Glossary of AP Government Test 1
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- What is "the collective of individuals and institutions, the formal vehicles through which policies are made and affairs of state are conducted"?
- Who was the author or Leviathon who supported a monarchy or other similar form of government in order to restrain man's bestial tendencies?
- Thomas Hobbes
- Who would favor a big government that plays an active role in the economy and takes an activist role in protecting women's rights, the elderly, minorities, etc?
- b) liberal
- An American ideal of a happy and successful life which often includes wealth, house, a better life for one's children, etc is:
- the American Dream
- Commonly shared attitudes, beliefs, and core values about how government shoudl operate is:
a) popular sovereignty
b) civil society
c) political culture
d) popular consent
- c) political culture
- What are the qualifications that make up a nation-state? (5)
1-d. ____ w/ _____ _____
2-p, i, (____ & ____)
3-e. _____ (no __ ___)
- -defined territory w/ recognized boundaries
-permanent identifiable population (citizens and alien residence)
-exercises sovereignty, i.e, the authority to govern w/ no higher authority
-family, clans, tribes, city-states, nation-state
-exhibits nationalism: devotion ot nation's interest, heritage, welfare, traditions
- What is the difference between power and authority?
- power: ability to control and rule
authority: legal right to control and rule
- What French....philosopher person or whatever....said that sovereignty originated with the people?
- Jean Jacques Rousseau
- What are the 3 questions to ask in classifying governments?
- 1-how many people rule?
2-How is sovereignty distributed?
3-What is the role of the government in the economy?
- Private ownership of property and all economic decisions are non-governmental:
- Shater power between a central authority and subdivisions is:
- a federal system
- Fill in the blank
How many people rule?
-monarchy, dictatorship (authoritarian or totalitarian)
-aristocracy, theocracy, oligarchy
-pure democracy, representative democracy/republic
- Which theory: the people have a natural right to rule themselves and form government to protect their natural rights
- Social Contract Theory
- Which theory:
imposed w/o people's consent
- Force theory
- Which theory: slow development from necessity, but does not explain modern nation-states
- Evolutionary theory
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