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Glossary of ANALYZING FOLKLORE

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NOT ABOUT GODS, NOR ABOUT THE ORIGINS OF THE WORLD OR NATURE
FOLK TALE
IS A RELIGIOUS STORY FROM THE PAST
MYTH
CHARACTERS ARE USUALLY ANIMALS OR INANIMATE OBJECTS THAT ACT LIKE HUMANS
FABLE
DIFFICULT TO TELL WHERE 'FACT' ENDS AND 'FICTION' BEGINS
LEGEND
HAS A HAPPY ENDING
FOLK TALE
EXPLAINS WHY THINGS GO WRONG OR WHY THERE IS SUFFERING
MYTH
CHARACTERS ARE HUMAN, ANIMAL, OR BOTH
FOLK TALE
STARTS OUT 'ONCE UPON A TIME . . . ' OR IN A SIMILAR FASHION
FOLK TALE
EXPLAINS WHAT HAPPENS AFTER DEATH
MYTH
CHARACTERS ARE REAL HISTORICAL PEOPLE
LEGEND
COULD BE USED TO TEACH MORALS, VALUES, OR APPROPRIATE BEHAVIOR VALUED BY THE PEOPLE WHO TOLD THE STORY
FOLK TALE
CAN BE ASSOCIATED WITH A PARTICULAR TIME AND PLACE IN HISTORY
LEGEND
EXPLAINS HOW THE WORLD OR SOMETHING IN THE WORLD CAME TO EXIST
MYTH
PURPOSE OF THE STORY IS TO TEACH A LESSON
FABLE
CHARACTERS ARE TRULY GOOD OR TRULY EVIL
FOLK TALE
FACTS AND EVENTS HAVE BEEN EXAGGERATED
LEGEND
CHARACTERS ARE GODS, GODDESSES, OR SUPERNATURAL BEINGS
MYTH
STORY IS A FICTION
MYTH (FABLE OR FOLK TALE)
HAS A CLEAR MORAL
FABLE
COULD BE VIEWED AS AN EARLY FORM OF HISTORY, SCIENCE, OR PHILOSOPHY
MYTH
THE SUBJECT IS A SAINT, KING, HERO, FAMOUS PERSON, OR WAR
LEGEND
IS A VERY SHORT FICTION
FABLE
INCLUDES HISTORICAL FACTS
LEGEND
INCLUDES ELEMENTS OF MAGIC AND/OR ENCHANTMENT
FOLK TALE
STORY COULD BE CONSIDERED TRUTHFUL OR SACRED BY THE PEOPLE WHO TOLD IT
MYTH
HUMAN CHARACTERS ARE 'COMMON FOLK' OR REPRESENT A LOWER CLASS OF SOCIETY
FOLK TALE

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