Glossary of ABeka History 7 - Unit 2, Chap. 5 Bold Words
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- (p.56) Assyria
- originally a small area in the rolling hill country of the upper Tigris River valley.
- (p.56) Assyrians
- named after Shem's son.
- (p.56) Asshur
- Shem's son. Built the city of Assur.
- (p.56) Semites and Hamites.
- the people who established the Assyrian empire.
- (p.56) Nineveh
- Ham's grandson Nimrod had evtered Assyria at an early date and led in the building of the city of --- which later replaced Assur as the capital of the Assyrian Empire.
- (p.56) Tiglath-pileser III
- The Assyrian drive to build a world empire began in earnest during the 700s B.C. under ---- (ruled 745-727 B.C.) By the late 600s B.C., the Assyrian controlled nearly all of the fertile cresent, part of central Asia Minor, and Egypt.
- (p.57) Shalmaneser V
- the Assyrian king, deported the ten tribes of the Northern Kingdom of Israel.
- (p.57) Ashurbanipal.
- (ruled 669-626 B.C.) the last great Assyrian king, collected a library of 100,000 cuneiform clay tablets. The library included records of as memorable literature from Mesopotamia such as the story of Gilgamesh.
- (p.58) Jonah.
- the jewish prophet --- warned Nineveh of God's coming judgment, and for a while the Assyrians repented and believed in God, but they soon resumed their vain rebellion.
- (p.58) Sennacherib
- the Assyrian king --- (ruled 705-681B.C.) boasted that the God of Judah could do no better than the gods of the peoples he had already conquered.
- (p.58) Chaldeans
- soon came from the southern end of Mesopotamis and established a kingdom at Babylon.
- (p.58) Medes
- from the east
- (p.58) Chaldeans, Medes, Scythians
- Chaldeans: from southern Mesopotamia. Medes: from the east.
Scythians: from the north.
combined to attack, using cavalry forces that the Assyrian infantry could not match for mobility and stricking power.
- (p.58) Nahum
- producted the fall of Nineveh in 612 B.C.
- (p.58) King Nabopolassar
- (ruled from 625 to 605 B.C.), formed an alliance with the Medes and the Scythians who had overthrown the Assyrian Empire
- (p.58) New Babylonian Empire
- Under his leadership, the Chaldeans conqured all of Mesopotamia and established the Chaldean Empire, sometimes called the Second, or ----(Hammurabi's Babylonian Empire was the First or Old Babylonian Empire.
- (p.58) Nebuchadnezzar
- Under Nabopolassar's son ____ (ruled 605-562B.C.), the Chaldeans conquered the western part of the fertile cresent, including the Southern Kingdom of Judah. He also destroyed Jerusalem and carried the inhabitants of Judah away to captivity in Babylon, the capital city of the new empire.
- (p.59) Daniel
- one of the captives, eventually became the chief adviser to Nebuchadnezzar.
- (p.59) Hanging Gardens
- a structure of receding terraces supported by arches and columns and filled with flowers and trees. Nebuchadnezzar built the gardens for his wife, who missed the greenery of her mountainous homeland to the northeast in the land of the Medes.
- (p.60) Nabonidus
- Nebuchadnezzar never turned from God again, but by the time of his son ---- (ruled from 556-539B.C.), the Chaldeans were openly blaspheming God.
- (p.60) Belshazzar
- Because Nabonidus, the last Chaldean king, cared more for travel than for government, he appointed his son----- to handle the actual business of government for him in Babylon.
- (p.60) Medes and Persians
- invaded the city, and Belshazzar was killed.
- (p.61) Indo-Europeans
- probably descended from Noah's son Japheth, whose descendants are sometimes called ----. The ---- settled the continent of Europe and even reached as far as India in Asia.
- (p.61) Cyrus the Great
- The Persian's situation changed drastically, however, when ----- began to lead them.
- (p.61) Between 559 and 550 B.C.
- Cyrus united the Persians and led them to victory over the Medes.
- (p.62) Lydians
- were espesially worried, an important people in Asia Minor that the Medes had tried but failed to subdue.
- (p.62) Isaiah
- prophet, hundreds of years before, had written that God would be Cyrus's ally in world conquest. By 539 B.C., the Chaldeans and as a result controlled all of Asia Minor and the fertile cresent.
- (p.62) Darius (522-486 B.C.)
- after some people around Judah tried to stir up the Persians angainst the Jews, ---- was reminded of Cyrus's commandment. --- even added that tax money would be used to pay for the rebuilding of the temple.
- (p.63) Royal Road
- the great "highway" of the Persian Empire was the ---- which streched over 1600 miles from Susa, the Persian capital, to Sardis, a city in Asia Minor
- (p.64) Xerces (486-464 B.C.)
- murdered in his bed.
- (p.64) Artaxerxes I (464-424 B.C.)
- killed his elder brother to aquire the throne.
- (p.64) Darius II (423-404 B.C.)
- killed several brothers
- (p.64) Artaxerxes II (404-358 B.C.)
- all the provinces banded together to attempt his overthrow
- (p.64) Artaxerxes III (359-338 B.C.)
- poisoned by a palace assistant.
- (p.64) Arses (338-336 B.C.)
- murdered along with his entire family.
- (p.64) Darius III (336-330 B.C.)
- killed by his own men as he ran to escape the new world conquerors from the west, Alexander the Great and the Greeks.
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