cueFlash

Glossary of ABeka History 7 - Unit 2, Chap. 6 Checkup

Start Studying! Add Cards ↓

(p.71) Who was the ancestor of the Greeks?
Japheth's son Javan
(p.71) Where did the Mycenaeans flourish?
on the mainland of Greece
(p.71) For what purpose did the Mycenaeans use the sea?
for adventures in piracy and war.
(p.71) What marked the beginning of the Greek "dark age"? Who invaded Greece at this time? What signaled the end of this "dark age"?
Cities were suddenly destroyed and left in ruins, and writing stopped. Dorians. reappearance of writing.
(p.71) Where did the Greek supposedly live?
Mount Olympus
(p.71) Who was the king of the gods?
Zeus
(p.71) How did the Greek gods differ from all previous gods?
They were the product of a poetic genius.
(p.71) What was the main difference between a god and a hero?
Heroes were mortal and less powerful
(p.71) What poet probably had more influence upon the thinking of a people than any other man? What are his greatest works?
Homer. the Iliad and the Odyssey
(p.71) Where did the Minoans build their culture?
the island of Crete
(p.74) Where did the small Athenian fleet defeat the great Persian fleet?
Salamis
(p.74) How did geography encourage the developement of seperate, independent cities in Greece?
Mountains and valleys made travel and communication between cities difficult, and the lack of substantial rivers combined with the moist Meditteranean climate made joint irrigation projects impractical and unnecessary.
(p.74) Name a few things that contributed to the Greek unity.
common gods, common interests, war, sports, and politics
(p.74) When were the first Olympic games held?
The Greeks had a common love of sports; the Olympic games became so important that cities would interrupt their warring to attend and then return to the battlefield when the games were over.
(p.74) Where did the Greeks establish colonies?
islands in the Aegean Sea, north of the Aegean in Thrace, and east of the Aegean in Ionia, a religion along the coast of Asia Minor.
(p.74) What persian ruler conquered Ionia?
Cyrus the Great
(p.74) Which Persian ruler launched the first Persian invasion of mainland Greece?
Darius I
(p.74) Which empereror started the second Persian invasion of Greece? What natural barrier slowed his army down as they marched toward Greece?
Xerxes I. the Hellespont
(p.74) Name the narrow pass where the Spartans met the Persians and held them off for two days.
Thermopylae
(p.78) How did the government of Greek cities reflect the structure of Greek families?
One man was resposible for the family religion, and one man was given the responsibility for the worship of the city's gods.
(p.78) What form of government did Sparta have?
Oligarchy
(p.78) What name was given to those in Sparta who did not belong to the ruling class? How did the ruling class spend its time?
Helots. training to fight
(p.78) Describe Spartan education.
extremely harsh and almost entirely physical.
(p.78) Why were the Spartans reluctant warriors?
War made it harder for the small ruling class to control the Helots.
(p.78) Who brought Athenian democracy to its fullest measure?
Pericles
(p.81) What was the war between Athens and Sparta called?
the Peloponnesian War
(p.81) What advantages did the Athenians have over the Spartans? What advantages did the Spartans have over the Athenians?
money and naval power. land power
(p.81) What great catastrophe robbed the Athens of its leader?
a plague
(p.81) What happened in 405 B.C. that led to Athens's surrender in 405 B.C.?
The Athenian navy was caught off gaurd and destroyed
(p.81) What city defeated Sparta in 371 B.C., enagling the cities of Greece to regain their independence?
Thebes
(p.81) What does philosopher mean? What part of Greek life did the philosophers call into question?
"lover of wisdom" Greek polytheism and anthropomorphism
(p.81) What pilosopher ridiculed Greek polythism in the sixth century B.C.? What does anthropomorphism mean?
Xenophanes. ascribing human characteristics to non human things
(p.84) What did Macedonian kings admire about Greece? How did the Greeks feel about the Macedonians?
They admired Greek culture, including the works of the philosophers. They considered them barbarians
(p.84) What Macedonian king conquered almost all of Greece?
Philip II
(p.84) How did Daniel describe Alexander in his prophecy?
a goat with a single, powerful horn - engraged animal shattering and trampling everything in its path
(p.84) When did Alexander conquer Susa, the Persian capital?
December 331 B.C.
(p.84) Who was Alexander's tutor?
Aristotle
(p.84) How did Alexander treat the lands and people he had conquered?
He tolerated local customs, but he always introduced Greek culture
(p.84) What is the name for the period between Alexnder's conquests and the Roman Empire?
Hellenistic Age
(p.84) What name did Alexander give to 16 of the cities he built throughout his empire? Wher was the most famous of these cities located?
Alexanria. Egypt
(p.84) How old was Alexander when he died? Wher did he die? When?
almost 33. Babylon. 323 B.C.
(p.84) What four generals divided Alexander's empire after his death? Which section of the empire did each general receive?
Ptolemy, Antipater, Laomedon, Seleucus. Ptolemy-Egypt; Anti-pater-Macedonia; Laomedon-Syria; Seleucus-eastern half of the Fertile Crescent

Add Cards

You must Login or Register to add cards