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Glossary of ABeka History 7 - Unit 1, Chap. 2 Checkup

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(23) What are laws?
rules people follow in living together
(23) Who supposedly authorized Hammurabi to be a lawgiver?
the sun god Shamash
(23) Why is it important that the laws be written down?
so that ignorance will not be an excuse for disobedience
(23) Who are the Patriarchs, and how long did they live in Canaan?
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob; collectively, they lived in Canaan 230 years.
(23) What is a nation-state?
a nation or a people living in its own land with its own government
(23) What one thing made the Patriarchs stand out from the Canaanites?
their recognition of the one true God
(16) What is the thread that we can follow through world history?
God's plan for mankind
(23) How did the lack of a central, unified government in Canaan help Israel?
It made it easier for Israel to develop as a nation during the time of the Patriarchs and to establish a nation-state after her years in Egypt.
(23) Give one example of God's judgment on the lustful people of Canaan.
God destroyed the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah with fire.
(16) What does a "c." before a date indicate?
The date is approximate
(23) How were the Patriarchs similar to the Canaanites? How did they suffer?
They were nomads. They also followed many of the same customs as the Canaanites in matters of inheritance, marriage contracts, children and land. They always maintained their faith in the promises of God and enjoyed a unique relationship with God.
(23) Did Hammurabi's laws treat the rich and poor the same? Explain.
No. Hammurabi put a much lower value on human life; in his laws, material possessions were the most important things, so the rich received special treatment.
(23) How did Hammurabi use religion as a political tool?
To frighten the people into submission, he claimed that the sun god Shamash had given him authority to give the laws to the people.
(16) What event is the greatest turning point in history?
Christ's first coming
(16) Where was Abraham living when God called him to a new land around 2000 B.C.?
Ur
(16) How does the dispersion make studying history more difficult?
So many people in so many places cannot be studied at the same time.
(16) Explain the term for "fertile crescent." What made the eastern part of the region fertile?
The Fertile Crescent is an area in the Middle East known for its ability to grow crops; its shape resembles a crescent moon. The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers make the region fertile.
(16) What does A.D. mean?
Anno Domini or "in the year of our Lord"
(16) What does B.C. stand for?
Before the birth of Christ
(16) Why was Mesopotamia a good name for the eastern part of the fertile crescent? Explain the names of two main rivers in this region.
Mesopotamia means "Land between the Rivers"; Mesopotamia was located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Tigris means "arrow"; this river got its name because it flows almost as "straight as an arrow." Euphrates River helped to make the land fertile.
(20) What was the Sumerians' greatest accomplishment?
writing
(20) What is the difference between a polytheist and a monotheist?
A polytheist is a worshiper of many gods; a monotheist is a worshiper of one god.
(20) How did the Sumerian gods differ from the one true God?
The Sumerians personified forces of nature such as wind and rain or objects of nature such as the sky, sun, and moon, and worshipped them as gods. The Sumerians were also humanists -- they made men into gods.
(20) Why did the Sumerians strive to please their gods?
They believed that men had been created to serve these powerful gods who could bring good or bad things upon them.
(20) How could a Sumerian king demand the obedience of his subjects?
The king demanded obedience by claiming to be the particular slave favored by the god. Anyone who refused to support the king risked bringing the god's wrath upon the whole city.
(20) Who became king of Babylon and united all of Mesopotamia under his rule?
Hammurabi
(20) What was God's promise to Abraham, and what did Abraham's faith begin?
God promised Abraham that his name would be great, for he would be the father of a great nation. Abraham's faith laid the foundation for a new nation.
(20) Which city was the center of the great empire that rose up a few hundred years after Abraham's time?
Babylon
(20) Why did war and struggle exist between Sumerian cities?
because kings often wanted to rule over other cities, just as some gods wished to rule over other gods
What is the thread that we can follow through world history
Gods plan for mankind

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