Glossary of AP Government Vocabs Chapter 5
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- Policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or discriminatory treatment by government officials or individuals.
- Civil Rights
- The constitutional amendment adopted after the Civil War that states, "No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty,
- Fourteenth Amendment
- Part of the Fourteenth Amendment emphasizing that the laws must provide equivalent "protection" to all people.
- Equal protection of the laws
- The constitutional amendment ratified after the Civil War that forbade slavery and involuntary servitude.
- Thirteenth Amendment
- The law that made racial discrimination against any group in hotels, motels, and restaurants illegal and forbade many forms of job discrimination.
- Civil Rights Act of 1964
- The legal right to vote, extended to African American by the Fifteenth Amendment, to women by the Nineteenth Amendment, and to people over the age of 18 by the Twenty-Six Amendment.
- The constitutional amendment adopted in 1870 to extend suffrage to African Americans.
- Fifteenth Amendment
- Small taxes, levied on the right to vote, that often fell due at a time of year when poor African-American sharecroppers had the least cash on band. This method was used by most Southern states to exclude African Americans from voting registers.
- Poll Taxes
- One of the means used to discourage African-American voting that permitted political parties in the heavily Democratic South to exclude African Americans from primary elections, thus depriving them of a voice in the real contests.
- White Primary
- The constitutional amendment passed in 1964 that declared poll taxes void in federal elections.
- Twenty-Fourth Amendment
- A law designed to help end formal and informal barriers to African-American suffrage. Under the law, hundreds of thousands of African Americans were registered and the number of African-American elected officials increased dramatically.
- Voting Rights Act of 1965
- The constitutional amendment adopted in 1920 that guarantees women the right to vote.
- Nineteenth Amendment
- A constitutional amendment originally introduced in Congress in 1923 and passed by Congress in 1972, stating that "equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex." Despite
- Equal Rights Amendment
- The issue raised when women who hold traditionally female jobs are paid less than men for working at jobs requiring comparable skill.
- Comparable Worth
- A law passed in 1990 that requires employers and public facilities to make "reasonable accommodations" for people with disabilities and prohibits discrimination against these individuals in employment.
- Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
- A policy designed to give special attention to or compensatory treatment of members of some previously disadvantaged group.
- Affirmative Actions
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