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Glossary of ABeka History 7 - Unit 1, Chap. 4 Bold Words

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(p.40) Sinai Penensula
A barren land of rocks, sand dunes, mountains, and an occasional oasis, Sinai also contained fierce warrior tribes.
(p.40) Amalekites
Suffered defeat as God's power flowed through Mose's staff.
(p.40) covenant
God and Israel made a covenant (solemn agreement)
(p.40) Mount Sinai
Where God and Israel made a covenant
(p.40) When did God become the King of Israel?
When the Israelites fully agreed to this.
(p.41) theocracy
rule by God
(p.41) Laws of Moses
the laws given at Mount Sinai are sometimes called _____, Israel had no doubt that God was the author of the laws and that Moses was merely God's messenger.
(p.41) principles of morality
the basic rules of right and wrong, good and evil.
(p.41) Ten Commandments or the Decalogue
The first ten of God's laws known as the ____ (the ten words), briefly state the principles of morality.
(p.42) Joshua
God chose _______ to be the new leader. As a military man, Joshua was well suited for the conquest of Canaan.
(p.43)Jordan River
A series of miracles began when Joshua led the people across the ____ into Canaan while God held the waters back.
(p.43) Jericho
The heavily fortified city that soon fell at the sound of trumpets and shouts.
(p.43)How long did Israel repeatedly departe from God?
300 years
(P.44) Samuel
God called him to lead Israel from oppresion of the Philistines.
(p.44) Saul
God selected him to be king. At first a very humble man, He soon showed other sides of his character when he began to disobey the instructions God gave him. After ruling for about 40 years, He came to a tragic death on the battlefield.
(p.44) Judges
The leaders of Israel during its first 300 years in Canaan.
(p.44) David
God chose him to be the next king of Israel. David ruled for 40 years and became one of the greatest earthly kings in history. With God's support, King David led Israel to the peak of its greatness as a nation-state.
(p.44) Solomon
David's son, Solomon, inherited the great kingdom the God had built during David's reign. David's knowledge knowledge of war and polotics had, with the blessing of God, allowed Israel to become perhaps the greatest world power in the 10th century B.C. It was now Solomon's task to rule this nation-state wisely. God offered Solomon any gift of his choice. Recognizing his inability to rule God's people, Solomon asked for the wisdom to govern Israel. God granted this wish and also promised Solomon much wealth and honor.
(p.46) Northern Kingdom
Israel
(p.46) Southern Kingdom
Judah
(p.46) The writng of the Bible had begun.
There was still cause for hope for Israel and all mankind.
(p.46) Assyrian Empire
the Nouthern Kingdom, fell in the 700's B.C. to the ______
(p.46) Chaldean Empire
the Southern Kingdom, fell in the 500's B.C. to the ____.
(p.46) Phoenicia
was a narrow 200-mile long strip of land along the Mediterranean Sea in northern Canaan the the Israelites never occupied.
(p.46) Phoenicians
The people who lived in Phoenicia are remembered as _____
(p.47) Tyre and Sidon
the Phoenicians lived in a group of independent cities such as __ and___ that never became an emipre of cities or a nation state. They were more interested in buisness and commerce than in conquest and politics.
(p.47) Prosperous sea traders
Phoenicians used their central location between Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the world of the Mediteranean Sea to the west.
(p.47) Murex
a kind of sea snail from which the Phoenicians learned to make dye for their wool and silk cloth.
(p.47) cedar trees
In the moutain forests to the east, fir and _____ frew.
(p.48) Who established a great network of trading posts?
the Phoenicians
(p.48) Carthage
settlements eventually grew into great and important cities such as ____ over a thousand miles west of Canaan.
(p.48) alphabet
Phoenicians carried with them on their trading ventures an ____, which they simply gave away.
(p.48) Greeks
took the free gift of the Phoenicians and developed a true alphabet with symbols for the basic sounds of consonants and vowels. This alphabet formed the basis for the written Greek language which at the time of Christ was the universl "secon language" of the world.
(p.48) Hittites,
another interesting neighbor of Israel, were almost completely forgotten in world history.
(p.48) Asia Minor
a peninsula of western Asia between the Black Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Euphrates River.
(p.49) Hittites
used their resources for war and conquest. They learned how to work with iron, in their land and were among the first in world history to make iron weapons, which were much stronger than the bronze weapons of their enemies.
(p.50) Hattusas
Hittite power began to decline about 1200 B.C. after invaders burned their capital city.

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