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Glossary of AP Government Vocabs Chapter 6

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The distribution of the population's belief about politics and policy issues.
Public Opinion
The science of human population changes.
Demography
A valuable tool for understanding demographic changes. The Constitution requires that the government conduct an "actual enumeration" of the population every 10 years.
Census
The mixing of cultures, ideas, and peoples that has changed the American nation.
Melting Pot
The emergence of a non-Caucasian majority, as compared with a white, generally Anglo-Saxon majority. It is predicted that by about 2060, Hispanic Americans, African Americans, and Asian Americans together will outnumber white Americans.
Minority Majority
An overall set of values widely shared within a society.
Political Culture
The process of reallocating seats in the House of Representatives every 10 years on the basis of the results of the census.
Repportionment
According to Richard Dawson, "the process through which an individual acquires his [or hers] particular political orientations - his [or her] knowledge, feelings, and evaluations regarding his [or her] political world."
Political Socialization
A relatively small proportion of people who are chosen in a survey so as to be representative of the whole.
Sample
The key technique employed by sophisticated survey researchers, which operates on the principle that everyone should have an equal probability of being selected for the sample.
Random Sampling
The level of confidence in the findings of a public opinion poll. The more people interviewed, the more confident one can be of the results.
Sampling Error
A technique used by pollsters to place telephone calls randomly to both listed and unlisted numbers when conducting a survey.
Rnadom-Digit Dialing
Public opinion surveys used by major media pollsters to predict electoral winners with speed and precision.
Exit Poll
A coherent set of beliefs about politics, public policy, and public purpose. It helps give meaning to political events, personalities, and policies.
Political Ideology
A political ideology whose advocates prefer a government active in dealing with human needs, support individual rights and liberties, and give higher priority to social needs than to military needs.
Liberalism
Those who advocates conservatism.
Conservatism
A term that refers to the regular pattern by which women are more likely to support Democratic candidates. Women tend to be significantly less conservative than men and are more likely to support spending on social services and to oppose higher levels of
Gender Gap
All the activities used by citizens to influence the selection of political leaders or the policies they pursue.
Political Participation
A form of political participation designed to achieve policy change through dramatic and unconventional tactics.
Protest
A form of political participation that reflects a conscious decision to break a law believed to be immoral and to suffer the consequences.
Civil Disobedience

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