Glossary of AENEID Book IV Vocabulary

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alii (line 37)
alius, alia, alium: other, another, else
amor (line 17)
amor, amoris, masculine: love, desire, passion
bella (line 14)
bellum, belli, neuter: war(fare), combat, fight
carpitur (line 2)
carpo, carpere, carpsi, carptus: pluck, consume, waste
cernes (line 47)
cerno, cernere, crevi, cretus: discern, perceive, understand, decide; fight
cura (line 1)
cura, curae, feminine: care, anxiety, grief; love
deos (line 50)
deus, dei, masculine: god, divinity, deity
equidem (line 12)
equidem: indeed, truly
gentis (line 4)
gens, gentis, feminine: clan, race, nation, herd
genus (line 12)
genus, generis, neuter: birth, origin, race; descendant; kind, family
heu (line 13)
heu: alas! ah me! ah!
hic (line 10)
hic, haec, hoc: this, these; he, she, it
honos (line 4)
honos, honoris, masculine: honor, glory, reward; offering, sacrifice, charm, grace
ima (line 24)
imus, ima, imum: deepest, lowest, last; bottom of, foot of
multa (line 3)
multus, multa, multum: much, many, abundant
noctem (line 26)
nox, noctis, feminine: night, darkness; sleep
novus (line 10)
novus, nova, novum: new, young, strange, late
nulli (line 35)
nullus, nulla, nullum: none, no, no one
primus (line 28)
primus, prima, primum: first, foremost, chief
quondam (line 35)
quondam: (at) some time, formerly, ever
servet (line 29)
servo, servare, servavi, servatus: observe, watch; preserve, save, guard, keep, rescue; nurse
si (line 15)
si: whether, if (only), in case that
solus (line 22)
solus, sola, solum: alone, only, lonely, sole
surgere (line 47)
surgo, surgere, surrexi, surrectus: raise, (a)rise, spring up, surge
tellus (line 24)
tellus, telluris, feminine: earth, land, country
terras (line 6)
terra, terrae, feminine: earth, land, country, soil
uni (line 19)
unus, una, unum: one, only, alone, single
vellem (line 16)
volo, velle, volui: will, wish, be willing
vento (line 46)
ventus, venti, masculine: wind, breeze, blast, air
viri (line 3)
vir, viri, masculine: (real) man; hero; husband
agens (line 71)
ago, agere, egi, actus: lead, drive, do, treat, pass, conduct
altae (line 97)
altus, alta, altum: (on) high, lofty, deep
audire (line 78)
audio, audire, audivi, auditus: hear (of), hearken
caelo (line 89)
caelum, caeli, neuter: sky, heaven; weather
capta (line 84)
capio, capere, cepi, captus: take, seize, catch; captivate; deceive; occupy
cui (line 16)
qui, quae, quod: who, which, what, that
dextrae (line 104)
dexter, dextra, dextrum: right (hand); favorable
dictis (line 54)
dictum, dicti, neuter: word, speech, command
die (line 77)
dies, diei, masculine: day, time, season
divum (line 95)
divus, diva, divum: divine, heavenly, deified; divinity, god, goddess
domo (line 82)
domus, domus, feminine: house(hold), home, abode; family, race, line
famam (line 91)
fama, famae, feminine: fame, report, reputation
fuga (line 72)
fuga, fugae, feminine: flight, haste, exile, speed
furens (line 69)
furo, furere, furui: rage, rave, be frantic
infelix (line 68)
infelix, infelicis: unfortunate, accursed, unhappy, unlucky, wretched
inter (line 70)
inter: (+ ACCUSATIVE) between, among, during
moenia (line 96)
moenia, moenium, neuter plural: walls; city; structures
nostra (line 96)
noster, nostra, nostrum: our (own), ours
parant (line 88)
paro, parare, paravi, paratus: prepare, make (ready)
petisti (line 100)
peto, petere, petivi, petitus: seek, attack, aim (at), ask; scan
portus (line 87)
portus, portus, masculine: port, harbor, haven
quaerit (line 77)
quaero, quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitus: seek (in vain), miss, inquire, ask, try
simul (line 90)
simul: at the same time, together
somnos (line 81)
somnus, somni, masculine: sleep, slumber, dream
sub (line 67)
sub: (+ACCUSATIVE, ABLATIVE) (from) under, close (to), beneath, (deep) in, after
telis (line 71)
telum, teli, neuter: weapon; wound, blow
tota (line 68)
totus, tota, totum: all, every, whole, full
ubi (line 80)
ubi: where, when, as soon as
victa (line 95)
vinco, vincere, vici, victus: conquer, surpass
voce (line 76)
vox, vocis, feminine: voice, word, speech, sound
agmina (line 142)
agmen, agminins, neuter: army, line, troop; course
at (line 156)
at (ast): but, yet, however, at least
auras (line 176)
aura, aurae, feminine: breeze, air; favor; light
aures (line 183)
auris, auris, feminine: ear
aurum (line 138)
aurum, auri, neuter: gold
culpam (line 172)
culpa, culpae, feminine: fault, blame, weakness, sin, guilt
dolis (line 128)
dolum, doli, neuter: deceit, wiles, trick, fruad, scheme
eandem (lines 124, 165)
idem, eadem, idem: same, the same
fatis (line 110)
fatum, fati, neuter: fate, destiny, doom; oracle
fortuna (line 109)
fortuna, fortunae, feminine: fortune, chance, luck
ingens (line 181)
ingens, ingentis: enormous, mighty, huge
iste (line 115)
iste, ista, istud: that (of yours)
it (lines 130, 173)
eo, ire, ivi, itus: go, proceed, come
iungit (line 142)
iungo, iungere, iunxi, iunctus: join, unite
iuventus (lines 130, 162)
iuventus, iuventutis, feminine: youth, (group of) young men
laetus (line 140)
laetus, laeta, laetum: happy; fertile; fat, sleek
locutam (line 105)
loquor, loqui, locutus: speak, say, tell, talk
misceri (lines 112, 160)
misceo, miscere, miscui, mixtus: confuse, mix, mingle, stir (up)
modo (line 109)
modo: only, (just) now
nimbum (line 120)
nimbus, nimbi, masculine: rainstorm, (storm)cloud
nomine (line 172)
nomen, nominis, neuter: name, fame, renown
omne (line 122)
omnis, omne: all, every, whole, entire
oras (line 106)
ora, orae, feminine: shore, coast, region, border
parens (line 178)
parens, parentis, masculine/feminine: parent, ancestor, father, mother
possit (line 116)
possum, posse, potui: be able, can, avail
reginam (line 133)
regina, reginae, feminine: queen
reliquit (line 129)
relinquo, relinquere, reliqui, relictus: leave, desert, surrender, abandon, relinquish
ruunt (line 164)
ruo, ruere, rui, ru(i)tus: fall; rush; sink; plow
una (line 117)
una: together, at the same time
urbes (line 173)
urbs, urbis, feminine: city, town
aequora (line 240)
aequor, aequoris, neuter: sea, waves; (level) plain
animas (line 242)
anima, animae, feminine: air, breath, life, soul, shade
atque (line 261)
atque (ac): and, also; as, than
atris (line 248)
ater, atra, atrum: black, gloomy, deadly
avi (line 254)
avis, avis, feminine: bird, fowl
avo (line 258)
avus, avi, masculine: grandfather; ancestor
corpore (line 253)
corpus, corporis, neuter: body, corpse, form
fecerat (line 264)
facio, facere, feci, factus: do, make, perform; grant, offer; suppose
haud (line 256)
haud: not, by no means, not at all
hic (line 252)
hic: here, there, thereupon
hinc (line 253)
hinc: from this place, hence, thence
imperio (line 239)
imperium, imperi, neuter: command, power, dominion, rule, sway, mastery, realm
Italiam (line 230)
Italia, Italiae, feminine: Italy
iubet (line 270)
iubeo, iubere, iussi, iussus: command, order, bid, enjoin (upon), urge
laborem (line 273)
labos (labor), laboris, masculine: labor, hardship, task
litora (line 289)
litus, litoris, neuter: shore, strand, coast, beach
morte (line 244)
mors, mortis, feminine: death, destruction, ruin
munera (line 263)
munus, muneris, neuter: function, duty; gift
nunc (line 265)
nunc: (but) now, soon, as it is
pater (line 234)
pater, patris, masculine: father, ancestor, sire
pedibus (line 239)
pes, pedis, masculine: foot; sheet-rope, sheet
procul (line 278)
procul: far, at a distance, (from) afar
proles (line 258)
proles, prolis, feminine: progeny, offspring
tegit (line 200)
tego, tegere, texi, tectum: cover, hide, protect
tetigit (line 259)
tango, tangere, tetigi, tactus: touch, reach
Teucri (line 230)
Teucrus, Teucra, Teucrum: Teucrian, Trojan
torquet (line 269)
torqueo, torquere, torsi, tortus: twist, sway, hurl
tristia (line 243)
tristis, triste: sad
tum (line 250)
tum (tunc): then, at that time; further
undas (line 253)
unda, undae, feminine: wave, billow, water, sea
ante (line 328)
ante: before (+ ACC); sooner, previously
ardet (line 281)
ardeo, ardere, arsi, arsus: burn, be eager
aut (line 317)
aut: or, either
clamore (line 303)
clamor, clamoris, neuter: shout, roar, applause
classem (line 298)
classis, classis, feminine: fleet, army, ship
de (line 324)
de: (down, away) from, of, concerning, according to (+ ABL)
Dido (line 308)
Dido, Didonis, feminine: Dido (legendary founder and queen of Carthage)
dixerat (line 331)
dico, dicere, dixi, dictus: say, speak, tell, call, name, describe, chant
ducat (line 324)
duco, ducere, duxi, ductus: lead, draw (out), protract; produce, think
dum (line 325)
dum: while, as long as, until, provided
fandi (line 293)
for, fari, fatus: speak, say, tell, utter
fas (line 350)
fas, neuter (indeclinable): right, justice, divine will
fugis (line 314)
fugio, fugere, fugi, fugitus: flee (from), escape, shun
futuros (line 297)
futurus, futura, futurum: destined (to be), impending, about to be
iam (line 315)
iam: now, already, finally, at once
lacrimas (line 314)
lacrima, lacrimae, feminine: tear, compassion
locus (line 319)
locus, loci, masculine: place, region; condition, situation; opportunity
maneret (line 312)
maneo, manere, mansi, mansus: remain, abide, linger, stay, (a)wait
mediis (line 310)
medius, media, medium: middle, intermediate
meum (line 318)
meus, mea, meum: my (own), mine
partes (line 286)
pars, partis, feminine: part, portion, share, side
per (line 314)
per: through, by (means of), over, among, because of, during (+ ACC)
quid (line 317)
quis (qua), quid (qui, quae, quod): who? which? what? why? any, some(one)
rebus (line 294)
res, rei, feminine: thing, affair, matter, deed, fact, fortune; state, commonwealth
referret (line 329)
refero, referre, rettuli, relatus: bear back, restore, carry off; reproduce, renew, recall; relate, say; (re)pay
sacris (line 301)
sacer, sacra, sacrum: sacred, holy, consecrated
sponte (line 361)
spons, spontis, feminine: wish, will, desire
tantos (line 292)
tantus, tanta, tantum: so great, so much, so far
Tyrii (line 321)
Tyrius, Tyria, Tyrium: Tyrian, Carthaginian
vocat (line 303)
voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatus: call, name, address, convoke, invoke, invite, challenge
abessem (line 681)
absum, abesse, afui, afuturus: be away, be distant, be lacking
ait (line 660)
aio, ais, ait, aiunt: say, speak, assert
circum (line 416)
circum (+ ACCUSATIVE): around, about, at, near
cruores (line 687)
cruor, cruoris, masculine: blood, gore
dederat (line 653)
do, dare, dedi, datum: give (forth), grant, allow, bestow; put, place, make
ensem (line 664)
ensis, ensis, masculine: sword, knife
germana (line 675)
germana, germanae, feminine: sister
illam (line 663)
ille, illa, illud: that (famous); he, she, it
immanibus (line 642)
immanis, immane: huge, monstrous, enormous, mighty, dreadful, cruel, atrocious
iste (line 676)
iste, ista, istud: that (of yours)
longum (line 693)
longus, longa, longum: long, wide, distant
magno (line 395)
magnus, magna, magnum: great, large, huge, vast; noble, illustrious, mighty, important
manibus (line 680)
manus, manus, feminine: hand; band, troop; deed
nam (line 696)
nam: for; indeed, truly
patrios (line 680)
patrius, patria, patrium: paternal, ancestral, native
pius (line 393)
pius, pia, pium: devoted, loyal, righteous
poenas (line 656)
poena, poenae, feminine: punishment, penalty, satisfaction, revenge, vengeance
posita (line 681)
pono, ponere, posui, positum: put, place (aside); found, establish; bury
puppibus (line 418)
puppis, puppis, feminine: stern; ship, vessel, galley
quercum (line 441)
quercus, quercus, feminine: oak
quo (line 429)
quo: whither, where(fore), whereby
regnum (line 432)
regnum, regni, neuter: royal power, kingdom, realm, rule, sway, sovereignty
ruat (line 669)
ruo, ruere, rui, ruitus: fall; rush; sink; plow
super (line 684)
super (+ ABLATIVE or ACCUSATIVE): above, beyond, left, in addition, upon, concerning, about
tempora (line 423)
tempus, temporis, neuter: time; occasion, crisis
tendit (line 446)
tendo, tendere, tetendi, tentus: stretch; hasten, strive, (ex)tend, aim; tent
trahens (line 701)
traho, trahere, taxi, tractus: drag (out), draw (in), lead, protract, spend
ullas (line 439)
ullus, ulla, ullum: any, any one
ut (line 681)
ut: as, when; that, so that; how
vita (line 705)
vita, vitae, feminine: life, soul, spirit

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