Glossary of AP English terms Dr. Smith
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- group of words containing a subject and a verb
- independent clause
- can be a sentence on its own
- dependent clause
- cannot be a sentence on its own and needs to connect with subordinating conjucing to ID
- word order (sentence structure fits under this)
- opposite of the intended effect
- verbal irony
- sarcasm-meaning opposite of what is said
- situational irony
- Americans knock down trees, build a megamall, and put up little scraggly trees
- dramatic irony
- when the reader or watcher knows something the character or actor doesn't
- how to defend, attack, and quality
- style analyssis
- how has the author used language in order to ahcieve meaning
- modes of discourse (list and define)
- description-appeals to 1 or more sense
expositiory-factual; explains uemotionally
persuasion-tries to change reader's mind to writer's pint of view
- mirror image; pattern where first part balances against 2nd part but reversed; abba
"ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country"
- a series or group of wrds that normally would be ocnnected by a suboordinating conjunction but is not "we came, we saw, we conquered"
- separating each word or grou pof words that normally would be separated by commas and only one suboordinating conjunction with a suboordination conjunction
"red and white and blue"
- polite term; sugar coated word for something else to avoid being crude, disrespectful, or to mislead
- errors in reasoning
- ad hominem
attack on man not issue
- hasty generalization
sample size too small in inductive reasoning
- non sequitor
does not follow logically
- red herring
create a distraction-get audience off course
create a false issue as a distraction
- suboordinating conjunctions
- after, although, as, as if, as long as, asmuchas, as soon as, as though, b/c, before, even if, even though, how if, inasmuch
- witty profound statement
- simple sentence
- "love is blind"
- loose/cumulative sentence
- Love is blind, htough some can see it, be afraid of it, or simply cry.
- Though I have never really experienced it or have "seen" it, love is blind.
- interruptive sentence
- Love, though I have never really experience it or have "seen" it, is blind.
- list sentence functions and give examples
- declaritive "I threw the ball."
interogative "Who threw the ball?"
Imperative "throw the ball"
Exclamatory "Ouch. The ball hit me."
- something that appears to be true but isn't
- background given after exordium in the greek formula for oration
- confirmation of propositio; body with specifics
- anticipation and refutation of opponents arguments
- revisiting of strong points with sense of conclusion
- attention getting device
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