Glossary of AIDS
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- What are the 2 diagnostic criteria of AIDS?
- A. No known cause of immuno- suppression (cancer, steroids, renal failure)
B. Has disease predictive of a defective cellular immune function.
- When can AIDS be diagnosed?
- When a previously healthy patient under 60 yrs meets both criteria A and B.
- What is the Etiologic agent of AIDS?
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus
- What are 2 other names for HIV?
- What is the highest risk group for AIDS? What are 4 others?
- Homosexuals or Bi
IV drug users, Hemophiliacs, Haitians, others.
- What 2 parameters measure Aids?
- -Viral load
- What are the 2 categories of immune system changes in AIDS?
- 1. Cellular
- Name 3 cellular changes that take place in AIDS:
- 1. Delayed hypersensitivity skin test anergy
2. Lymphopenic - low T cells
3. Decreased Th:Tc ratio
- What are the 3 characteristic Humoral indications of aids?
- 1. Normal B cells
2. Increased IgG and IgA
3. Elevated circulating Ig's
- What is the standard HIV screening test?
- ELISA for HIV antibody
- What test confirms a positive HIV Screen?
- Western blot
- what is the purpose of the western blot for AIDS?
- to see if the elisa reactivity corresponds to viral proteins of specific molecular weight.
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