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Glossary of 7th - Ondrus - Cell Parts

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Who was the first person to use the word 'cell'?
Robert Hooke
What is the control center of the cell?
nucleus
What is made of cellulose, and provides support to the cell?
cell wall
Who stated that all plants are made of cells?
Matthiaas Schleiden
What does the endoplasmic reticulum do?
the transportation system of the cell
What are Ribosomes?
Ribosomes make proteins.
What are Golgi Bodies?
Golgi Bodies package proteins.
Who is anton van Leeuwonhoek?
First person to see bacteria
What are lysosomes?
Lysosomes digest stuff.
What are chloroplasts?
Chloroplasts contain chlorophyll and make food for a plant cell.
Who is Theodore Schwann?
He stated that 'all animals are made of cells'.
What are microtubules?
Microtubules add support to a cell; they appear and disappear.
Who is Rudolf Virchow?
He stated that 'all cells come from other cells'.
What is the cell membrane?
Controls what goes into the cell and what goes out of the cell.
What are mitochondria?
Mitochondria make energy for the cell. Mitochondria are called the 'powerhouse' of the cell.
vacuole
This expanding and contracting organelle stores water, nutrients and wastes.
mitochondria
These organelles break down glucose to supply the cell with energy.
nucleus
This organelle is the control center of the cell. It contains chromosomes and DNA.
nucleolus
Located in the nucleus, this organelle is made up of RNA and protein.
cell membrane
Plant cell: This is a layer that holds the parts of the cell together and controls movement of materials into and out of the cell.
endoplasmic reticulum
This is a structure that moves material throughout the cell.
lysosome
This small round organelle is involved in digestion.
cytoplasm
Plant cell: This is a substance that fills most of the cell outside of the nucleus and contains the other organelles.
chloroplast
Plant cell: This is a structure that contains chlorophyll, giving the plant its green color, and traps energy from sunlight.
cell wall
Plant cell: This is the tough, nonliving outer layer of each plant cell. It gives the cell shape, strength, and support.
organelle
Plant cell: This is ANY tiny structure in the cytoplasm of the cell that performs a special job.
mitochondrion
one mitochondrion, two or ten mitochondria
::::: This is a structure where food and oxygen react to release energy.
ribosome
This is a organelle that puts together proteins for the cell.

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