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Glossary of AP Chemistry Organic chem

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Alkances
single bonds
alkenes
double bonds
alkynes
triple bonds
Alcohols
-OH, anol
Halides
F, Cl, Br, I
Organic acids(carboxylic acids)
-COOH
O
||
-C-OH
Benzene
C6H6 alternating double and single bonds
C
C C
C C
C
Amines
-NH2
Aldehydes
-C=O
|
H
Ketones
O
||
-C-
Ethers
-O-
Organic rxn: Addition
C=C broken to single bond
triple bonded carbons broken to double bonds
Organic rxn: substitution
H replaced by one of the functional groups
Organic rxn: Polymerization
condensation- 2 monomers combine to produce water
Organic rxn: cracking
large compound -> smaller compound
Organic rxn: combustion
Organic compound + O2 -> CO2 + H2O
Organic rxn: Esterification
Organic acid + alcohol -> ester + H2O
Organic rxn: fermentation
Organic compound -> alcohol + CO2

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