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Glossary of AP European History 2

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Republic of Florence
Considered the cultural center of the Italian Renaissance
Medici Family
Most famous family of merchants and bankers who used their wealth to govern the city-states and to patronize artists
Virtu
The quality of being a man
Individualism
Encouraged living up to one's greatest potentials and excelling in all things- Renaissance men should be well rounded in scholastics, arts and defense
Leonardo da Vinci
Perosnified the "Renaissance man" as a painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, writer, and scientist
Michelangelo Buonarroti
A superb paintor and sculptor who glorified God by depicting the beauty of His earthly creations
Machiavelli
Workeing as a writer and political scientist, Machiavelli observed and critisized the government
Desiderius Erasmus
Personified Christian humanism by advocating gradual reform from within the church (i.e. translating the Bible into the vernacular)
William Shakespeare
Greatly influenced the English language by writing in the vernacular
Hundred Years' War
1337-1453
French vs. English
French victory

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