Glossary of 8 Cardio TC

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removal of the superficial layers of skin or mucous membrane.
air hunger
dyspnea, difficulty in breathing,
a severe, often constricting pain usually referring to a. pectoris.
(meclizine) antihistamine. prevention and treatment of motion sickness, management of vertigo.
arteriosclerosis obliterans
aretriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) producing naarrowing and occlusion of the arterial lumen.
an inability to coordinate muscle activity during voluntary movement, most often due to disorders of the cerebellum or the posterior columns of the spinal cord, may involve the limbs, head, or trunk. syn ataxy, incoordination.
(levobunolol) Beta-Adrenergic Blocker. lowers intraocular pressure in chronic open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension
restoration of the heart's rhythm to normal by electrical countershock or by medications (chemical cardioversion)
Major elements in responses to stress. pyrocatechols with an alkylamine side chain, examples of biochemical interest are apinephrine, norepinephrine.
(sulindac) analgesic, nonnarcotic, NSAID. management of inflammatory disease, rheumatoid disorders, acute gouty arthritis.
(docusate) stool softener. stool softener for patients who should avoid straining during defecation and constipation associated with hard, dry stools.
(acetazolamide) Anticonvulsant, Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitor. Reduce elevated intraocular pressure in glaucoma, a diuretic, an adjunct to the treatment of refractory seizures and acute altitude sickness,
perspiration, excretion of fluids by sweat glans of the skin.
a disturbance or absence of equilibrium.
difficulty breathing.
pedal edema
swelling of the feet caused by excess acumulation of fluid in the body.
pitting edema
edema that retains for a time the indentation produced by pressure.
pretibial edema
edema in the anterior portion of the leg.
ejection fraction
the fraction of the blood contained in the ventricle at the end of diastole that is expelled during its contraction, the stroke volume divided by end-diastolic volume, normally 0.55(by electrocardiogram) or greater. with the onset of congestive heart failure, the ejection fraction decreases, sometimes to 0.10 or even less in severe cases.
a condition in which the thyroid gland is functioning normally, its secretion being of proper amount and constitution.
gluten sensitivity
the wheat protein gluten triggers an inflammatory reaction in the small bowel which results in a decrease in the amount of surface area available for nutrient and fluid and electrolyte absorption
a chronic enlargement of the thyroid gland not due to a neoplasm.
a disorder of purine metabolism, occurs especially in men, characterized by a raised level of blood uric acid and severe recurrent acute arthritis of sudden onset resulting from deposition of crystals of sodium urate in connective tissues and articular cartilage.
hepatic inusfficiency
defective functional activity of the liver cells.
Homans sign
pain in the calf when the ankle is slowly and gently dorsiflexed ( with the knee bent), indicative of incipient or established thrombosis in the veins of the leg.
T wave inversion
upside down T wave, the next deflection in the electrocardiogram following the QRS complex, T wave represents ventricular repolarization.
unstable, unsteady, not fixed. an electrode that continues moving after the passage of an electric current.
an electrocardiographic cable with connections within the electronics of the machine designated for an electrode placed at a particular point on the body surface. Anterolateral lead. Inferior
(psyllium) laxative.
(potassium chloride) electrolyte supplement, oral. potassium dificiency, treatment or prevention of hypokalemia.
mitral insufficiency
syn valvular regurgitation, a leaky state of one or more of the cardiac valves, the valve not closing tightly and blood therefore regurgitating through it.
infarction: sudden insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply due to emboli, thrombi, mechanical factors, or pressure that produces a macroscopic area of necrosis, any organ can be affected.
myocardial infarction
infarction of a segment of the heart muscle, usually as a result of occlusion of a coronary artery. syn cardiac infarction, heart attack.
nitroglycerine patch
used as a vasodilator, especially in angina pectoris, generates nitric oxide. an explosive yellowish oily fluid formed by the action of sulfuric and nitric acids on glycerin.
involuntary rhythmic oscillation of the eyeballs, either pendular or with a slow and fast component.
discomfort in breathing that is brought on or aggravated by lying flat.
Parafon Forte
(chlorzoxazone) skeletal muscle relaxant. symptomatic treatment of muscle spasm and pain associated with acute musculoskeletal conditions.
normal, as opposed to pathologic, denoting the various vital processes.
PND in reference to dyspnea
paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea. acute dyspnea appearing suddenly at night, usually waking the patient from sleep, caused by pulmonary congestion with or without pulmonary edema that results from left-sided heart failure following mobilization of fluid from dependent areas after lying down.
power modulation imaging.
precordial activity
precordia: the epigastrium and anterior surface of the lower part of the thorax.
premature beat
syn extrasystole: a nonspecific word for an extopic beat from any source in the heart.
central venous pressure
(CVP) the pressure of the blood within the venous system in the superior and inferior vena cava cephalad to the diaphragm, normally between 4 and 10 cm of water; it is depressed in circulatory shock and deficiencies of circulating blood volume and increased with cardiac failure and congestion of the venous circulation.
peripheral pulse
temporal, carotid, radial, ulnar, femoral, popliteal, posterior tibial, dorsalis pedis.
R wave
the first positive (upward) deflection of the QRS complex in the electrocardiogram; successive upward deflections within the same QRS complex are labeled R', R", etc.
Raynaud disease
idiopathic paroxysmal bilateral cyanosis (blue coloring of the skin) of the digits due to arterial and arteriolar contraction; caused by cold or emotion.
(temazepam) Benzodiazepine. Treatment of anxiety and as an adjunct in the treatment of depression; also may be used in the management of panic attacks; transient insomnia and sleep latency.
Romberg test
with feet approximated, the subject stands with eyes open and then closed; if closing the eyes increases the unsteadiness, a loss of proprioceptive control is indicated, and the sign is positive.
rumble (of heart)
low-frequency vibration.
S1, S2, etc.
S wave, a negative (downward) deflection of the QRS complex following an R wave; successive downward deflections within the same QRS complex are labeled S', S", etc.
seborrheic dermatitis
a common scaly macular eruption that occurs primarily on the face, scalp (dandruff), and other areas of increased sebaceous gland secretion
high-grade stenosis
a stricture of any canal or orifice.
sternal notch
jugular notch of sternum , the large notch in the superior margin of the sternum.
beneath the clavicle.
beneath the endocardium.
loss of consciousness and postural tone caused by diminshed cerebral blood flow.
TED (hose)
long tight fit stockings, for antiembolism.
thrill (of heart)
a vibration accompnaying a cardiac or vascular murmur that can be palpated.
enlargement of the thyroid gland.
V1, V2, etc.
V lead, a unipolar lead with the central terminal as the indifferent electrode.
valvular heart disease
relating to a valve.
venous insufficiency
inadequate draining of venous blood from a part, resulting in edema or dermatosis.
(diclofenac) Analgesic, Nonnarcotic, NSAID. mild to moderate pain, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, osteoarthritis.

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