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Glossary of ANATOMY 101 ALL TEST QUESTIONS

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Blood flows thru the R side of the heart using these 4 structures. Number them in order from 1-4. Which would be the 4th the blood would pass thru? a) Tricuspid b) R ventricle c)pulmonary d) R atrium
c) pulmonary valve
the blood inside these vessels has the lowest oxygen content: a) pulmonary arteries b) pulmonary veins c)femoral arteries d) coronary arteries
a) pulmonary arteries
in the cardiac conduction system elctrical signals to begin contraction of myocardiocytes originates in: a) Purkinje fibres b) Atrioventricular bundle c) Sinoatrial node d) Atrioventricular node
c) Sinoatrial node
Blood enters the L Common Carotid Artery from: a) Aortic arch b) Descending arch c) Ascending Aorta d) Brachiocephalic artery
a) Aortic Arch
Shirley has a blood pressure reading of 165/92. Her diastolic pressure is: a)73 mmHg b) 92 mmHg c) 165 mmHg d) 257 mmHg
b) 92 mmHg
Philip has influenza and is feeling quite ill. He has a fever. What effect will this have on his heart rate? a) increase and decrease irregularly b) speed up c) remain at normal rate d) slow down
b) speed up
Blood flows from the Heart to the R Axillary region in these arteries in correct order: 1.R Subclavian artery 2.Thoracic Descending Aorta 3. Brachiocephalic artery 4. Brachial artery 5. Aortic arch a)5, 3, then 1 b)5 then 1 c)2,3,1 then 5 d) 5,2,3,then 4
a) 5, 3 then 1
In this phase of the Cardiac cycle the ventricular pressure remains at its lowest: a)ejection b) isovolumetric contraction c)filling d)isovolumetric relaxation
c)filling
The closing of the Atrioventricular valves: a)causes the first heart sound 'Lub' b)is a silent event c)causes the second heart sound 'Dup' d)lowers blood pressure
a) causes the first heart sound 'Lub'
During the two Isovolumetric phases of the cardiac cycle: a) the Atrioventicular valves are open b) the Similunar valves are open c) all the valves are open d) all the valves are closed
d) all the valves are closed
In diagram 1, the Heart 'A' is: a) Superior Vena Cava b) Inferior Vena Cava c) arch of the Aorta d) R Pulmonary Artery
c) Arch of the Aorta
In diagram 1, the Heart, 'B' is: a) R Ventricle b) L Ventricle c) R Auricle d) L Auricle
a) R Auricle
In diagram 1, the Pericardial Sac, 'C' is: a)the Serous/Parietal Pericardium b) the Fibrous Pericardium c) the Visceral Pericardium/Epicardium d) the Pericardial Space
b) the Fibrous Pericardium
In diagram 2 'A' is: A) the Tricuspid Atrioventricular Valve b)the Pulmnary semilunar valve c) the Bicuspid Atrioventricular valve d) the Aortic semilunar valve
b) pulmonary semilunar valve
In diagram 2 'B' is: a) the Interventricular septum b) Papillary muscle c) Fossa Ovalis d) some of the Chordae Tendinae
d) some of the Chordae Tendinae
In diagram 3 'A' is: a) the Anterior Communicating artery b) the L Internal Carotid artery c) the Posterior Communicating artery d) the L Vertebral artery
c) the Posterior Communicating artery
In diagram 3 'B' is the: a) Basilar artery b)middle cerebral artery c)posterior cerebral artery d)anterior cerebral artery
d) anterior cerebral artery
In diagram 4 'A' is the: a)Thoracic descending Aorta b)Ascending Aorta c)L Coronary artery d)Aortic arch
c) L Coronary artery
In diagram 4 'B' is the: a) Brachiocephalic artery b) L subclavian artery c) L common carotid artery d) R common Iliac artery
b) L subclavian artery
In diagram 4 'C' is the: a) celiac trunk b) superior mesenteric artery c) L renal artery d) inferior mesenteric artery
b) superior mesenteric artery
The innermost layer of arteries and veins is the: a)tunica intima b)tunica externa c)vessel lumen d) tunica media
a)tunica intima
Just before it enters the Axillary Artery, blood passes thru the: a) Brachiocephalic artery b) Common Carotid artery c) Subclavian artery d) Brachial artery
c) Subclavian artery
The pulse in the wrist area is felt in the: a)Ulnar artery b)Radial artery c)Radial vein d)Brachial artery
b)Radial artery
Blood pressure is commonly taken in the arm region. The cuff is placed around the Biceps Brachii muscle and inflated to compress this blood vessel: a)Brachial artery b)Brachial Vein c)Axillary artery d) Femoral artery
a)Brachial artery
Blood which contains the CSF from the Dural Sinuses of the brain is first drained into: a)External Jugular vein b) Internal Carotid artery c) Internal Jugular vein d) External Carotic Artery
c) Internal Jugular vein
The Superior Mesenteric vein drains blood directly into: a)Hepatic Portal vein b) Hepatic vein c) Inferior Vena Cava d) Inferior Mesenteric Vein
a)Hepatic Portal vein
Which of these does not receive blood from the Arterial Circle of Willis? a)Posterior Cerebral artery b) Anterior Cerebral artery c) Basilar artery d) Middle Cerebral artery
c) Basilar artery
In the fetal circulation the Umbilical arteries branch from: a) External Iliac arteries b) Common Iliac arteries c) Abdominal Aorta d) Internal Iliac arteries
d) Internal Iliac arteries
Before birth this temporary vessel is used to allow blood to flow from the Pulmonary arteries directly into the Aorta a)Ductus Venosus b)Ductus Arteriosus c) Umbilical vein d) Foramen Ovalis
b)Ductus Arteriosus
Which of these limb veins is not superficial? a)Cephalic b) Popliteal c) Great Saphenous d) Small Saphenous
b) Popliteal
Lymph fluid drains by the R Lymphatic and Thoracic Ducts back into the blood in the: a) Brachiocephalic veins b) Superior Vena Cava c) Subclavian veins d) Axillary veins
c) Subclavian veins
The lymph fluid from the lower right side of the body is collected into this vessel: a) Thoracic duct b) Coronary sinus c)R Lymphatic duct d)Ductus Venosus
a) Thoracic duct
Mrs Lee's doctor ordered a Hematocrit test done on her. The result fives her a Hematocrit of 27 which points to which of these conclusions? a)she has the normal amount of RBC and plasma in her blood b) she has some type of anemia which is causing a drop
b) she has some type of anemia which is causing a drop in her RBC count
The pH range of the blood of a healthy person is: a)9.35-9.45 b)7.35-7.45 c)6.55=6.65 d)3.45-3.55
b)7.35-7.45
Which of these formed elements are not true cells but fragments of larger cells? a)thrombocytes b)monocytes c)neutrophils d) erythrocytes
a)thrombocytes
Raj has Strep throat, a bacterial infection. His doctor orders a WBC count and Differential blood test. The results report an elevated WBC count and an increase in his body's main antibacterial phagocytes. These are the: a)Lymphocytes b) Eosinophils c) N
c) Neutrophils
Hemostasis prevents blood loss. There are three mechanisms which produce this effect. The last of these is coagulation. Which of these is the first of the stages in coagulation? a) the enzymic conversion of fibrinogen to fibrin b) vasoconstriction (vasos
c)the production of prothrombin activator called thromboplastin
The body's Immunce System responds to substances found on all its own cells and on foreign material such as viruses and transfused blood. These are called: a)antibodies b) gammaglobulins c) clotting factors d) antigens
d) antigens
Which of these ABO Rhesus blood types has A Agglutinins (Antibodies) but no Rhesus (D) Agglutinogens (Antigens)? a) A Negative b) B Negative c) B Positive d) A Positive
b) B Negative
Kyle is seriously injured in a road accident. In the Emergency Dept the doctors caring for him conclude that he has lost a lot of blood and needs an immediate blood transfusion. There is no time for his blood to be typed and Cross & Matched. The bloo
b) O negative
The uterus of a woman who is not pregnant is located ised this cavity: a) abdominal b) pelvic c) pleural d)mediastinal
b) pelvic
The lungs are mostly ______ to the heart. a) lateral b)medial c) superior d)anterior
a) lateral
This feature is NOT part of the large intestine: a)cecum b)ileum c)rectum d)sigmoid colon
b) ileum
Which of these statements about serous membranes is correct? a)the parietal pleura is the lining of the abdominal cavity b) the serous membranes are found in body cavities open to the outside c) the visceral pericardium is attached to the outisde of the
c) the visceral pericardium is attached to the outisde of the heart
The anal canal is located in this body region: a)inguinal b) hypogastric c)pelvic d)perineal
d)perineal
The elbow is _____ to the shoulder.a)distal b)proximal c)anterior d) lateral
a)distal
Mr Singh ahs a surgical incision scar located in his right inguinal region. Which of these structures was most likely removed in the surgery? a)vermiform appendix b) rectum c) duodenum d)gall bladder
a)vermiform appendix
Swollen lymph nodes in the armpit region may indicate an infection in the upper limb These are the: a)inguinal nodes b)cervical nodes c)axillary nodes d)femoral nodes
c)axillary nodes
In which abdominal quadrant is the spleen located? A) LUQ b)RLQ c)LLQ d)RUQ
a)LUQ
In which abdominal region is the rectum located? a) L inguinal b) bypogastric c)epigastric d) umbilical
b) hypogastric
In diagram 1: a) the cavities shown are all part of the dorsal or posterior cavity b) the cavities shown are all open to the outside world c)the inferior cavity is the thoracic cavity d) the cavities shown are all closed to the ouside world
d) the cavities shown are all closed to the ouside world
In diagram 1 'A' points to the: a) L Pleural cavity b) Mediastinum c)R pleural cavity d) cranial cavity
b) Mediastinum
In diagram 1 'B' points to the: a)spinal cavity b)diaphragm c)abdominal cavity d) pelvic cavity
b)diaphragm
In diagram 2 'A' points to the: a)liver b)spleen c)stomach d)rectum
d) rectum
In diagram 2 'B' points to the: a)trachea b) heart c) L lung d) transverse colon
d) transverse colon
In diagram 2 'C' points to an organ which is part of this system: a)respiratory b) circulatory c)digestive d)urinary
d)urinary
Diagram 3 shows this type of membrane: a)mucous b)peritoneum serous c) pericardial serous d) pleural serous
b)peritoneum serous
In diagram 3 'A' points to: a) the Greater Omentum b) the Lesser Omentum c) a retroperitoneal structure d) a Mesentery
b) the Lesser Omentum
In diagram 4 the cell feature 'A' is: a)cell membrane b)rough endoplasmic reticulum c)nucleus d)cytoplasm
a)cell membrane
In diagram 4 the cell feature 'B' is a)free ribosomes b) a lysosome c) a mitochondrion d) golgi bodies
c) mitochondrion
The fluid gel part of cells is called the: a)cytoplasm b)nucleus c)lysosome d)endoplasmic reticulum
a) cytoplasm
The genes (genome) are found in the nuclei of our dells. They are made from this molecule: a)glucose b)hemoglobin c)RNA d) DNA
d)DNA
This protein is found in our hair, nails and the superficial layers of our skin: a)collagen b)elastin c)keratin d)cholesterol
c)keratin
Enzymes: a)are important structural proteins in our bones and skin b)are proteins used to carry out chemical reactions in our cells c) are proteins used to transport oxygen and iron in our bodies d) are protein hormones such as insulin
b)are proteins used to carry out chemical reactions in our cells
The bilayer cell membrane is composed of phospholipid molecules and proteins. These proteins: a)are produced from fatty acid molecules b) have hydrophobi & hydrophilic ends to the molecules c) form channes for transport & receptors for hormones d
c) form channes for transport & receptors for hormones
In the body's cells these organelles store energy in molecules of ATP to power cell functions: a)mitochondria b)ribosomes c)Golgi bodies d)lysosomes
a)mitochondria
In living cells these organelles use mRNA strands as blueprints to produce proteins from amino acids: a)golgi bodies b)mitochondria c) lysosomes d) ribosomes
d)ribosomes
One of the functions of the nucleus is to: a)control or regulate all the operations within the cell. b)package protein molecules for exocytosis c) keep protein molecules in the cell out of the cytoplasm d)control movement of material thru the cell membra
a)control or regulate all the operations within the cell.
Which of these modes of transport moves solute molecules from a fluid with a high concentration of solute to low? a)active transport b) filtration c) facilitated diffusion d) osmosis
c) facilitated diffusion
An IV solution of 1% glucose is given to a patient. As a result of this the person's red blood cells will: a)swell and may burst (hemolyse) b) begin to divide c) continue to function normally d) shrink and crenate
a)swell and may burst (hemolyse)
This primary type of tissue usually has a small number of various cell types held in an extracellular matrix of ground substance and fibres such as collagen and elastin: a)connective b) epithelial c) muscle d) nervous
a)connective
The hypodermis under the skin is composed (made) of: a)irregular dense connective tissue b)stratified squamous epithelium tissue c) loose areolar and adipose connective tissue d)simple squamous epithelium tissue
c)loose areolar and adipose connective tissue
This tissue is unstiated and is controlled involuntarily : a)cardiac muscle b)smooth muscle c) skeletal muscle d) loose areolar
b)smooth muscle
The mucosal lining of the respiratory ract is composed of this type of epithelial tissue: a)simple squamous b) stratified muscle c)simple columnar d) psuedostratified ciliated columnar
d) psuedostratified ciliated columnar
The outermost layer of the skin is composed of dead cells. It is the:a)stratum germinativum b)stratum corneum c)dermis d)melanocyte layer
b) stratum corneum
The function of the arrector pili muscles of the skin is to: a)squeeze the sweat out of the sudoriferous glands b)press the sensory receptors in the the skin c)raise the hair shafts in response to fear or cold d)produce the shivering reaction in response
c)raise the hair shafts in response to fear or cold
Which of these is not an ion? a) Cl- b)Na+ c)NH4= d)CO2
d)CO2
HCO3 is the formula for:a)carbond dioxide b) bicarbonate c)the hydrozide ion d)carbonic acid
b)bicarbonate
In a d5W solution, the solute and solvent are: a)glucose & water b) glucose & alcohol c) NaCl & water d) NaCl & glucose
a) glucose & water
A solution has a pH of 8.5. This means it is: a)pure water (neutral) b)a base, or alkali c)tap water d) an acid
b) a base, or alkali
The skeletal system: a)is used to store iron, iodine and carbohydrates b)maintains posture by contracting invisibly except during sleep c)is used to store calcium, phosphorus and fats d)is composed of fibres of the protein Keratin for strength.
c)is used to store calcium, phosphorus and fats
Which of these is included in the axial skeleton? a) patella b)scapula c)clavicle d) sacrum
d)sacrum
The long bone group includes the: a)patellae b)scapulas c) clavicles d) ribs
c) clavicles
This bone is in the appendicular skeleton: a)os coxa b)hyoid c)sacrum d)sternum
a)os coxa
Which of these is not a facial bone? a)sphenoidal b)maxilla c)mandible d)zygomatic
a)sphenoidal
Compact bone is: a)malignant b) solid c) cartilaginous d) spongy
b)solid
The number of bones in one upper lim, including its girdle is: a)31 b)32 c)30 d)24
b)32
This feature appears on the skull of a newborn baby and disappears by 2 years of age: a) styloid process b)mastoid process c)anterior fontanelle d)2 frontal bones
process c)anterior fontanelle
The projection on the ulna which forms the elbow is the: a)olecranon process b) coracoid process c)acromion process d)spinous process
a)olecranon process
In diagram 1 'A' is the: a)scapula b)clavicle c)humerus d)femur
b)clavicle
In diagram 1 'B' is the: a)sternal body b)manubrium c)xiphoid process d)zygomatic bone
a)sternal body
In diagram 1 'C' is the: a)radius b) tibia c)ulna d) fibula
c) ulna
In diagram 1 'D' are: a)true ribs b) lumbar vertebrae c) false ribs d) carparl bones
c) false ribs
In diagram 1 'E' is the: a)os coxa b) femur c) patella d) tibia
d) tibia
Muscle 'A' in diagram 2 is the: a)pectoralis major b) deltoid c) sternocleidomastoid d)biceps brachii
b)deltoid
Muscle 'B' in diagram 2 is the: rectus abdominis b)sartorius c)triceps brachii d) trapezius
b) sartorius
Muscle group 'C' in diagram 2 is the: a)quadriceps femoris b) adductors c)hamstrings d) external obliques
a) quadriceps femoris
Muscles labelled 'D' in diagram 2 are responsible for this movement: a)extension of the leg b)flexion of wrist & digits c) plantarflexion d)flexion of the leg
c) plantarflexion
Muscle 'E' in diagram 2 is the: a)trapezius b)gastrocnemius c)anterior tibialis d)latissimus dorsi
a)trapezius
The lateral malleoulus is a bony process located on the lateral bone between the knee and tarsal bones. This bone is the: a)femur b)fibula c)tibia d)humerus
b)fibula
Bursae are fluid filled sacs which are found: 1. attached to joints to cushion skin areas overlying them 2. located between the condyles of the 2 bones of each joint 3. surrounding some tendons where they pass over bone or muscle 4. between the irigin an
a) 1&3
In a Haversian system (osteon) of compact bone osteocytes are found inside the: a)lacunae b)periosteum c)lamellae d) canals
a)lacunae
The red bone marrow contains: a)cells which produce most of the blood cells b)adipocytes (adipose cells)which store lipids. c) osteoblasts which produce new boney matrix d)multinucleate straited skeletal muscle cells
a)cells which produce most of the blood cells
the lubricating synovial fluid of synovial joints is synthesized by the: a)synovial membrane b)articular cartilage c)joint capsule d)meniscus cartilage
a)synovial membrane
This is one of the secondary curvatures of the vertebral column: a)sternal b) thoracic c)sacral d)cervical
d)cervical
The spinal nerves in the cervical and thoracic regions exit between adjacent vertebrae using the: a)vertebral(spinal)foramen b)transverse foramen c) intervertebral forament d) foramen magnum
c) intervertebral foramen
Which of these statements about the pelvis is true? a)The male pelvic inlet is larger and more oval-shaped than the female. b) the female pelvis is deeper than the male and the bones are heavier c)the female pubic arch is wider than the male d) the male
c)the female pubic arch is wider than the male
The head of the femur fits into a socket called the: a)glenoid cavity b)acetabulum c) foramen magnum d) greater trochanter
b) acetabulum
We sit on our: a)pubic arch b)ischial tuberosities c)iliac crests d) sacral promontories
b)ischial tuberosites
This is not one of the functions of skeletal muscle: a) it produces most of the force used in breathing. b)it is responsible for maintaining posture when standing or sitting c)it generates a large part of the body heat during daily activities d) it is us
d) it is used in blood vessel constriction, bronchoconstriction and pupil dilation.
The belly of a muscle is covered by a membrane called 'fascia' but also know as: a)perimysium b)periosteum c)endomysium d)epimysium
d)epimysium
The tendon of a muscle which moves during contraction, usually the distal tendon, is the: a)origin b)belly c) insertion d) fascicle
c)insertion
The movement that raises the arms laterally away from the body is: a)adduction b)flexion c)abduction d)rotation
c)abduction
To stand on the toes requires raising the heel in a movement called: a)eversion b)dorsiflexion c)pronation d)plantarflexion
d)plantarflexion
This muscle flexes the neck and tilts the head: a)pectoralis major b) sternocleidomastoid c) latissimus dorsi d) trapezius
b)sternocleidomastoid
Regular, frequent short nerve stimuli are used to keep muscles ready to work. This operation is called: a)atrophy b)muscle tone c)recruitment d)hypertrophy
b)muscle tone
A muscle, or group of muscles, which opposes the movement of another muscle, or group of muscles, is called: a)synergist b)antagonis c)fixator d)prime mover
b)antagonist
This muscle is part of the pelvic diaphragm, supports the pelvic organs and assists in defecation and urination: a)levator ani b)iliopsoas c)internal oblique d) transversus abdominal
a)levator ani
Damage to the hamstring muscle group makes it painful to: a)extend the arm b) flex the knee c) chew food d) flex the arm
b)flex the knee
The nucleus of a neuron is located insdie its: a)axon b)neurilemma c)dendrites d)cell body
d)cell body
In myelinated nerve fibres, nerve impulses travel more rapidly becasue they jump over the myelinated zones and generate electrical impulses at the: a)synaptic clefts b)nodes of Ranvier c)cell bodies d)dendrite zones
b) nodes of Ranvier
These CNS cells are responsible for controlling the movement of chemicals across the blood-brain barrier: a)oligodendrocytes b)ependymal cells c)astrocytes d)Schwann cells
c)astrocytes
This type of nerve fibre carries sensory impulses inside the tracts of the brain and spinal cord: a)efferent fibres b)afferent fibres c)ascending fibres d)descending fibres
c) ascending fibres
Which of these molecules is not a neurotransmitter? a)epinephrine (adrenalin) b) acetylcholine c)norepinephrine(noradrenaline) d)serotonin
a)epinephrine (adrenalin)
The space which contains CSF and is lacated below the middles meningeal layer is the: a)subarachnoid space b)subdural space c)epidural space d)subpial space
a)subarachnoid space
The grey matter of the cerebral hemispheres is located in its: a)ventricles b)nerve tracts c) medulla d) cortex
d) cortex
This structure is part of the diencephalon: a)cerebellum b)hypothalamus c)mid brain d)precentral gyrus
b)hypothalamus
This part of the brain stem controls heart rate, respiration and blood pressure as well as other reflexes such as coughing and vomiting: a)pons b)thalamus c)corpus callosum d)medulla oblongata
d)medulla oblongata
This part of the cerebrum consciously controls skeletal muscle (somatic motor) action: a)postcentral gyrus b)corpus callosum c)precentral gyrus d)basal nuclei
c)precentral gyrus
In diagram 1 'A' is: a)a dorsal horn b)the spinal white matter c)a ventral horn d)the spinal grey matter
b)the spinal white matter
In diagram 1 'B' contains: a)motor neuron cell bodies b)myelinated nerve fibres c)sensory neuron cell bodies d)association neuron cell bodies
a)motor neuron cell bodies
In diagram 2 'A' is: a) the motor neuron cell body b)a dendrite c)a node of ranvier d) a schwann cell
a)the motor neuron cell body
In diagram 2 the function of 'B' is: a) to produce the myelin sheath b) to control the neuron's activities c) to transmit outgoing impulses d)to receive incoming impulses
a) to produce the myelin sheath
In diagram 3 'A' is: a)the temporal lobe b)the longitudinal fissure c) a cerebral gyrus d)the lateral fissure
b)the longitudinal fissure
In diagram 3 'B' is: a)the corpus callosum b)a lateral ventricle c)the thalamus d)the third ventricle
a)the corpus callosum
In diagram 3 the function of 'C' is: a)to transmit impulses between the left and right cerebral hemispheres b)to control learned skeletal muscle movements such as walking c)to project somatic sensory impulses to the postcentral gyrus d)to control many ho
c)to project somatic sensory impulses to the postcentral gyrus
In diagram 3 'D' is: a)the cerebral cortex b)basal nuclei/ganglia c)the hypothalamic nuclei d) the cerebral medulla
b) basal nuclei/ganglia
In diagram 4 'A' is: a)the lens b)the cornea c)the iris d)the ciliary body
c)the iris
The function of 'B' in diagram 4 is: a)to adjust the focussing of the lens in the reflexes of accomodation b) to continually produce the aqueous fluid from the blood c)refraction, to bend and focus the rays of the incoming light d)to drain the aqueous fl
d)to drain the aqueous fluid from the anterior chamber back to the blood
Control of involuntary muscles and glands is carried out by: a)somatic sensory fibres b)visceral motor fibres c)somatic motor fibres d)visceral sensory fibres
b) visceral motor fibres
Cranial nerve VI is the: a)optic nerve b)occulomotor nerve c) trochlear nerve d)abducens nerve
d)abducens nerve
The CSF circulates around the brain and spinal cord in the subarachnoid space and then is returned to the blood in the dural sinusses using: a) the lateral bentricles b)the choroid plexuses c) the subdural space d) the arachnoid granulations (villi)
d) the arachnoid granulations (villi)
Light passes thru a hole called the pupil and then is refracted thru: a)the Lens b) the cornea c)the iris d) the ciliary body
a)the lens
In the eyeball the middle layer is the: a)choroid layer b)sclera layer c)retina layer d) conjuctiva
a)choroid layer
The function of the ciliary body of the eye is: a)to control the accomodation of the lens b)to produce and secrete the bitreous fluid c)to control the refraction of incoming light d)to produce and secrete the aqueous fluid
d)to produce and secrete the aqueous fluid
This eyeball muscle moves the eyeball downwards: a)superior rectus muscle b)superior oblique muscle c)lateral rectus muscle d)inferior oblique muscle
d)inferior oblique muscle
This feature of the ear is located in the inner ear part: a)the cochlea b)the malleus c)the tympanic membrane d) the stapes
a) the cochlea
Receptors for equilibrium/balance are located in the Vestibular Apparatus. These are part of this structure: a)the semicircular canals b) the Eustachian/Auditory tubes c) the Ossicles d)the External Auditory Canals
a)the semicircular canals
The function of the Tympanic membrane of the ear is to: a)equalize internal and external presures in the middle ear b)transmit sound vibrations thru the middle ear to the inner ear c)transmit sound vibrations from the external ear to the ossicles d) sens
c)transmit sound vibrations from the external ear to the ossicles
Which of these hormones is made from cholesterol? a) aldosterone b)oxytocin c)antidiuretic hormone d) prolactin
a)aldosterone
Trophic (tropic) hormones are used to control the production and release of many other hormones. This statement about trophic hormones is true: a)trophic hormones control the secretion of Adrenalin (Epiniphrine) by the Adrenal Medulla b)the Pituitary gla
d)Estrogen production and secretion by the Ovaries is controlled by FSH
This hormone is secreted by the Posterior Pituitary Gland to increase wter reabsorption by the Kidney: a)GH b)Aldosterone c)ADH d) Oxytocin
c) ADH
The Adrenal Cortex secretes this 'stress' hormone to increase the blood glucose levels and suppress the inflammation and immune respones: a)aldosterone b)anti diuretic hormone c)cortisol d)adrenalin
c)cortisol
Hormones generally signal cells in a variety of target organs to increase or decrease their functions: Which of these examples of hormone action is true? a)FSH signals the cells of the testes to produce and release the androgenic hormone, Testosterone b)
b)Aldosterone makes the kidney cells increase the reabsorption of sodium from urine
The breasts are controlled by the hormones estrogen, progesterone, prolactin and oxytocin. these may be secreted before and or during lactation. which of these statements about these hormones is not true? a)estrogen stimulates breast growth during pubert
c)progesterone prepares the breasts for lactation during pregnancy
A person's serum calcium level drops slightly as a normal result of blood clots forming. which of these statements about the body's response to this is true? a)parathyroid hormone causes oseoclasts to move calcium ions from bone into the blood b)insulin
a)parathyroid hormone causes oseoclasts to move calcium ions from bone into the blood
The high level of this hormone stimulates ovulation at approximately the middle of a woman's menstrual cycle: a)FSH b)LH c)Progesterone d)Oxytocin
b) LH
Because high levels of this hormone inhibit ovulation by negative feedback effect on the pituitary gland it is used in oral contraceptive medications: a) cortisol b)oxtocin c)progesterone d)prolactin
c)progesterone
Erythropoietin:a)is a hormone produced in the lungs and heart which raises the blood pressure b)stimulates bone marrow cells to produce RBC's when the blood oxygen level drops c)is an illegal performance enhancing drug which increases muscle size in athl
b)stimulates bone marrow cells to produce RBC's when the blood oxygen level drops

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