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Glossary of AP Lab Exam 1

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Superior
Toward the Head
Cephalic
Toward the Head
Cranial
Toward the Head
Inferior
Away from the head
Caudal
Away from the head
Anterior
Toward the front of the body
Ventral
Toward the front of the body
Posterior
toward the back of the body
dorsal
entire back of trunk
Medial
toward the midline of the body
Lateral
away from the midline of the body
proximal
close to the attachment of an extremity to the trunk
distal
far from the attachment of an extremity to the trunk
superficial
toward the surface of the body
external
toward the surface of the body
deep
away from the surface of the body
internal
away from the surface of the body
midsagittal plane
vertical plane through midline of the body, equal halfs
sagittal plane
vertical plane, unequal sides
frontal plane
vertical plane, divides front and back
horizontal plane
horizontal plane, superior and inferior portions
median plane
vertical plane through midline of the body, equal halfs
transverse plane
horizontal plane, superior and inferior portions
cross-section plane
horizontal plane, superior and inferior portions
frontal
forehead
ophthalmic
eyes
ocular
eyes
buccal
cheek
cervical
neck
axillary
armpit
pectoral
chest
mammary
breasts
brachial
upperarm
antebrachial
forearm
antecubital
elbowpit
pollex
thumb
abdominal
abdomen
umbilical
navel
pelvic
pelvis
inguinal
groin
hallux
big toe
palmar
palm
occipital
back of head
costal
back, overlying ribs
lumbar
lower back
gluteal
buttocks
perineum
b/w anus and external reproductive organs
popliteal
back of knee
plantar
sole of foot

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