Glossary of AHSGE SS voc test 1
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- (1095-1270) Holy Wars waged by Europeans on the Muslims in the Middle East to regain the Holy Land of Christianity's founder, Jesus Christ. The Crusades
- magnetic direction indicator
- an instrument to determine location by using the stars
- a new and very strong sailing ship
- The Lost Colony
- sponsored by Sir Walter Raleigh, a group of 100 settled on the island of Roanoke in present-day North Carolina.
- literally means "rebirth," and refers to the great cultural developments and societal changes that began in 14th century Italy and spread to the rest of Europe in the 15th and 16th centuries.
- Martin Luther
- leader of the Protestant Reformation to reform the Catholic Church
- the movement to reform the Catholic Church
- Christopher Columbus
- an Italian explorer representing Spain who set out in 1492 to find a new route to Asia. His voyage marked the beginning of colonization efforts by European countries in the Americas.
- Columbian Exchange
- the mixture of the native cultures in the newly discovered Western Hemisphere with European cultures
- Spanish for "conquerors
- Hernando Cortez
- conquered the Aztec Empire in 1519 with the help of only 600 soldiers
- Francisco Pizarro
- conquered the Inca Empire in 1535
- Francisco Coronado
- explored the area of presentday New Mexico in 1540 in search of the legendary Seven Cities of Gold.
- Hernando de Soto
- explored the areas of present day Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi in search of same legendary cities
- Juan Ponce de Leon
- explored Florida looking for the Fountain of Youth
- an economic system by which a nation's power is measured by its gold reserves
- St. Augustine
- a settlement on the Florida coast founded by the Spanish in 1565, the first European city in North America, St. Augustine was vital for maintaining control of Florida and the Spanish trade from Mexico.
- Jointstock company
- a private company that sells shares to investors.
- House of Burgess
- limited royal authority and increased citizen participation in the colonial government
- vast farmland devoted to one main crop
- Indentured servants
- people who became servants for seven years to pay for their passage to the colonies
- Triangular trade route
- From the Caribbean. traders from the Southern colonies brought molasses to New York to be made into rum. Traders then took some of the rum to West Africa to be exchanged for slaves. Then traders brought the slaves back to plantations in the Caribbean or the Southern colonies where they bought molasses again.
- Three areas of triangular trade
- Caribbean, West Africa, New York
- Mayflower Compact
- guaranteed just and equal laws for all; 1st constitution of colonies
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