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Glossary of AP english 11 (set two)

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Synecdoche
a figure of speach in which a part is used for the whole, the whole for the part, the specific for the general, the general for the specific or the material for the thing made from it.
Connotation vs Denotation
1) the meaning suggested by a word (figurative meaning)
2) the meaning literaly meant by a word
pedantic vs simple
1)narrow viewpoint, often characterized by formal views
2)a wider less complicated view
allusion
an indirect referance, usually from one text to another, or to the bible, or a historical event etc.
ambiguity
purposeful uncertainty towards the interpretation or something
anachronism
creating something in writing that is out of time, or hadnt been invented, or was out of use. Ex. a clock chiming in shakespeare's "Caesar"
aphorism
a statement of truth or opinion founded on a perception
invective
denunciatory or abusive language (Note: adds shock value, influences ethos)
juxtaposition
comparing or connecting two things by placing them side by side
malapropism
ludicrous misuse of a word, especially one that sounds similiar (Ex from dickens: "historical" instead of "hysterical")
pathos/ethos/logos
emotional appeal/
ethical appeal/
logical reasoning
syllogism
a sublte or speicous piece of reasoning
inductive reasoning
going from the details to the general principles
deductive
going from the general principles to the details
ad hominem argument
attacking a persons credibility

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