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Glossary of ABeka History 7 - Unit 1, Chap. 3 bold words

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(p. 26) Whay are huge tombs called?
pyramids
(p.26) What is a large stone statues with the heads of men, rams, or hawks and the bodies of lions called?
sphinxes
(p.26) What is " sacred carvings", the strange writting of the ancient Egyptians called?
hieroglyphics
(p.27) Who became the adopted son of the king's daughter, and became the leader of the Isrealites as God delivered the nation from slavery?
Moses
(p.26) Who became the chief assistant to an Egyptian king when he interpreted the king's dreams, and prepared Egypt for a seven year world wide famine, foretold in the king's dreams?
Joseph
(p.27) What Stone was accidentally uncovered by french soldiers, and contains a message carved in three different languages, hieroglyphics, demotic, and Greek?
Rosetta Stone
(p.27) What French scholar worked for 14 years until he had solved the riddle of the Rosetta Stone?
Jean Francis Champollion
(p.28) What river is the longest river in the world?
Nile River
(p.28) What is the one of the most fertile ares in the world?
delta
(p.26) Whos accomplishments in many respects equaled or excelled the accomplishments of Mesopotamia? After he settled in Egypt.
Mizraim Ham's son
(p.26) What Greek historian viewed the ruins of Egypt in the fifth century B.C. and wrote of his impressions?
Herotus
(p.28) What played an important role in Egypt just as in Mesopotamia?
Irrigation
(p.28) What was the greatest gift of the Nile to Egypt?
the fertile soil it left behind
(p.29) What rapids in the south prevented the Nile from being used to invade Egypt?
cataracts
(p.29) What is the name for the plants that grew along the river banks, the Egyptians made boats, baskets, boxes, mats, sandals, and furniture, as well as paper with?
Papyrus
(p.29) What is the study of the relics and ruins of ancient cultrures?
Archaeology
(p.30) Egyptians also worshiped their kings called?
pharaohs
(p.31) Name the Egyptian's belief in an afterlife that also led them to preserve bodies through what process?
mummification
(p.32) How was early Egypt divided into two main parts?
Lower Egypt in the north included the delta area, and the Upper Egypt in the south extended to the first cataract.
(p.32) Both parts of Egypt were divided into what the Greeks latter called what?
nomes
(p.32) Who was Menes?
He was the king that Upper Egypt united under and he became the first pharaoh of all Egypt
(p.32) What is Memphis?
a city that Menes had built to be his capital near wher Lower and Upper Egypt meet.
(p.32) what is a dynasties?
families within which the right to be king passed from one member to the other
(p.32) What is the name for the earliest tombs the pharaohs had built for themselves?
mastabas
(p.33) What was the first and largest pyramid called? Who was it built for?
Great Pyramid, Khufu
(p.33) Who was the second largest pyramid at Giza built for?
Khafre
(p.33) Who was the third pyramid at Giza built for?
pharaoh Menkaure
(p.33) When were mortuary temples built?
During the time that Egypt ruled an empire.
(p.33) Who was the most famous and beautiful mortuary temple built for?
Hatshepsut
(p.33) Who perfered large structures, particullarly of himself?
Rameses II
(p.34)Tutankhamen
Known as King Tut; Became pharaoh of Egypt as a teenager.
(p.35) tribute
a payment from one nation to another.
(p.35) Thutmose III
The Egyptian empire reached its greatest extent under Thutmose III.
(p.35) Vizier
The chief assistant to the pharaoh
(p.35) Nobles and Priests
Made up the upper class of Egyptian society.
(p.35)craftsmen, scribes, and soldiers.
made up the middle class of Egypt.
(p.36) farmers and slaves.
made up the bottom of the social scale of Egypt.

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