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Glossary of AICP

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The period between 1860 and 1870 in the US saw the beginning of suburbanization, with the creation of small settlements beyond large cities. Which of the following cities exemplifies this early American suburbanization?

a) Radburn, New Jersey
B
Which system may be used for legal description purposes?

a) US Government Survey
b) Metes and Bounds
c) Lot, block, and tract
d) All of the above
D
Fred French Co. v. City of new York introduced for the first time the concept of?

a) Plnned unit development
b) Transfer of development
rights
c) Eminent domain
d) Open space zoning
A
Which of the following would most appropriately be the function of a state government rather than the local or federal governments?

a) Aesthetics regulations
b) Historic properties
designation
c) Redevelopment
d) Scenic r
D
Among the many projects during the early years of the New Deal Era, what was a major regional development program that became known as?

a) The Tenessee Valley
Authority
b) The USHA Program
c) The Greenbelt Towns
d) The P
A
Which "Great Expediter" said, "If the ends don't justify the means, then what the hell does"?

a) Daniel Burnham
b) Mike Waiczis
c) Robert Moses
d) Adolph Hitler
C
Courts have ruled that rezoning does NOT constitute spot zoning if?

a) The rezoning is adopted by
unanimouse vote of the
legislative body.
b) The rezoning is not
appealed.
c) The rezoning is enacted in
acc
C
"Amortization" as it applies to zoning practice refers to?

a) The prohibition of
expanding non-conforming
uses.
b) The determination of the
remaining useful life of a
pre-existing non-
conformin
B
In 1880, George Pullman designed and built the Town of Pullman, a model industrial town in the state of?

a) New York
b) Ohio
c) Illinois
d) Michigan
C
Initiated in 1969, the "A-95" clearinghouse review process was responsible for?

a) Massive eminent domain
suits.
b) The creation of regional
planning agencies.
c) The recession in the
midwest.
d) C
B
"The Baltimore Plan" refers to?

a) Baltimore's 1895 master
plan.
b) Balitmore's 1985 master
plan.
c) The cleaning up of various
cities in the 1950s.
d) Construction of affordable
housing in
C
This 1915 zoning case involved the operation of a brickyard within metropolitan Los Angeles. Name it.

a) Hadachek v. Sebastian
b) Euclid v. Ambler Realty
c) Jones v. Los Angeles
d) Nectow v. Cambridge
A
Of the following techniques for preserving agricultural land, which would be the MOST effective?

a) Transfer of Development
Rights.
b) No growth policy.
c) Building permit
moratorium.
d) Righ to farm ordinance.
B
What is satisficing?

a) A term menaing that an
applicant is satisfied
with the approval of his
project.
b) Accepting policy options
short of maximizing goal
attainament.
c) Accepting policy options
D
Transportation Systems Management (TSM) includes all of the following EXCEPT?

a) Carpooling and vanpooling
incentives.
b) Major new transportation
facilities.
c) Improved transit service.
d) Staggered work schedule
B
A county planner leaves the public sector to become a consultant. How long should she wait before representing a private client in any action before the county she may have influenced before leaving public employment. The planner is a member of AICP.
A
Which of the following statements are NOT true?

I. As activities become more complex, an organization tends to grow downward at a rapid rate.
II. Horizontal growth may occur only at the top level of an organization.
III. Public inf
C
2. You are working at the public counter when an angry citizen begins to yell at you. How do you
handle this situation?

I. Tell him you will meet him in the parking lot in 10 minutes.
II. Insist that the gentleman calm down so yo
D
A principal planner of a large metropolitan area is responsible for facilitating the organization of a
parks and open space advisory committee for the county. Representatives from which of the
following groups should be considered for the c
D
Which of the following cour cases FIRST established the concept of "public welfare"?

a) Village of Euclid v. Ambler Realty Co.
b) Golden v. Planning Board of Ramapo.
c) Southern Burlington County NAACP v. Township of Mou
A
Edward M. Bassett
1863-1948
Father of Zoning.
Helped shape Standard City Enabling Act - 1928
Who was Alfred Bettman?
What were his positions?
What did he influence?
What did he play a key role in?
*Cincinatti Lawyer & 1st President of the American Society of Planning Officials
*Planning Law
*Played key role in Cincinatti Plan - 1925;
Euclid v. Amber (1926)
Who is Daniel Hudson Burnham?
What is he known as?
What is he known for?
What is his quote?
*Father of city planning in US.
*1909 "Plan for Chicago" that gave birth to modern city planning.
*His White City at the Columbian Expo inspired the City Beautiful Movement.
*Make no small plans: they have no magic to stir men's (or women's) blood.
Who was Clarence Stein?
What did he desing?
What did he Chair?
Co-designed Radburn, NJ
NY Commission of HOusing
The primary purpose of the census, as indicated in the US Constitution is to provide the basis for?

a) Fair apportionment among the states of seats in the US House of Representatives.
b) The districbution of federal funds to state and loc
A
The "Zoning Game" was written by?

a) Richard Babcock
b) Jane Jacobs
c) Lewis Mumford
d) Ian McHarg
A
Which of the following would most appropriately be the function of the federal government?

a) Aesthetics regulations
b) Air pollution control
c) Zoning
d) School planning
B
The 1858 design of the Central Park of New York City was prepared by?

a) Fredrick Olmsted Law Sr and Calvert Vaux
b) Tony Dowe and Jerry Mathers
c) Andrew Jackson Downing
d) Theodora Kimball and William C. Bryant
A
When testing statistical hypotheses, results that are unlikely to have occurred by chance are called?

a) Random
b) Significant
c) Normal
d) Critical
B
Which of the following would be primarily a local government function?

a) River basin management.
b) Air pollution abatement.
c) Zoning
d) Critical environmental areas designation.
C
The American "Greenbelt" towns were built in the 1930s by?

a) The City Housing Corporation
b) The Resettlement Administration of the US Dept of Agriculture
c) The Dept of Housing and Urban Development
d) The PWA Housin
B
The difference between the use of police power and eminent domain in environmental and land use regulation is that?

a) Eminent domain requires compensation.
b) Police power requires compensation.
c) Eminent domain is a power of the f
A
The New York Court of Appeals held that a restriction of the rate of growth of a municipality through establishment of rigid performance standards was constitutional in which case?

a) Berman v. Parker
b) Golden v. Planning Board of the To
B
A pattern of population change that exhibits a constant rate of change is the?

a) Rate of population change.
b) Geometric growth rate.
c) Arithmetic growth rate.
d) Linear progression rate.
B
Regional Malls typically consist of between 750,000 and 2 million square feet gross leaseable area (GLA). What size population is required for a mall to be successful?

a) 150,000
b) 200,000
c) 250,000
d) 300,000
C
The senior planner for a small rural community is considering conducting a survey of town residents as to their opinions on the proposed expansion of the town landfill. He is planning on using a questionnaire mailed to all resident taxpayers. The degree
C
St. Louis, Pittsburgh, and Louisville were all?

a) Founded on rivers.
b) Ceded to the US by Spain
c) Industrial cities.
A
In local government, line positions are those that?

a) Stand in line for their paychecks.
b) Order general supplies.
c) Provide service to the public.
d) Arrest criminals and put out fires.
C
An associate planner argued successfully against any further non-residential development withih the town's water recharge areas. Five years later, as a consultant to a national shopping mall developer, this same person aggresively pursued a re-zoning of
C
A county's planning manager resigned her position to join a consulting firm. Fed up with one of the plannin board's ,e,bers, she ran against him in the next public election for the planning board. She beats him decisively. Does this violate the AICP Code
C
Roadway delays per vehicle between 40 and 60 seconds would define a Level of Service of?

a) LOS A
b) LOS C
c) LOS D
d) LOS E
D
Roadway delays per vehicle between 15 and 25 seconds would have a level of service of?

a) LOS A
b) LOS C
c) LOS D
d) LOS E
B
The planning director of a moderate-size town is developing a town-wide survey on opinions relating to growth and open space preservation. She has decided to conduct the survey by interviewing on a random basis 1% of the town's population. In general, ho
A
In a town of 95,000, which program is likely to be used to address the goal of increasing affordable housing?

a) Capital Improvement Program
b) Inclusionary Housing Program
c0 Impact Fee Program
d) Growth Phasing Program
B
Which map is extremely useful in determining the location of prime farmland?

a) USGS Topographic
b) USGS ortho-photo quad
c) Soil Conservation Service soil survey
d) Project flood maps
C
What are the principle advantages of the NAICS codes over the SIC codes they replaced?

a) Relevancy - NAICS is more relevant to today's economy. The identified over 350 new industries and 9 new service industry sectors.
b) Consistency - N
D
Although the device grants specific rights to the land, title is not. Name it.

a) Fee sale
b) Easement
c) Bargain sale
d) Right of first refusal
B
Of the following growth management techniques, which would likely be overturned in court if employed for an extended period of time (e.g., 4 years)?

a) Building permit caps
b) Subdivision phasing
c) Large lot zoning
d) Building
D
Of the following growht management techniques, which would likely be used to reduce development density?

a) Building permit caps
b) Subdivision phasing
c) Large lot zoning
d) Building permit moratorium
C
Of the following growth management techniques, which would likely be used to protect water supplies while land within the watershed is being acquired for watershed protection?

a) Building permit caps
b) Subdivision phasing
c) Large l
D
Of the following, which is the most appropriate entitlement to waive the frontage requirements for lot located on an isolated hillside?

a) Variance
b) Special permit
c) Cluster Zoning
d) Rezoning
A
Of the following, which is the most appropriate to regulate the development of a new landfill?

a) Variance
b) Special permit
c) Cluster zoning
d) Rezoning
B
Native American tribes referred to as "Non-IRA tribes" are those that?

a) Are not recognized by the Department of the Interior.
b) Are recognized by the Department of the Interior but do not have designated tribal lands.
c)
D
Developments occurring on Native American trust lands, within a designated reservation, are subject to ____ regulations governing development.

a) State
b) Local
c) Federal
C
In which landmark case did the court's ruling uphold a restrictive zoning designation on the theory that the low density zoning served "legitimate governmental goals" such as discouraging the premature and unnecessary conversion of open space t
D
Which of the following demonstrates the useful function of a computerized traffic model?

a) Test the impact on traffic of different land use scenarios.
b) Analyze the effectiveness of various physical improvements.
c) Determine the i
D
Medicare, the Government's FIRST medical insurance program for the elderly, was put into place during which administration?

a) Johnson
b) Nixon
c) Carter
d) Regan, first term
A
The "Great Society" was a program that originated during the _____ administration?

a) Kennedy
b) Johnson
c) Nixon]
d) Bush
B
Parallel parking spaces typically have the following angle (in degrees)?

a) 0
b) 30
c) 45
d) 90
A
An ordinance requiring the set-aside of land or dollars to construct affordablew housing within a subdivision is referred to as?

a) Fees in lieu
b) Inclusionary
c) Exclusionary
d) INcentive
B
This technique is used to determine which particular steps in a project will be the most important to keeping a project going. It frequently is used to manage the scheduling of construction projects. Name it.

a) Critical Path Programming
A
"Potentially responsible parties" (RPAs) is a term in which federal environmental law?

a) Big Trees Preservation Act
b) Clean Air Act
c) Fairy Shrimp Protection Act
d) Supe Fund (CERCLA)
D
What type rate of interest is charged by the Federal Reserve on loans to commercail banks?

a) Interest rate
b) Discount rate
c) Market rate
d) None of the above
B
Advocacy planning describes the right of a neighborhood or othere group to propose and to promote plans directed to?

a) Social issues
b) Special interests
c) Its own needs and interests
d) All of the above
D
If an industry has a location quotient of 2.00 which of the following is TRUE?

a) It exports employment.
b) It imports employment.
c) It is experiencing unemployment.
d) It has twice as many jobs as employees.
A
An industry is an exporter of employment if it has a location quotient greater tha ____?

a) 0.01
b) .001
c) 1.00
d) 1000
C
An easement may be acquired by prescription ina a manner similar to acquisition of land by?

a) Eminent domain.
b) Adverse possession
c) A and B
B
An urban area defined as depressed and made eligible for special government assistance for economic development in the form of tax breaks and subsidies is?

a) Enterprise zone
b) Empowerment zone
c) Economic development zone
B
Areas generall characterized by low-density residential development (e.g. 1 to 5 du/acre) and limited commecial uses are called?

a) Rural residentail
b) Under developed
c) Suburban
d) Rare in New York City.
A
A system of describing and identifying land by measures and direction from an identifiable point of reference such as a monument, or other marker, the corner of intersecting street, or in rural areas a tree or other permanent feature is termed?
C
MSA stands for?

a) Metropolitan study area
b) Metropolitan statistical area
c) Management systems analysis
B
Which of the following was an important goal of the Community Development Block Grants (CDBG) program?

a) To purchase concrete blocks for freeway construction.
b) To provide homes for the homeless
c) To create redevelopment agencies
D
A property that selects a statistical sample of a large population will always?

a) Reduce the amount of effort required to ascertain characteristics of population.
b) Provide a mathematical estimate of the accuracy of the calculated popul
B
The logic of analysis, the worth of evaluation the consequences of alternatives, the validity and pertinence of information, and the effectiveness of standards and policies in achieving goals are all ideas central to the?

a) Evolution of ratio
A
Which of the following contribute to the provision of affordable housing?

a) Section 8 grants
b) Density bonus ordinances
c) Construction of government subsidized apartments
d) All of the above
D
Groups protested of establishing Disney's American theme park in Haymarket, VA in 1993 for which of the following reasons?

a) The new park would cause the downtown to further deteriorate.
b) The new park would have a negative impact on Ci
B
Experts estimate that the amount of farmland that is being lost every minute in the US is about ____ acres?

a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) 5
C
The significance of efficiency for planners is?

a) The efficiency with which plans are produced.
b) The efficiency that plans can produce.
c) The efficiency with which rapidly developing problems are handled.
B
The Clean Air Act grants state primacy in developing implentation plans. "Primacy" does not refer to which of the following?

a) Responsibility for development and enforcement of the plan.
b) Responsibility for identifying emissi
C
Which of the following are functions of a city plan?

I. The plan is an expression of what a community wants.
II. The plan serves as a guide to decision making.
III. It represents the fulfillment of a legal requirement.
IV. It se
D
When working with developers all of the following are necessary EXCEPT?

a) Respecting timetables.
b) Providing advice on the probable success of the business venture proposed.
c) Acknowledging profit/loss in the process.
d) Bein
B
What is the primary difference between a variance and other land entitlements?

a) Findings are not necessary with a variance.
b) Variances are ministerially approved.
c) Manufactured housing (mobile homes)
d) The absence of a ha
d
Which of the following regulatory agencies would typically conduct a site plan review for a public high school?

a) Planning Commission
b) Zoning Board of Appeals
c) State Planning Office
d) School District
C
Which of the following is the MOST IMPORTANT element in a customer service program?

a) An emphasis on people.
b) Staff expertise and training.
c) Identification of customers.
d) An objective for continuous improvement.
B
Who is Robert Moses?
What is his Quote?
What is he known as?
What did he shape?
What positions did he hold?
*If the end does not justify the means, then what the hell does?
*Great Expeditor
*Most significant contributor in shaping the NY region: 400 miles of parkways (Triborough Bridge & Jones Beach)
*Replaced Burnham as lead person on city planning in the 1920s
*Hired by Portland, OR to recommend a program for public improvements.
Who was Frederick Law Olmsted Sr?
He designed?
What is he known for?
*Riverside, IL and co-designed Central Park
*Site planner for the Columbian Expo.
Who is Lewis Mumford?

What did he influence?
What book did he author?
What was he a member of?
What was he a critic of?
*Sunnyside Gardens, NY & Radburn, NJ
*The Culture of Cities
*Regional Planning Association of America
*Outspoken critic of the Regional Plan of NY
Who is Frederick Law Olmsted Jr.
What position did he hold?
What did he design?
What did he shape?
*1st President of the American City Planning Institute.
*Forest Hills Gardens & Palos Verdes Estates.
*Helped shape the Standard Enabling Act,
Who is Unwin?
What did he influence?
What did he develop?
*Garden City Movement
*1st Comprehensive Suburban Neighborhood Design - Hampstead Garden Suburb (1907)
Who was John Ruskin?

What was he responsible for?
Greenbelt concept of the Garden City Movement
Who is Patrick Geddes?
What did he author?
What is his background?
What is he known for?
*Father of Regional Planning
*Author of "Cities in Evolution"
*British biologist and sociologist
*Innovative city planning theorist
Who is Paul Davidoff?

What did he found?
What is he known for?
*Founded the Suburban Action Institute Suburban Action Institute in 1969 whose members challenged exclusionary zoning in the courts winning the Mt Laurel case.
*Developed the concept of Advocacy Planning.
Who is Clarence Arthur Perry?
What concept is he linked to?
What book did he author?
*Neighborhood Unit Concept
*Regional Survey of New York and its Environs
Who is Ebeneezer Howard?

What movement is he linked to?
Garden City Movement
Who designed Central Park?
Frederick Law Olmsted Sr. & Calvert Vaux
What was the theme of the book, "The Use of Land: A Citizens Guide to Urban Growth"?
Vision of a more equitable and environmentally sensitive development.
Who is Jacob Riis?
What books did he author?
*Photo-journalist
*City Slums, How the Other Half Lives, The Children of the Poor.
Who is Catherine Bauer Wurster?
What book did she author?
Modern Housing
Who is Ian McHarg?
What is he known as?
What book did he write?
*Father of modern environmental policy.
*Design with Nature
In 1910, Forest Hills Gardens (Long Island NY) became?

a) The first cemetery on Long Island.
b) A historic monument.
c) The 1st American test of the neighborhood unit concept.
d) The first redevelopment district in New York stat
C
Which of the following was NOT a major port for immigrants in early US history?

a) New York City
b) Philadelphia
c) Chicago
d) Miami
D
Ian McHarg's "Design with Nature"?

a) Became a model for environmental planning
b) Influenced a whole generation of local, regional, and state planners.
c) Foreshadowed the institutionalization of environmental policy.
D
In 1934, Alfred Bettman became?

a) 1st Director of planning of Cincinnati.
b) 1st President of the American Society of Planning Officials
c) 1st City Planner to become a US Senator
d) 1st President of the APA
B
Radburn new town is located in?

a) New York
b) Main
c) Texas
d) New Jersey
D
Medicare, the Government's FIRST medical insurance program for the elderly was put into place during which administration?

a) Johnson
b) Nixon
c) Carter
d) Regan
A
The "Great Society" was a program that originated during the ____ administration?

a) Kennedy
b) Johnson
c) Nixon
d) Bush
B
The World's Columbian Exposition (1893) was the showcase for Daniel Burnham's?

a) Horseless carriage
b) White house
c) Circus
d) White city
D
The late 19th Century photojournalist, Jacob Riis, authored which of the following books?

I. City Slums
II. How the Other Half Lives
III.New Towns
IV. Childeren of the Poor

a) II and IV
b) 1 and II
c) II znd
A or B
The first suburban, auto-oriented, shopping center (Country Club Plaza) was constructed in 1922 at?

a) New York
b) Seattle
c) Kansas City
d) New Have
C
All of the following are known for thir involvement in organizational approaches to citizen participation EXCEPT?

a) Saul Alinsky
b) Patrick Geddes
c) Susan Arnstein
d) Paul Davidoff
B
Which of the following planning pioneers were concerned about housing?

a) Catherine Bauer Wurster
b) Jacob August Riis
c) George Pullman
d) All of the aboe.
D
Which of the following is true about Saul Alinsky?

a) He was a criminologist who lived in Illinois.
b) He was a community organizer in the Chicago slums.
c) He founded the "Back of the Yards" acvocacy organization.
d)
D
Which of the following is NOT true about Kevin Lynch?

a) He was a designer.
b) He lived during the mid-twentieth century (502, 60s, 70s, and 80s).
c) He wrote, "The Image of the City (1960), A Theory of Good City Form (1981), an
D
The first statewide zoning system was introduced in 1978 in which state?

a) California
b) New York
c) Hawaii
d) Texas
C
George Pullman designed and built the Town of Pullman in 1880. Pullman was a model industrial town. In which state was it built?

a) New Jersey
b) Maryland
c) Illinois
d) Missouri
C
Which of the following is NOT a key feature of Radburn?

a) It had a variety of housing types.
b) Houses were turned around so they fronted on pedestrian paths rather than streets.
c) Military bases were constructed nearby.
d) Hi
C
To break up the stark grid pattern of previous urbanization, what street design techniques were utilized in residential design beginning in the late 1940s and early 1950s?

I. Greenbelts and parkway strips.
II. Cul-de-sacs.
III. Curvi
D
The "Neighborhood Unit" concept is attributed to?

a) Kevin Lynch
b) Clarench Perry
c) Ian McHarf
c) Lewis Mumford
B
The Indian Reorganization Act provided for?

a) The re-settlement of Native American onto federal property.
b) Native Americans residing on reservations to organize for their common welfare.
c) Native Americans residing on reservation
D
The Mall of America is located in?

a) Orlando, FL
b) Bloomington, MN
c) Autin, TX
d) Chicago, IL
B
Which of the following is the author of "Regional Survey of New York and it Environs" (1929) and the "Fathger" of the neighborhood concept?

a) Daniel Burnham
b) Clarence Perry
c) Raymond Unwin
B
The American Society of Planning Officials (ASPO) was established in?

a) 1924
b) 1934
c) 1964
d) 1974
B
Which city was the fastest growing in the 1990s?
Las Vegas
What is the Baltimore Plan?
The cleaning up of various cities in the 1950s.
The Yellow Book is?
Published by the National Recreation and Park Association (NRPA) and is a cookbbok for park and open space standards.
The Standard Zoning Enabling Act was established in?
1922
The new town of Columbia, MD was designed with which features?
*Neighborhood clusters
*Prior land assembly
What were the characteristics of greenbelt cities?
Name one, where was it located?
Who created it and why is it significant?
*Modified neighborhood units in the countryside surrounded by greenbelts of public land & served as "dormitory" suburbs.
*Greehills, Ohio
*Created in 1935 by the Resettlement Admin of the Fed Govt. Significant in that it was largely a failure. Court ruled govt could not use eminent domain for housing purposes.
The author of "Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform" is?

a) Lewis Mumford
b) Eveneezer Howard
c) Jacob Riis
d) Clarence Perry
B
The most outstanding example of suburban development undertaken during the FIRST period of suburbanization in the US is?

a) Pullman, IL
b) Reverhead, IL
c) Lake Forest, IL
d) Riverside, IL
D
Which of the following was a unique regional development organization, and forbearer of contemporary COGs and MPOs?

a) Tenessee Valley Authority (1933)
b) Plan of Chicago (1909)
c0 City Beautiful Movement
d) Housing Act of 1934
A
Which of the following is/are NOT true about Ebenezer Howard's philiosophy concerning the "Garden City" as presented in his 1898 book, "Tomorrow: a Peaceful Path to Real Reform"?

a) Victory gardens were to be a central part
A
The Scottish-American natiralist and explorer who was a strong advocate for the creation of Yosemite National Park was?

a) Ansel Adams
b) John Muir
c) Ian McHarg
d) Theodore Roosevelt
B
Which noted planning pioneer made the following statement: "Historically, public opinion has favored development almost irrespective of the cost to the environment. Our laws and institutions...reflect a pro-development bias"?

a) Ian
D
City where the 1st officcially adopted comprehensive plan was spproved to create a legal connection betweeen zoning and the plan.
Cincinnati, 1925
What is the importance of the 1925 Cincinnati Plan?
Who was behind it?
Significance to City Planning?
*1st comprehensive plan having as its basis the welfare of the city as a whole incl extensive zoing.
*Alfred Bettman, Cincinnati attorney heavily involved w/United City Planning Committee that worked with the city to develop a comprehensive plan.
*Incl an official adoption of long-term development goals. Importance - concept uses legal control of development as a tool to achieve long-range community goals. Serves as a contrast tpo earlier zoning codes in which codes were not established with long-term goals in mind.
The first statewide zoning system was introduced in 1978 in which state?
Hawaii
Importance of The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)?
Who was behind it?
Why significant to City Planning?
*Independent, multi-functional governmental agency created for regional planning and development of the Tennessee River Valley.
*Created by FDR and Fed Govt as a "New Deal" program to create jobs through public infrastructure projects. Person behind TVA created in 1933 was Senator Norris.
*Modern regional planning agencies have their roots in TVA.
Contemporary City
Who designed it?
What theory does it adhere
to?
What are its goals?
Who promoted it?
*LeCorbusier
*Utopianism
*Specific goals are clearly and powerfully stated.
*Promoted by a single individual.
What are the two most important characteristics of the New York Tenement House Law?
*Buildings were to be constructed with a narrow air shaft for ventilation.
*2 toilets were to be provided for each floor.
Greenbelt towns were built by?
Resettlement Administration of the US Dept of Agriculture in the 1930s.
Why is Radburn, NJ important?
*It represented the ideal of the American Planning movement.
*Represented the influence of the English Garden City theories in America.
What & where was Radburn?
Key figures in its development?
Elements and significance of Radburn?
*Radburn-Fairlawn, NH.
*Clarence Stein & Henry Wright through the City Housing Corp - 1928.
*Evolution of neighborhood idea that started in Hamstead, England.
Contained - Superblocks w/center parks bounded by 2 story SF housing. Extensive pedestrian paths. Became prototype for "advanced" land development for next 50 years.
What was City Beautiful?
Who was behind it?
Where did it start & why is it significant?
*Massive public works project to create employment & civic pride.
*Burnham proposed it in Chicago but got the idea from a successfully implemented Prisian plan from 1850-1870.
*Significance was realized much later during the Americna Depression of the 1930s when thousands were employed to build som the United State's most important public works projects.
Neighborhood Concept
Who is behind it?
What are its elements?
When and where was it
first built?
What period of planning
development would it
dominate?
*Clarence Perry
*Basic building block of a city. Elementary school in center & was bounded by main roads at its perimeter. Center to perimeter was walkable distance for a child. No industrial or commercial in the unit.
*1910 - Forest Hills Gardens - 1st American test of the neighborhood unit concept.
*Post-WWII development.
What did the ordinance of 1785 establish?
Why was it important?
*Established a system of rectangular survey coordinates for land west of the Appalacians.
*It opened the west to rapid settlement and resulted in rampant speculation of land.
What was the Garden City Movement
Who was Behind it?
Where did it start and why was it important?
*Mode of development that promoted "garden cities" of finite population surrounded by greenbelts of public land committed to agriculture preventing urban expansion & land speculation.
*Ebenezer Howard started it in his book, "Garden Cities of Tomorrow"
*Started in Letchworth, England in 1903. Planned in full detail by Barry Parker & Raymond Unwin. Led to 1st comprehensive neighborhood design.
Standard City Planning and Enabling Act
When was it enacted?
What Department?
What Government Official?
What Planner?
*1928
*US Dept of Commerce
*Secretary Herbert Hoover
*Frederick Law Olmsted Sr.
Who designed Riverside IL?
Why is it significant?
What are its key elements?
*Frederick Law Olmsted Sr & Calvert Vaux in the English Garden Style.
*One of the 1st suburban style developments with features replicated in modern suburbs. Iconic symbol of the owner - manager class.
*Features included curvilinear streets, SF detached homes w/deep setbacks, extensive use of lawn & shade trees.
Why is Radburn important?

a) It was the first American New Town
b) It represented the ideal of the American Planning movement.
c) It represented the influence of the English Garden City theories in American
d) B and C
D
Which of the following is NOT a basic feature of Radburn, NJ?

a) The orginal concept called for a town of 30,000 with commerce, industries, schools, and recreation areas.
b) The city was designed by Lewis Mumford in 1929.
c) The desi
B
Which of the following methods did Alisky's followers utilize?

a) Disruption of normal activities and use of protests and boycotts.
b) Use of marches and rent strikes.
c) Violent demonstrations.
d) All of the above.
D
Joel Garreau was concerned about which of the following?

a) Edge cities
b) Leap frog development
c) Package sewer plants
d) Building moratoriums
A
The new town of Columbia, MD was deigned with which of the following planned features?

I Neighborhood clusters
II A rail system
III Prior land assembly
IV Prohibition of Industry

a) II only
b) I and III
c) I
B
"Cities in Evolution" was writeen by?

a) Patrick Geddes
b) Ebenezer Howard
c) Clarence Perry
d) Patick Gilles
A
Planning pioneer Clarence Perry presented the "Neighborhood Unit Principle" in the 1929 publication?

a) Housing and the Mechanic Age
b) Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform
c) The Culture of Cities
d) Regional Surv
D
Wome in suburbia during the 1940s and 1950s provide a good example of the way in which demographic change creates new planning needs for a specific group. Which of the following shows this phenomenon?

a) Low density suburbs became a principal
D
Which of the following colonial cities were planned with public open space (Town squares)?

a) Boston and Savannah
b) Philadelphia and New Have
c) A and B
C
The original 18th century plan for Washington DC was developed by?

a) George Washington
b) Ben Franklin
c) Paul Revere
d) Charle Piere L'Enfant
D
In the 1990s, the Census Bureau reported the total number of US farms had dipped below 2 million, the lowest number since?

a) World War II
b) The Great Depression
c) The turn of the century
d) Before the Civil War
D
When adjusted to today's economy, the current minimum wage is ____ than it was 50 years ago?

a) Higher
b) Lower
c) About the same
d) No comparison can be made.
B
Part of a package of growth management laws enacted in Florida in 1985, concurrency requires?

a) Deposits of substantial currency as bond for required improvements for new developments.
b) The processing and approval of multiple entitleme
C
A central component of the 1985 Phoenix General Plan is the concept of?

a) Urban sprawl
b) Rural residential subdivision
c) Growth management and moratoriums on new development
d) Urban villages
D
Published in 1979. the so-called yellow book is?

a) A publication of radical planning thought.
b) A cookbook for park and open space standards.
c) Published by the National Recreation and Park Association (NRPA).
d) B and C
D
During the last half of the 20th century, the nation's 25 largest cities had which of the following in common?

a) The all experienced an increase in employment opportunities.
b) The violent crime rate dropped in all 25 cities.
d) The
D
Early plans for cities such as Washington DC, Detroit, and New York were largely rejected, changed, or ignored, in keeping with?

a) The concept of minimal government responsibility.
b) Rampant land speculation.
c) Minimal interferenc
D
Former President Richard Nixon created which agency in 1970?

a) The National Child Protection Agency
b) The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
c) The California Environmental Quality Act
d) Watergate National Archives Agency
B
In 1945, the muliplt-nuclei model fpr American urban structure was proposed by?

a) F.W. Horton and D.R. Reynolds
b) Barry Garner
c) Homer Hoyt
d) Edward L. Ullmand and Chauncey D. Harris
D
The Vieux Carre (French Quarter) historic core of New Orleans was?

a) Completely destroyed in 1957
b) Designated as a protected district in 1932.
c) Th first area in the US to receive landmark preservation status.
d) B and C
D
Which of the following is a concept of the "New York Zoning Resolution"?

a) Uses allowed in zoning districts were "cumulative"
b) The city's water supply would be protected.
c) Persons aggrieved by the Resolution
A
The Standard Zoning Enabling Act (SZEA) was issued in?
a) 1925
b) 1922
c) 1927
d) 1928
B
Center-of-the-block parks bounded by 2-story SF houses, pedestrian paths to local schools, and nearby shopping centers are all design elements of?

a) Grid city design
b) Growth management planning
c) Greenbelt towns
d) Superbloc
D
In 1959, Ian McHarg published?

a) The Yosemite
b) Site Planning
c) The History of the City
d) Design with Nature
D
The FIRST major regional shopping center to open in the United States was?

a) Southland Mall, Hayward, CA (1963)
b) Sun Valley Mall, Sun Valley, CO (1959)
c) Northland Center, MI (1954)
d) Manchester Mall, Fresno, CA (1958)
C
Advocacy Planning is axxociated closely with Paul Davidoff and Saul Alinsky. A significant effect of the advocacy movement was?

a) It helped single women get off welfare.
b) It caused social planning to move from backroom negotiations out
B
Which of the following is TRUE about New York's Central Park?

I The park was designed by Fredeick Law Olmsted Sr and Calver Vaux
II Construction was intiated in the 1850s
III The park was authorized by the New York State legislature
D
"Power is the basis for successfully negotiating for economic and political gains. Neighborhoods have to disrupt normal activity. This is accomplished through such things as pickets and marches." Referes to?

a) Alinsky's Organization
A
"There is no overall, common public interest to be served in planning. The planner serves a variety of groups with diverse goals and interests." Name the planning theory.

a) Utopianism
b) Advocacy Planning
c) Charette
B
What is the chief importance of the Tenessee Valley Authority Act (1937)?

a) It set in place an agency to stop flooding.
b) It created an agency to oversee the generation of electric power.
c) It is the earliest example of federal le
C
Which of the following are reasons for Post WWII suburbanization?

I Availability of federal and state highway construction
II FHA and VA housing programs.
III Dispersal of mfg plants from the core of cities.
IV Widespread car ow
D
The FIRST president of the American Society of Planning Officials (1934) was?

a) Ebenezer Howard
b) Richard Nixon
c) Alfred Bettman
d) Lewis Mumford
C
Which of the following statements is NOT true about the Tennessee Valley Authority?

a) The Authority office was actually located in Kentucky not Tennessee.
b) T=In 1933, the TVA was created as an independent multi-functional governmental
A
The period between 1860 and 1870 in the US saw the beginning of suburbanization with the creation of small settlements beyond large cities. Which of the following cities exemplifies this early American suburbanization?

a) Radburn, NJ
b) R
B
Among the many projects during the early years of the New Deal Era was a major regional development program that became know as?

a) The Tennessee Valley Authority
b) The USHA Program
c) The Greenbelt Towns
d) The PWA Program
A
Which "Great Expediter" said, "If the ends don't justify the means, then what the hell does?"

a) Daniel Burnham
b) Mike Waiczis
c) Robert Moses
d) Adolph Hitler
C
In 1890, George Pullman designed and built the Town of Pullman, a model industrial town in the state of?

a) New York
b) Ohio
c) Illinois
d) Michigan
C
Initiated in 1969, the "A-95" clearinghouse review process was respoinsible for?

a) Massive eminent domain suits.
b) The creation of regional planning agencies.
c) The recession in the midwest.
d) Construction of affor
B
The "Baltimore Plan" refers to?

a) Baltimore's 1895 master plan.
b) Baltimore's 1985 master plan.
c) The cleaning up pf various cities in the 1950s.
d) Rehabilitation of urban waterfronts.
C
The American "Greenbelt" towns were built in the 1930s by?

a) The City Housing Corporation
b) The Resettlement Administration of the US Dept of Agriculture
c) The Dept of Houseing and Urban Development
d) The PWA Housi
B
The 1858 design of Central Park of New York City was prepared by?

a) Frederick Law Olmsted Sr and Calvert Vaux
b) Tony Dowe and Jerry mathers
c) Andrew Jackson Downing
d) Theodora Kimball and William C Bryant
A
The "Zoning Game" was written by?

a) Richard Babcock
b) Jane Jacobs
c) Lewis Mumford
d) Iam McHarg
A
"What may be needed for successful social planning is a reorientation of the whole concept of the comprehensive plan that would place equity at its heart." Which plan or planning department achieved such a reorientation in 1975?

a) T
A
What was the major theme is the book, "The Use of Land: A Citizens Policy Guide to Urban Growth" (1973)?

a) Citizen participation in planning.
b) Visioning and advance planning.
c) Affordable housing.
d) The vision of
D
The late Paul Davidoff called which of the following, "the major land-use innovation of the 1980s"?

a) Urban renewal
b) The Block Grant program
c) Inclusionary zoning
d) Model Zoning Ordinance
C
Which of the following planning movements was characterized by local management and self-government without a need for intervention from the central state. Planning should be designed for socioeconomic stratums just above the poor?

a) Sanitary
C
Principle Centered Leadership is a management term espoused by?

a) Stephen Covey
b) W. Edwards Deming
c) Lee Iacoca
d) Bill Clinton
A
The quote, "Make no small plans, they have no magic to stir men's (or women's) blood" is attributed to?

a) Frank Lloyd Wright
b) Daniel Burnham
c) Richard Nixon
d) Daniel Boone
B
"Planners must strive to expand choice and opportunity for all persons, recognizing a special responsibility to plan for the needs of disadvantaged groups and persons". This quote is from?

a) Federal Law
b) The AICP Code of Ethi
B
Who was the most significant contributor in shaping the New York Region with 400 miles of parkways (Triborough Bridge and Jones Beach?
Robert Moses
The New York Tenement House Law was enacted in 1879. Which of the following were important requirements of the new law?

I Each unit had to have a kitchen
II The buildings were to be constructed with narrow air shafts for ventilation.
D
Which of the following were reasons for the rapid metropolitan growth of the post WWII period in America?

I. National prosperity fostering extensive automobile ownership.
II. Federal and State highway construction programs.
III. FHA
D
Who wrote "City Slums"?
Jacob Riis
Who wrote "The Death and Life of Great American Cities"?
Jane Jacobs
Who wrote "The Culture of Cities"?
Lewis Mumford
Who wrote "Cities in Evolution"?
Patrick Geddes
Who wrote "Image of the City"?
Kevin Lynch
Whot wrote "Cocentric Zone Theory"?
Ernest Burgess
Who wrote "Design with Nature"?
Ian McHarg
Who wrote "A Theory of Good City Form"?
Kevin Lynch
Who wrote "Site Planning"?
Kevin Lynch
Who designed Washington DC?
Pierre Charles L'Enfant
Who wrote "The Zoning Game"?
Richard Babcock
Who replaced Daniel Burnham as lead person on city planning in the 1920s?
Robert Moses
Who wrote "The General Urban Plan"?
T.J.Kent Jr.
Who wrote "Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform"?
Ebenezer Howard
Who lead the Garden City Movement?
Ebenezer Howard
Who is linked to the "Neighborhood Unit" concept?
Clarence Arthur Perry
Who is concerned with edge cities?
Joe Garreau
What methods did Alinsky's followers utilize?
*Disruption of normal activities and use of protest and boycotts.
*Maarches and rent strikes
*Violent demonstrations.
Who designed the Town of Pullman?
Where is Pullman located?
*George Pullman
*Illinois
Who is Saul Alinsky?
What position did he hold?
What organization did
found?
What did he do?
*Criminologist
*"Back of the Yards" advocacy organization.
*Community organizer in Chicago slums.
Who was Norman Kumholz?
What did he believe?
* Equity Planning in Cleveland
* Believed that "planning considers the distributional effects of public and private action and attempts to resolve inequities in the distribution of basic goods and services."
What did Pierre Charles L'Enfant design?
Washington DC
Jane Jacobs
What did she write?
What did her book do?
*The Death & Life of Great American Cities"
*Forced readers to rethink urban renewal and other contemporary tools of city building. Influenced 2 generations of planners.
Kevin Lynch
What position did he hold?
What books did he write?
Quote?
*Designer
*Image of the City, A Theory of Good City Form, Site Planning
*Historically public opinion has favored development almost irrespective of the cost to the environment. Our laws and institutions...reflect a pro-development bias."
Paul Davidoff
What concept did he
develop?
What kind of planner was
he?
What legal case did he win?
*Advocacy planning.
*Advocacy planner.
*Mt Laurel - inclusionary zoning.
What type of development is Peter Calthorpe associated with?
Transit oriented development.
A roof that is double pitched on all four sides is referred to as a?

a) Gambrel roof
b) Cape roof
c) Mansard roof
d) Hip roof
C
What presentation format is most appropriate for addressing a group of 100 citizens in a large public meeting room?

I. Overhead projector
II. Large color map
III. Slide projector
IV. Video

a) I only
b) II only
C
All of the following management techniques may be utilized by meeting facilitators EXCEPT?

I. Brainstorming
II. Diffusion of tension
III. Keeping the meeting focused
IV. Determining and aggresively enforcing ground rules.
C
A senior planner is responsible for presenting a staff report before the planning commission. Which of the following would be the MOST IMPORTANT thing to accomplish in her oral presentation?

a) Discuss options and staff recommendations.
b
A
Of the following, which works BEST to conserve energy?

a) Voluntary rationing of fuel.
b) Solar heating.
c) Telecommuting.
d) Battery powered vehicles.
A
The 1965 Pennsyvania case, National Land and Investment Co. v. Kohn held that?

a) A 4-acre minimum lot size was exclusionary.
b) Phasing development was a valid exercise of local police powers.
c) Communities must accept their fair s
A
Planning managers us a variety of measuring tools to measure both process and results. Which of the following are measuring tools?

I. Fishbone diagram.
II. Run chart.
III. Scatter diagram.
IV. Brainstorming.

a) I and
D
Which of the following represents typical reasons why a jurisdiction would adopt specific development and design standards for multiple family projects in the zoning ordinance?

I. To make them legally binding and defensible.
II. Because t
D
You have been asked to prepare a detailed analysis of the groundwater resources in your community. The BEST resource for this report would be?

a) US Environmental Protection Agency
b) US Geological Survey
c) National Marine Fisheries
B
Underground fuel storage tanks pose a _____ threat to groundwater use for drinking water?

a) High
b) Medium
c) Low
d) No Threat
A
The planning director of a small community is asking the City Council to approve a staff initiated zoning ordinance amendment to provide specific criteria for architectural review of projects. Which of the following would she likely emphasize in her staf
B
Gross density includes?

a) Streets
b) Schools
c) Parks
d) All of the above
B
The Planning Commission is an administrative/legislative body that is appointed by such boards as a City Council or County Supervisors and charged with?

a) Participating in development of a General Plan.
b) Administration of the Zoning Or
D
Cluster development is a type of development that allows the reduction of lot sizes below the zoning ordinance minimum requirements if the thereby gained is?

a) Utilized for low income housing.
b) Deeded to the mayor.
c) Preserved in
C
The term "bordering land subject to flooding" refers to?

a) The area which floods from a rise in a bordering waterway or water body.
b) The area that provides a temporary storage area for flood waters.
c) The area which pro
D
Metes and bounds is a system of describing and identifying land by measures (metes) and direction (bounds) from an identifiable point of reference. It is the most precise of the common forms of urban land description. What are some other methods?
D

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