Glossary of AP Psych. - Module 1
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- Did Socrates and Plato believe the mind and body were attached or separated?
- Did Socrates believe knowledge was innate or acquired?
- Who was Plato's student?
- What was the name of Aristotle's school?
- Did Aristotle believe the mind/soul and body were attached or separated?
- Did Aristotle believe knowledge was innate or acquired?
- Who hypothesized that events experienced under strong emotion are better remembered?
- Who was Augustine?
- Wrote about how the condition of the body influences the mind and how the mind influences the body, (too much bile can make you irritable and vice versa)
- How did Descartes think memories were formed?
- Experiences opened pores in the brain, into which animal spirits flowed
- What was one of Francis Bacon's beliefs?
- Human understanding supposes a greater degree of order than one really finds
- What was Wilhelm Wundt's psychological experiment?
- Measured the lag time between people's hearing a ball hit a platform and the time it took them to press a key; (seeking to measure the "toms of the mind")
- What school is Titchner associated with?
- Structuralism, (introspection)
- Who is associated with the school of structuralism?
- What was John Roethke's famous quote?
- "Self-contemplation is a curse that makes an old confusion worse"
- What school is William James associated with?
- Pragmatism, (functionalism)
- What did William James think was the purpose of free will?
- Gives you reason to plan, take initiative, and discipline yourself
- What was the title of Margaret Floy Washburn's book?
- The Animal Mind
- What is the current definition of psychology?
- The science of behavior and mental processes
- Describe neuroscience psychology.
- How the body and brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory experiences; (brain circuits that produce a physical state of being "red in the face")
- Describe evolutionary psychology.
- How the natural selection of traits promotes the perpetuation of one's genes; (analyze how anger facilitates the survival of our ancestors' genes)
- Describe behavior genetics psychology.
- How much our genes and our environment influence our individual differences; (how heredity and experience influence our individual differences in temperment)
- Describe psychodynamic psychology.
- How behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts; (outbursts as an outlet for unconscious hostility)
- Describe behavioral psychology.
- How we learn observable responses, (facial expression and body gestures that accompany anger)
- Describe cognitive psychology.
- How we encode, process, and store information; (interpretation of a situation affects our anger and how our anger affects our thinking)
- Describe socio-cultural psychology.
- How behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures
- What are the 7 current perspectives in psychology?
- What are the 5 different types of psychology careers?
- What are the four steps of effective studying?
- Preview, read, think critically, and review
- What are four extra suggestions for effective studying?
- 1. Distribute study time
2. Listen actively
4. Be a smart test-taker
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