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Glossary of AP EUROPEAN HISTORY EXAM REVIEW

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CCOLUMBUS BRINGS TO THE NEW WORLD
-diseases, slave trade, sparks curiosity in adventuring
WHAT DO THE ITALIANS GAIN FROM THE NEW WORLD
NOTHING
CONQUERS THE MOST LAND IN THE NEW WORLD
PORTUGAL
TREATY OF TORDISILLAS
-DRAWS A LINE FOR LAND FOR PORTUGAL AND SPAIN IN THE NEW WORLD; EUROPE IGNORES IT BECAUSE THEY ARE NOT A PART OF THE TREATY
CAPITAL
MONEY, TOOLS, THINGS USED FOR INVESTMENT
MASS PRODUCTION
PRACTICE ARISING IN THE 1500'S DUE TO A NEED FOR CLOTHING THE ARMIES
USURY
CHARGING $ FOR LENDING MONEY; FROWNED UPON IN THE 1500'S BUT ALLOWED WITH FAIR INTEREST
BOURGEOSIE
MIDDLE CLASS FRENCHMEN; BETWEEN LABORING POOR AND NOBLES, IN CONTROL OF FRENCH CAPITAL
PHILLIP II'S LAND
BURGUNDY, 17 STATES OF THE NETHERLANDS, SPAIN, AND PORTUGAL (Iberian Peninsula is more important)
WHO REVOLTS UNDER PHILLIP II?
-THE NETHERLANDS B/C OF THE INQUISITION
SPANISH GOLDEN AGE
(1550-1650)-time of great literature and art in Spain with Cervantes, El Greco, and Murillo
Spanish Armada
-Spanish naval fleet defeated when they invade Britain; establishes British navy as supreme
poltitiques
-believe in the separation of church and state, rulers should seek civil order
Hugeuenots
-French Calvinists; Protestants, not usually nobles, do not organize conflict
Edict of Nantes
-made by Henry IV, grants Protestants civil rights, but their religious rights are still limited
30 Year's War
-begins in Bohemia, ends in SPAIN
Peace of Westphalia
-people can choose their religion; Catholic claims on land are abandoned

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