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Glossary of AP Government Test 1

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What is "the collective of individuals and institutions, the formal vehicles through which policies are made and affairs of state are conducted"?
government
Who was the author or Leviathon who supported a monarchy or other similar form of government in order to restrain man's bestial tendencies?
Thomas Hobbes
Who would favor a big government that plays an active role in the economy and takes an activist role in protecting women's rights, the elderly, minorities, etc?
a) conservative
b) liberal
c) libertarian
b) liberal
An American ideal of a happy and successful life which often includes wealth, house, a better life for one's children, etc is:
the American Dream
Commonly shared attitudes, beliefs, and core values about how government shoudl operate is:
a) popular sovereignty
b) civil society
c) political culture
d) popular consent
c) political culture
What are the qualifications that make up a nation-state? (5)
HINT:
1-d. ____ w/ _____ _____
2-p, i, (____ & ____)
3-e. _____ (no __ ___)
4-f,c,t,c,n
5-exhibits ________:....
-defined territory w/ recognized boundaries
-permanent identifiable population (citizens and alien residence)
-exercises sovereignty, i.e, the authority to govern w/ no higher authority
-family, clans, tribes, city-states, nation-state
-exhibits nationalism: devotion ot nation's interest, heritage, welfare, traditions
What is the difference between power and authority?
power: ability to control and rule
authority: legal right to control and rule
What French....philosopher person or whatever....said that sovereignty originated with the people?
Jean Jacques Rousseau
What are the 3 questions to ask in classifying governments?
1-how many people rule?
2-How is sovereignty distributed?
3-What is the role of the government in the economy?
Private ownership of property and all economic decisions are non-governmental:
capitalism
Shater power between a central authority and subdivisions is:
a federal system
Fill in the blank
How many people rule?
None=_____
One=______
few=________
many=______
-anarchy
-monarchy, dictatorship (authoritarian or totalitarian)
-aristocracy, theocracy, oligarchy
-pure democracy, representative democracy/republic
Which theory: the people have a natural right to rule themselves and form government to protect their natural rights
Social Contract Theory
Which theory:
imposed w/o people's consent
Force theory
Which theory: slow development from necessity, but does not explain modern nation-states
Evolutionary theory

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