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Glossary of AP English Language Glossary

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ad hominem
Directed to or appealing to feelings or prejudices
adage
A often metaphorical proverb containing truth based on experience
allegory
A story with a second meaning beneath the surface
alliteration
The repetition of one or more initial consonants
allusion
A reference to a person, place, or event to enhance the meaning of an idea
antecedent
A word to which a pronoun refers
aphorism
A short, pithy statement of a generally accepted truth or sentiment
apollonian
the most noble, godlike qualitites of human nature and behavior (ant. Dionysian)
apostrophe
a locution that addresses a person or personified thing not present
arch
(adj.)Characterized by clever or sly humor
assonance
the repetition of two or more vowel sounds in a group of words in prose/poetry
bathos
insincere or overdone sentimentality
circumlocution
Literally, "talking around" a subject
conceit
A witty or ingenious thought
didactic
in a dry manner, conveying information or teaching a lesson
Dionysian
sensual, pleasure-seeking impulses (ant. Apollonian)
epigram
A concise but ingenious, witty, and thoughtful statement
malapropism
a word of innappropriate meaning that sounds similar to the correct word
metonymy
one thing to represent something else with which it is associated
motif
A phrase, idea, or event that through repetition serves to convey a theme
onomatopoeia
The use of words whose sounds suggest their meaning
pedantic
Narrowly academic instead of broad and humane
synecdoche
a part signifies the whole
Verisimilitude
similar to the truth
whimsy
An object, device, or creation that is fanciful or rooted in unreality

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