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Glossary of ABeka History 11 - Chapter 6 - People

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Thomas Paine
English philosopher who published the pamphlet Common Sense in 1776, encouraging Americans to declare their independence
Richard Henry Lee
American statesman who presented a resolution to Congress in 1776 calling for the colonies to declare their independence
John Locke
English political thinker who promoted the "social contract" theory of government; believed that the law of nature is reason; his works, particularly his Two Treatises on Government, greatly influenced the American colonists.
William Blackstone
English political thinker who believed that the law of nature is the will of God; his Commentaries on the Laws of England also had an important influence on the American colonists
George Washington
led the colonial army to victory; presided over the Constitutional Convention; served as the first President of the U.S.
Marquis de Lafayette
French general who became a close and valuable aid to General Washington
Baron von Steuben
Prussian general who helped Washington drill his troops into a disciplined army
Baron de Kalb
German general who helped the patriots and gave his life for the cause of American freedom
Kosciusko and Pulaski
Polish generals who helped the patriots; Pulaski gave his life for American freedom
Robert Morris
appointed by Congress to be superintendent of finance in 1781; obtained a much-needed loan from France
Haym Solomon
Polish Jew who helped Morris obtain French loans and donated his own money to patriot leaders
Sir William Howe
British general who captured New York City in 1776
Admiral Lord Richard Howe
William Howe's brother; aided his brother in the capture of New York
Nathan Hale
young American school teacher who was hanged by the British for spying
General Cornwallis
British general who surrendered to Washington at Yorktown
General John Burgoyne
British general who surrendered to patriot general Horatio Gates at Saratoga
Colonel St. Leger
British colonel who was routed by settlers under the command of patriot general Nicholas Herkimer at the Battle of Oriskany
General Nicholas Herkimer
led a patriot force to victory over British Colonel St. Leger at the Battle of Oriskany
General Horatio Gates
led patriot forces to victory over General Burgoyne at the Battle of Saratoga
Sir Henry Clinton
British general who replaced Sir William Howe as commander of the British forces in America
Molly Pitcher
nickname for Mary Ludwig, who took her husband's place at a cannon in the Battle of Monmouth after he fell
George Rogers Clark
patriot leader who captured the British forts at Kaskaskia, Cahokia, and Vincennes
Joseph Brant
Mohawk chief who helped the British in the American War for Independence
John Paul Jones
American naval hero and captain of the Bonhomme Richard; known for his famous reply, "I have not yet begun to fight."
John Barry
American naval hero known for capturing British warships
"Mad Anthony" Wayne
patriot general known for his reckless courage; recaptured the American fort at Stony Point
Francis Marion
patriot leader called the Swamp Fox; led Southern militiamen against the British
General Thomas Sumter
patriot general called the Fighting Game Cock; led Southern militiamen
General Nathaneal Greene
American general called the Fighting Quaker; regained the South for the patriot cause
Benedict Arnold
patriot leader who turned traitor and plotted to surrender the fort at West Point
Major John Andre
British accomplice to Arnold in his treachery
Admiral de Grasse
French admiral who blocked the entrance to Chesapeake Bay, preventing Cornwallis from receiving any help by sea
County Rochambeau
French general who reinforced Washington's army with 5,000 French troops as the patriots marched to Yorktown

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