Glossary of ABeka History 7 - Unit 2, Chap. 6 Bold Words

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(p.72) Olympic games
the Greeks began to hold the --- every four years in honor of Zeus.
(p.72) 776 B.C.
the first Olympic games took place in---, the first recorded date in Greek history.
Thus Greek colonies appeared on islands in the Aegean sea, north of the Aegaean in ----.
(p.73) Ionia
east of the Aegaean in ---, a religion along the coast of Asia Minor.
(p.73) Cyrus the Great
soon after --- added Lydia to his Persian Empire in 546B.C., he conquered Ionia
(p.73) Darius I
the Ionians revolted against the Persians in 499B.C. -----, the new Persian king, crushed the Ionian revolt and demanded that the mainland Greeks submit to him.
(p.73) Athens, Eretria, and Sparta
Determined not to be absorbed by the Persian Empire, the cities of ------- refused Darius's demands
(p.73) Marathon
about a day's march north of Athens.
(p.73) Xerxes
Darius's son determined to avenge his father and conquer the Greeks.
(p.73) Hellespont
a strait where Europe and Asia Minor are less than one mile aprt, Sparta organized an alliance of 30 Greek cities.
(p.74) Leonidas
under the Spartan king ---, the Greeks decided to block the Persian advanced toward Athens at Thermopylae
(p.74) Thermopylae
a narrow mountain pass in the centeral Greece about six miles from the Aegaean Sea.
(p.70) Dorians
Invaders from the north, known in the world history as --- probably hastened the destruction, but the violent Mycenaeans no doubt contributed to their own downfall.
(p.70) Homer
This new culture was greatly influenced by the work of one man, the blind poet --.
(p.70) Smyrna
He probably lived during the 700s B.C., perhaps on the island of Crete or in the city of -----.
(p.70) Mount Olympus
From Homer, the Greeks learned of the gods who supposedly lived on ------.
(p.70) Poseidon
had a close connection with the moon
(p.70) Zeus
These gods closely resemble those of other peoples. --- reminiscent of Babylon's Marduk, was the king of these gods.
(p.70) Apollo
had a close connection with the sun.
had a close connection with the sea
(p.70) Heros
were glorified human beings; they differed from the gods only in that they were mortal (they could die) and less powerful.
(p.70) Achilles and Odysseus
Homer's heros were men of unusual ability and tremendous bravery such as ------ both great warriors in the Greek mythology.
(p.71) Polis
city - state
(p.71) Acropolis
The typical polis surrounded a hilltop fortess called the ----, the -- served as a seat of government and religion.
(p.71) Agora
a marketplace
(p.71) Gymnasium
Most Greek cities also had a ---, a place of physical training and games of skill
(p.71) Amphitheater
an outdoor theater
(p.69) Japheth
himself went to Greece, for people were already living there very early in the world history.
(p.69) Minoans
the earliest civilazation in the vicinity of Greece was that of -----.
(p.69) Crete
the Minoans were centered on the island of ---.
(p.69) Knossos
Minoan civilization produced such impressive structures ans the palace at ----, which occupied more than four acres and contained an excellent plumbing system.
(p.69) Mycenaeans
the --- flourished on the mainland of Greece between about 1600 and 1200 B.C.
(p.69) Mycenae
the fortress city of ---, for which they were named, was surrounded by walls 10 feet thick; royal tombs outside the city also demonstrate great architectural skill.
(p.69) Troy
Mycenaeans once burned done the city of --- on the coast of Asia Minor after a 10-year war.
(p.74) Monarchy
rule by one.
One man was responible for the family religion, and one man was given responsibilty for the worship of the city's gods.
(p.75) Aristocracy
the family heads as a group began to rule the cities directly.

Rule by the "best"
(p.75) oligarchy
----- means rule by a few rather than one or many. In practice, however, it meant rule by a few rich men.
(p.75) Tyranny
a bad form of one-rule.
(p.76) Democracy
rule by the many or the common people. In practice however, it meant rule by the poor.
(p.76) Helots
the largest class of all was that of ---, the common laborers who farmed the land for the ruling class.
(p.77) Peloponnesian League
joined Athens and her allies to ward off the Persian invasion.
(p.77) Solon
an aristocrat who introduced democratic principels to athenian government.
(p.77) Pericles
an aristocrat who dominated Athens from 461 to 429 B.C., brought the Athenian democracy to its fullest measure.
(p.77) representative democracy
the people elect a few men who represent them in the government.
(p.77) direct democracy
the people themselves made the big decisions of government directly, rather than indirectly through representatives.
(p.78) Delian League
the Athen's defensive alliance.
(p.80) Socrates
the first philosopher to insit that morality, or proper conduct, is a part of philosophy.
(470-399 B.C.)
(p.80) Plato
one of Socrates students, inspired by Socrates, to become the gretest philosopher of all times. (428 - 347 B.C.)
(p.80) Dialogues
plato wrote thirty or more works called----.
(p.81) Aristotle
(384-322 B.C.) plato's most famous pupil. recongnized order, design, or purpose in the universe.
(p.81) Macedonia
loomed on the northern fringes of Greece
(p.81) Philip II (359 B.C.)
became the king of Macedonia. He was determined to do what no one, Greek or barbarian, had ever done - become the master of all Greece.
(p.82) phalanx
a large group of foot soldiers armed with spears and shields, trained to charge the enemy as a group.
(p.82) Olympias
Philip's jealous wife who killed him.
(p.820 Alexander
Philp's son - known in world history as Alexander the Great - became the new king at the age of 20
(p.82) Babylon
Alexander entered Babylon in the autumn of 331 B.C., and by December, he had thaken Susa
(p.82) Susa
the Persian capital
(p.82) Persepolis
the chief city of the Persian homeland, fell in 330 B.C.
(p.83) Hellenic
helenic is derived from Hellens another name for the Greeks
(p.83) Hellenic Age
the period of several hundred years between Alexander's conquest and the Roman Empire
(p.83) Alexandria
Alexander built the first and most famous -- in Egypt
(p.83) Ptolemy
took Egypt
(p.83) Antipater
took Macedonia
(p.83) Laomedon
took Syria
(p.83) Seleucus
took the eastern part of the fertile cresent

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