Glossary of AHA CPR TEST

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When do you start CPR?
When the victim is not breathing and does not have a pulse
Basic life support is never done on a _______ patient?
When can you stop CPR?
When breathing and heartbeat start again, when doctor tell you can stop, other medical professionals take over for you, when you are physically exausted
Adults suffering from sudden cardiac arrest need immediate?
The greatest risk of death from a heart attack occurs within the first?
Two (2) hours
Your helping an ADULT, as a lone rescuer what should you do prior to stating CPR?
Call 911, EMT
Your helping a child/infant, there is no pulse and no respiration, as a lone rescuer what should you do?
Immediately start CPR, after 1 minute, call 911, EMT, if you can carry the child do so(if you suspect no major spinal injuries)
Stroke according to the American Heart Association is called what?
Brain attack
______is the 3rd leading cause of death in the USA?
What are the 3 RED FLAGS of a STROKE?
Facial droop
Arm weakness
Speech difficulties
Initial treatment of the near drowning victim consists of _______ ______ with the mouth to mouth technique?
Rescue breathing (1 breath every 5 seconds)
One man CPR:
Look-tos see if you see the chest rise
Listen-for breathing through the victims nose or mouth.
Feel-for breathing through the victims nose or mouth with your cheek.
One man CPR:
(if not breathing)
Step 6: Give tow (2) full breaths
a. breaths should be 2 seconds in length.
b. leave false teeth in unless they are loose.
c. pinch nose to keep air from escaping.
d. check for chest rise (if no chest rise, re open airway with method of lift)
e. normal relaxion of the chest will cause the victim to exhale.
One man CPR:
After step 6, if the victim is breathing what should you do?
Place in recovery position
(on their side) and activate EMS
What precautions should healthcare providers follow?
OSHA Universal Precautions, and use a barrier device when available.
How long should you take the carotid pulse?
5-10 seconds
When checking the carotid pulse, where should your other hand be placed?
On the victims forehead, maintaining the head tilt, keeping the airway open.
If your adult victim begins to have a pulse, but is not able to breath on their own, what should you do?
Rescue breathing
1 breath every 5 seconds
If your child/infant victim has a pulse but can not breath on their own what should you do?
Rescue breathing
1 breath every 3 seconds
How many rescue breaths for an adult?
How many rescue breaths for a child?
When treating an unconscious, breathing victim, what should you do?
Recovery position, EMS, and monitor carefully(if neck injury is not suspected)
During chest compression on an adult, what is the depth you should press the chest?
1 1/2 to 2 inches
During chest compressions on a child, what is the depth?
1/3 to 1/2 of the childs chest
Adult victim chest compression is done with how many hands?
2, placed over each othe, lifting the fingers off the chest, and using your palm
Child chest compression is done with how many hands?
One hand, fingers off the chest, with palm only.
What is the ratio for chest compression and breaths for an adult?
15 chest compression and 2 breaths
What is the ratio for chest compression and breaths for a child 1-8?
5 chest compressions and 1 breath
Chest compressions on an adult are done at a rate of how many compressions a minute?
Chest compressions on a child (1-8) are done at a rate of how many compressions per minute?
What is the count you should count when giving compressions?
ONE and TWO and THREE and FOUR and FIVE (5) for child 1-8, and 15 for adult
After about 4 cycles of compressions and breaths what should you do?
Check carotid pulse
If the victim has a pulse after doing compression what should you do?
Stop compressions, and continue rescue breathing 1 every 5 seconds until help arrives
If the victim begins to vomit while you are doing CPR what should you do?
Roll them over to their side to evacuate the vomit, then return to CPR
If the patients airway is maintained with endotracheal tube, what is the ratio for compressions/breath?
What are the steps for the initial assesment phase of CPR?
Open airway
Give 2 full breaths

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