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Glossary of ABeka History 7 - Unit 1, Chap. 3 Checkup

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(31)In what areas did the Egyptians make great advances?
medicine and art
(31) Why were Egyptian tombs well stocked with everyday household items?
Egyptians thought that the mummified bodies would need these things to survive in the afterlife.
(31) What did the Egyptians believe about life after death?
They believed in life after death, but were uncertain what this afterlife would be like. They supposed the afterlife would be much like this life.
(31) Why did the king of Egypt fear the Israelites and eventually enslave them?
because of their rapid increase in numbers
(31) What are the huge tombs of ancient Egypt called?
pyramids
(31) What discovery led to the deciphering of hieroglyphics, and who deciphered them?
The Rosetta Stone led to the deciphering, and Jean Francis Champollion deciphered them.
(31) Why have so many relics of ancient Egypt survived for thousands of years?
The land is hot and dry and almost never eceives any rain.
(31) How did the Nile make Egypt fertile?
Every year in June, the Nile rose and flooded the valley. Soon, the life-giving water had returned to its normal channels, leaving behind more than 10,000 square miles of cultivable soil.
(31) Name some gifts of the Nile. What was the most important gift? Why?
fertile soil, transportation, building materials. Fertile soilw was the most important gift because Egypt was a breadbasket for the ancient world.
(31) What natural barriers helped to prevent foreign invasions of Egypt?
deserts and cataracts
(37) Who united Upper and Lower Egypt?
Menes
(37) What are the three main divisions of ancient Egyptian history?
(1) the Old Kingdom, (2) the Middle Kingdom, and (3) the New Kingdom
(37) When did Egypt cease to be a major power?
about 1000 B.C.
(37) Which three pharaohs built pyramids at Giza?
Khufu, Khafre, Menkaure
(37) Whose pyramid is the largest?
Khufu's
(37) What type of tomb because popular after the pyramids?
temples
(37) Who was the only female pharaoh?
Hatshepsut
(37) What were the pharaohs' main motives for building an empire?
desire for more laborers and more wealth
(37) Under what pharaoh did the Egyptian empire reach its greatest extent?
Thutmose III
(37) What were the boundaries of the empire during the rule of Thutmose III?
from the Euphrates River in the north, deep into Africa in the south
(37) Explain how Egypt was one huge bureaucracy.
All Egyptians were in a sense the pharaoh's assistants
(37) How did Moses become the leader of the Israelite slaves?
When Moses was 40, he killed an Egyptian who was beating an Israelite. He then fled to the wilderness where, 40 years later, God appeared unto him and directed him to return to Egypt. After a series of plagues, Moses led the Israelites in their exodus from Egypt.
(37) What did the 10 plagues demonstrate about Egyptian religion?
The plagues demonstrated the ridiculousness of Egyptian religion.
(37) Why did the pharaoh chase the Israelites?
He could see no alternative for rebuilding his kingdom except through slave labor.
(37) What happened to the Egyptians in the wilderness?
They met their final humiliation when God allowed the waters of the Red Sea to drown them.

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