Glossary of AP Psychology 2
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- our awareness of ourselves and our enviroment
- Biological Rhythm
- Periodic psychological fluctuations.
- Circadian Rhythm
- the Biological clock; regular body rhythms that occur on a 24-hour cycle
- REM Sleep
- rapid eye movement during sleep, a recurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly occur. Also know as Paradoxial sleep, because the muscles are relaxed but other body systems are active.
- Alpha Waves
- the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state,
- perodic, natural, reversible loss of consciousness- as distinct from unconsciousness resulting from comma, anesthesia, or hibernation
- false sensory experiences, such as seeing somthing in the absence of an external visual stimulus.
- Delta Wave
- the large, slow brain waves associated with deep sleep
- recurring problems in falling or staying asleep
- a sleep disorder characterised by uncontrollable sleep attacks. The sufferer may lapse directly into REM sleep, often at opportune times.
- Sleep Apnea
- a sleep disorder characterized by temporary cessations of breathing during sleep and consequent momentary reawakenings.
- Night Terrors
- a sleep disorder characterized by high arousal and an appearance of being terrified; unlike nightmares, they occur during stage 4, within 2 to 3 hours of falling asleep, and are seldom remembered.
- a sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through a sleeping person's mind. These are notiable for their hallucinatory imagery, discontinuites, and incongruities, and for the dreamers delusional acceptance of the content and later difficulties rembering it.
- Manifest Content
- according to Freud, the remembered storyline of a dream
- Latent Content
- according to Freud, the underlying meaning of a dream. Freud belived that a dream's _______ functions as a safety valve.
- REM Rebound
- The tenancy for REM sleep to to increase following REM sleep deprivation (created by awakenings during REM sleep)
- a social interaction in which one person suggests to another that certain projections, feelings, thoughts, or behaviors will spontaneously occur.
- Posthyponotic Amnesia
- supossed inability to recall what one experienced during hyponosis; induced by the hypnotist's suggestion
- Posthyponotic Sugestion
- a sugestion made during a hypnosis session, to be carried out after the subject is no longer hypnotized;used by some clinicians to help control undesired symptoms and behaviors
- a split in consciousness which allows some thoughts and behaviors to occur simultaneously with others
- Hidden observer
- Hilgard's term describing a hypotized subject's awareness of experiences, such as pain, that go unreported during hypnosis.
- Psychoactive Drugs
- A chemical found that alters perceptions and mood.
- The diminishing effect with regular use of the same dose of a drug, requiring the user to take longer and larger doses before experienceing the drug's effect.
- the discomfort and distress that follow discontinuing the use of an addictive drug.
- Physical Dependence
- a physiological need for a drug, marked by unplesant withdraw symptoms when the drug is discontinued.
- Psychological Dependence
- a psychological need to use a drug, such as relieve negative emotions
- Drugs (such as alcohol, barbiturates, and opiates) that reduce neural activity and slow body functions
- Drugs (such as cafine, nicotine, and the most powerful amphetamines cocanine) that excite neural activity and speed up body funcitions.
- Psychedelic (mind manifesting) drugs, such as LSD, that distort perceptions and envoke sensory images in the absence of sensory input.
- drugs that depress the activity of the central nervous system, reducing anxiety but imparing memory or judgement.
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