Glossary of AP US History- Chapter 19 Questions
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- What did Daniel Webster call a miracle that would never happen in his Seventh of March speech?
- Secession, peaceable secession.
- The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo seceded what tract of land?
- Texas, California, and the area in between.
- What was the name of the proposed law that flatly prohibited slavery in any territory acquired from Mexico?
- Wilmot Proviso
- What threatened to disrupt the Whigs & Democrats & split national politics along North-South lines?
- Debate over slavery in the Mexican Cession area.
- Whom did the Democrats nominate for President in 1848 & what issue was ducked in the platform?
- Cass, slavery.
- What was the doctrine called that said the people of a territory should determine the status of slavery and who came up with the idea?
- Popular sovereignty, Cass.
- What did the Democrats charge that Taylor’s reputation rested on in a campaign cartoon of 1848?
- Taylor’s reputation rested on Mexican skulls (he was a war hero).
- Why did the public tend to like the concept of popular sovereignty?
- Because it accorded with the democratic tradition of self-determination.
- Why did politicians like the idea of popular sovereignty?
- Because it seemed a comfortable compromise between the abolitionist and southern demands.
- What was the fatal defect of popular sovereignty?
- It might serve to spread the blight of slavery.
- Two reasons why Henry Clay was not nominated by the Whigs in 1848, and who was nominated instead?
- He made too many speeches and too many enemies, Zachary Taylor.
- Two ways that the Free Soil party went beyond other antislavery groups?
- Although they were for the Wilmot Proviso and against slavery in the territories, they broadened their appeal by urging free government homesteads for settlers.
- Who did the Free Soil Party attract?
- Industrialists, Democrats against Polk, northerners hating the African Americans, and “conscience Whigs” (moral Whigs).
- 4 things in the Free Soil campaign slogan that the party stood for?
- “Free soil, free speech, free labor, free men!” (They wanted slave labor competition out).
- In what state did Van Buren win enough votes to throw the election of 1848 to Taylor?
- The Free-Soilers took the Democratic support from New York.
- What event in 1848 blew the cover off the slavery lid that Taylor & other politicians tried to sit on?
- Discovery of Californian gold.
- Who made the most reliable profits in the California gold strike?
- Those who provided supplies and services to the miners.
- What did California attempt to do in 1849 privately being encouraged by Taylor?
- Draft a constitution that excluded slavery and draft to the Congress for admission.
- What did Emerson say a man announced with some hesitation because it was an admission of failure?
- Going to California.
- What was the southern boundary for Pennsylvania called which denoted division between North & South?
- Mason-Dixon line.
- Texas claimed territory that would eventually be a part of which 5 states?
- Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Kansas, Oklahoma.
- The final terminus of the Underground Railroad was usually…?
- Which conductor rescued more than 300 slaves & what was her nickname?
- Harriet Tubman, Moses.
- By 1850 how many slaves per year were gaining their freedom by running away?
- 1,000 runaways per year.
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