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Glossary of ABeka History 7 - Unit 1, Chap. 4 Chapter Review

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Because God was with them, the Isarelites were able to defeat the ___ while traveling toward Sinai.
Amalekites
Moses received the Ten Commandments on Mount ___.
Sanai
God chose ___ to lead Israel after Moses' death.
Joshua
God parted the waters of the ___ so that the Israelites could cross over into Canaan.
Jordan River
The walls of ___ fell at the sound of trumpets and shouts.
Jericho
The wise leader ___ warned against the dangers of having an earthly king.
Samuel
The first earthly king of Israel was ___.
Saul
The greatest earthly king of Israel, and one of the greatest kings of any age, was ___.
David
King ___ asked for wisdom.
Solomon
The Northern Kingdom was called ___.
Israel
The Southern Kingdom was called ___.
Judah
The Northern Kingdom fell in the 700s B.C. to the ___.
Assyrians
The ___ were merchants who established trade routes and colonies throughout the Mediterranean world.
Phoenicians
Two of the independent Phoenician cities were ___.
Tyre and Sidon
One Phoenician trading post which grew into a large city was ___.
Carthage
Historians who doubted the existence of the warlike ___ described in the Bible changed their minds because of archaelogical discoveries in the 20th century.
Hittites
The area between the Black Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Euphrates River is known as ___.
Asia Minor
The decline of Hittite power began when the Assyrians burned ___.
Hattusas
What river marked the northernmost extent of Israel's influence?
Euphrates River
What natural boundary separated Israel from Phoenicia?
Mountains of Lebanon
Name another of Israel's western neighbors.
Philistia
What body of water marked the southernmost extent of Israel's influence?
Gulf of Aqaba
Name two Phoenician trading posts on the northern coast of Africa.
Hippo, Carthage
At Mount Sanai, God made a(n) ___ (a solemn agreement) with Israel.
covenant
A government ruled by God is called a(n) ____.
theocracy
The basic rules of right and wrong, good and evil, are called ___.
principles of morality
The Ten Commandments are also known as the ____.
Decalogue
God chose leaders called ___ to guide Israel through its first 300 years in Canaan.
judges
The Phoenicians used sea snails called ___ to make a valuable purple dye.
murex
The Phoenicians' most valuable contribution to world history was the ___ they carried with them as they traded throughout the Mediterranean.
alphabet
The Hittites were aided in battle by strong weapons made of ___.
iron
Did the Phoenicians and the Hittites make any lasting contributions to world history? Explain.
Since the Hittites lived only for war and conquest, their influence on world history is minimal, and much of their history, save what is recorded in the Bible, has been forgotten. Similarly, the Phoenicians lived for personal gain, but through trade rather than war. Through their business ventures, they unknowingly spread the early alphabet that would eventually be used by the Greeks to develop the Greek alphabet, in which language the New Testament was written.
What contributions did Israel make to mankind?
Israel had a profound influence on mankind. Israel was a light in a dark world, proclaiming the truth of God, the Ten Commandments. The Savior of the world, Jesus Christ, would be an Israelite.
The Southern Kingdom fell in the 500s B.C. to the ___.
Chaldeans

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