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Glossary of Acids and Bases

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Sodium hydroxide and calcium hydroxide are _____.
Bases
_____ is used to make phosphoric, nitric, and hydrochloric acid.
Sulfuric acid
Carrots have a pH of 5.0, so carrots are _____.
acidic
Pure water has a pH of _____.
7
Certain materials can act as indicators because they change _____.
Color
The _____ of an acid or base is determined by how easily it forms ions when in solution.
Strengh
_____ are organic compounds formed by the reaction of an organic acid and an alcohol.
Esters
In _____, H3O+ ions from an acid react with OH- ions from a base to produce water molecules.
a neutralization reaction
_____ form when certain polar compounds ionize as they dissolve in water.
Acidic solutions
_____ involves the amount of acid or base dissolved in a solution.
Concentration
Because ammonia produces few ions, it is a _____.
Weak Base
Most salts are composed of _____.
a metal and a nonmetal
Grease and oil on skin are _____ that do not mix easily with water.
nonpolar hydrocarbons
The hydroxide ions present in all basic solutions are _____.
Negative
When you use an acidic solution of known concentration to find the concentration of a basic solution, you are _____.
titrating
Solutions of equal concentrations of HCl and CH3COOH _______.
will not have the same pH
Sulfuric acid is also known as _____.
battery acid
Most sulfuric acid is used to produce ______
fertilizer
_______ is used to make phosphoric, nitric, and hydrochloric acids.
Sulfuric acid
The most widely used base is _______.
ammonia
KBr is an example of a(n) ______.
Salt
You might use a solution of ______ to titrate an oxalic acid solution.
NaOH
Litmus paper is an example of a(n) _______.
Indicator
A(n) ______ is a substance that produces hydroxide ions in solution.
Base
A(n) ______ is a compound formed when the negative ions from an acid combine with the positive ions from a base.
Salt

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