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Glossary of AP English Literary Terms 2

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anecdote
a very short tale told by a character in a literary work
metaphor
a figure of speech wherein a comparison is made between two unlike quantities without the use of the words "like" or "as"
simile
a figure of speech which takes the form of a comparison between two unlike quantities for which a basis for comparison can be found, and which uses the words "like" or "as" in the comparison
hyperbole
a figure of speech in which an overstatement or exaggeration occurs
personification
a figure of speech in which an overstatement or exaggeration occurs
imagery
a word or group of words in a literary work which appeal to one or more of the senses: sight, taste, touch, hearing, and smell
point of view
a piece of literature contains a speaker who is speaking either in the first person, telling things from his or her own perspective, or in the third person, telling things from the perspective of an onlooker. if the speaker knows everything including the actions, motives, and thoughts of all the characters, the speaker is referred to as omniscient (all-knowing). if the speaker is unable to know what is in any character's mind but his or her own, this is called limited omniscience
diction
the articulation of speech regarded from the point of view of its intelligibility to the audience
syntax
the study of the rules, or "patterned relations", that govern the way the words in a sentence are arranged.It concerns how different words (nouns, adjectives, verbs, etc.) are combined into clauses, which, in turn, are combined into sentences
choice of detail
personal writing engages the reader by including details and images that help the reader experience the situation
tone
expresses the author's attitude toward his or her subject
structure
the manner of construction of something and the arrangement of its parts
rhetorical questions
a question asked not to elicit an actual response but to make an impact or call attention to something
comparison
examining resemblances or differences; relation based on similarities and differences
contrast
the opposition or dissimilarity of things that are compared; the act of distinguishing by comparing differences
narration
the process through which the plot conveys or withholds story information
definition
gives the essential semantic features of a concept as well as those that distinguish the concept from all others
illustration
showing by example
example
a representative form or pattern

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