see that reality and his or her thoughts about reality are different, and when the person can generate and recognize hypotheses about reality.
- INRC grouping
- Cognitive structure that characterizes formal operations and implies that all solutions to a problem may be obtained through the application of four components: identity, negation, reciprocity, and correlation.
- Identity transformation
- Process of approaching a problem by recognizing the problem by recognizing the problem in terms of its singular attributes.
- Negation operation
- Process of approaching a problem by canceling the existence of the problem.
- Reciprocal transformation
- Process of approaching a problem by considering nd taking its opposite.
- Correlative transformation
- Process of thinking of all aspects of a problem by relating them to other problems.
- Condition reasonging
- Type of deductive reasoning, characterized by "if p, the q" statements.
- Deductive reasoning
- Type of reasoning that begins with a set of statements used to infer if another statement is valid.
- Inductive reasoning
- When reasoning inductively we use our observation and experiences to draw conclusions about the general truth of a particular statement.
- Falsification strategies
- Proving one's ideas by trying to identify information that would disconfirm these ideas.
- In Piaget's theory, a focus n one's own point of view, which involves therefore a lack of balance between assimilation and accommodation.
- Imaginary audience
- When adolescents become preoccupied with self, they come to believe that others are as preoccupied with their appearance and behavior as they are.
- Personal fabole
- Belief that one is a unique, one-of-a-kind individual; the idea that one is a singular person having singular feelings and thoughts.
- Social cognition
- Thinking about interpersonal relationships and the social world.
- Adolescent egocentrism
- Term introduces by Elkind in 1967 to label problems in adolescents' thoughts; the belief that others are preoccupied with them nd that they are unique individuals.
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