Glossary of Adjectives, Verbs, Adverbs, Prepositions,Conjunctions
- linking verb
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- What is an interjection?a word that expresses emotion and has no grammatical relation to other words in the sentence,
- word that expresses emotion and has no grammatical relation to other words in the sentence, e.g., Ouch!
- What is an adverb?
- Word that modifies:
a verb e.g., She ran quickly.
an adjective, e.g., She is rather busy, or another adverb, e.g. She ran very quickly.
- What punctuation is used with an interjection?
- an exclamation point with strong feeling, e.g., Watch out! or a comma with mild feeling, e.g., Oh, I don't know...
- What is the most common linking verb?
- "to be"
- Name 5 correlative conjunctions.
not only ...but also
- What are some forms of the verb "to be"?
- am, is,are, was, were, will be, could have been, should have been, etc.
- Name 8 coordinating conjunctions.
- and, but, or, for, nor, so, yet, ;
- What is an adjective?
- Word that modifies a noun or pronoun.
- Which verbs can be linking verbs but are NOT part of the verb to be?
- look, sound, taste, smell, feel, seem, stay, become, remain, appear, grow etc.
- What are two positions for adjectives?
- 1. in front of the word it modifies, e.g., tall girl
2. after a linking verb but modifying the subject (predicate adjective)e.g., She is pretty.
- What four questions do adverbs answer about the words they modify?
- when, where, how, or how much (to what extent)
how much? thoroughly
- Name 9 compound prepositions.
- in addition, in front of, instead of, prior to, on account of, in spite of, according to, by means of, because of
- What 3 questions do adjectives answer about the words they modify?
- which one
- What is a preposition?
- word that shows the relationship between a noun or pronoun and another word in the sentence e.g., the flower is IN the vase.
- What is a verb?
- A word that expresses action, e.g., The girl kicked the ball, or a state of being, e.g., The doctor is intelligent.
- Name the last 7 prepositions.
- until, unto, up, upon, with, within, without
- What is a transitive verb?
- an action verb that has a direct object (answers the question "what")
- Name 10 prepositions beginning with the letter "a".
- about, above, across, after, against, along, amid, among, around, at
- What is an intransitive verb?
- an action verb that does not have an object ( no answer to "what") e.g., She rested.
- What punctuation should be used between adjectives in a series?
- when the adjectives in a series can be reversed, use a comma e.g., the friendly, happy child
When reversing them would not sound correct, don't use a comma e.g., the main post office (One wouldn't say " the post main office, so no comma between the adjectives.)
- What is a conjunction?
- word that joins words e.g., Jill and Mark, or groups of words, e.g., over the river and through the woods.
- What is a linking verb?
- a verb that makes an equation between the subject and a word in the predicate. e.g., Gina is a teacher--Gina = teacher.
- Name 11 more prepositions?
- concerning, down, during, except, for, from,in, into, like, of, off
- Name 10 more prepositions.
- on, over, past, since, through, throughout, to, toward, under, underneath
- Name 10 prepositions beginning with the letter "b".
- before, behind, below, beneath, beside, besides, between, beyond, but (meaning "except), by
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