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Glossary of ART 151

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Fertility Goddess
important in life processes since lifespan was not long
BCE
before common era
CE
common era
Dolmen
prehistoric structure formed by 2 upright stones and capped with a horizontal stone
Ka
egyptian word for soul
Hieroglyphic
images/symbols that represented sounds
Pyramid
3 sided large triangular structure
Polis
Greek city state that were competitive with one another; Athens, Sparta, etc.
Contropposto
depicts human body with weight distributed naturally; weight rests on one leg while other relaxes
Acropolis
section of land looking down on the city with government and religious architecture
Nike
Greek word for victory
Caryatid
greek word for column in the form of a female body
Pantheon
meaning all; a place for all faiths
Coffers
squre inset panels cut out of surface of a dome; used for decoration and for making wall light and thin
Oculus
mening eye; center cutout in dome of the pantheon
Unflattering Realism
looked like the real thing including its faults
Encaustic
mixture of natural, exotic pigments and melted beeswax and water; had to paint quickly because the wax crystalizes color which attracts light

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