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Glossary of AP Vocab A

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abstract
(n.) An abbreviated synopsis of a longer work of scholarship or research.
ad hominem
Directed to or appealing to feelings or predjudices instead of to intellect or reason.
ambiguity
A vagueness of meaning; a conscious lack of clarity meant to evoke multiple meanings or interpretations.
anachronism
A persons, scene, event, or other element that fails to correspond with the appropriate time or era. Example: Columbus sailing to the United States
analogy
A comparison that points out similarities between two dissimilar things; a passage that points out several similarities between two unlike things is called an <i>extended analogy</i>.
anecdote
A brief narrative often used to illustrate an idea or make a point.
annotation
A brief explanation, summary, or evaluation of a text or literature.
antagonist
A character or force in a work of literature that, by opposing the protagonist, produces tension or conflict.
antecedent
A word to which a pronoun refers.
antithesis
A rhetorical opposition or contrast of ideas by means of a grammatical arrangement of words, clauses, or sentences, as in the following:
"They promised freedom but provided slavery."
"Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country."
aphorism
A short, pithy statment of a generally accepted truth or sentiment.
adage
A saying or proverb containing a truth based on experience and often couched in metaphorical language. Example: "There is more than one way to skin a cat."
Apollonian
In contrast to <i>Dionysian</i>, it refers to most noble, godlike qualities of human nature and behaviour.
apostrophe
A locution that addresses a person or personified thing not present. Example: "Oh, you cruel streets of Manhattan, how I detest you!"
arch (adj.)
Characterized by clever or sly humor, often saucy, playful, and somewhat irreverent.
archetype
An abstract or ideal conception of a type; a perfectly typical example; an original model or form.
assonance
The repitition of two or more vowel sounds in a group of words in prose or poetry.

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