Glossary of AP Government Vocabs Chapter 1
Other Decks By This User
- The institutions and processes through which public policies are made for a society.
- Goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must shair.
- Public Goods
- According to Harold Lasswell, "who gets what, when, and how."
- All the activities used by citizens to influence the selection of political leaders or the policies they pursue.
- Political Participation
- Groups that have a narrow interest, tend to dislike compromise, and often draw membership from people new to politics.
- Single-Issue Group
- The process by which policy comes into being and evolves over time. People's interests, problems, and concerns create political issues for government policymakers.
- Policymaking system
- The political channels through which people's concerns become political issues on the policy agenda.
- Linkage Institutions
- The issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and other people actually involved in politics at any given point in time.
- Policy Agenda
- An issue that arises when people disagree about a problem and how to fix it.
- Political Issue
- The branches of government charged with taking action on political issues.
- Policymaking Institutions
- A choice that government makes in response to a political issue.
- Public Policy
- A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing government so that policy represents and responds to the public's preferences.
- A fundamental principle of traditional democratic theory. In a democracy, choosing among alternatives requires that the majority's desire be respected.
- Majority Rule
- A principle of traditional democratic theory that guarantees rights to those who do not belong to majorities and allows that they might join majorities through persuasion and reasoned argument.
- Minority Rights
- A basic principle of traditional democratic theory that describes the relationship between the few leaders and the many followers.
- A theory of government and politics emphasizing that politics is mainly a competition among groups, each one pressing for its own preferred policies.
- Pluralist Theory
- A theory of government and politics contending that societies are divided along class lines and that an upperclass elite will rule, regardless of the formal niceties of governmental organization.
- Elite and Class Theory
- A theory of government and politics contending that groups are so strong that government is weakened.
- A condition that occurs when no coalition is strong enough to form a majority and establish policy. The result is that nothing may get done.
- Policy Gridlock
- The sum total of the value of all the goods and services produced in a nation.
- Gross Domestic Product
- The belief that individuals should be left on their own by the government.
You must Login or Register to add cards