Glossary of 5th grade social studies
Other Decks By This User
- What 3 areas of conflict led to a civil war between the North and the South?
- Cultural,Economic, and Constitutional differences
- What main issue divided the Nation?
- Describe the culture of the North.
- Urban society in which people held jobs
- Describe the culture of the south.
- Agricultural society where people lived in small villages farms and plantations
- What was the economic position of the North and why?
- 1. favored tariffs
2. to protect from foreign competition (manufactoring region)
- What was the economic position of the South and why?
- 1. opposed tariffs
2. would raise prices of manufactured goods and might stop England from buying more expensive cotton
- What was the constitutional conflict between the North and South?
- States rights versus strong central government
- The South feared that the North would take control of
- Southerners began to proclain states' rights as a means of_______________
- North believed that the nation was a _________
- The war did not begin as a war to abolish_____________
- slavery, but issues surrounding slavery deeply divided the nation
- What important issue separated the country?
- The power of the Federal government
- Southerns believed they had the power to declare any national law ________
- Northerns believed that the national governments power was __________ over the states.
- Southerners felt that the abolution of slavery would destroy their __________
- Northerners believed that salvery should be abolished for __________ reasons.
- What did the Missouri Compromise of 1820 state?
- Missouri was a slave state and Maine was a free state.
- What did the Compromise of 1850 state?
- California was a free state and the southwest territories could decide about slavery
- What was the basis of the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
- People decided the slavery issue. (Popular sovereignty)
- What happened right after Lincoln's election?
- Southern states seceded from the union
- What marked the beginning of the civil war?
- Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter
- What did Lincoln and many Northerners believe about the nation?
- It could not be separated or divided
- What the Southerners believe about the nation?
- That states could freely leave it
- What type of slave states seceded from the union?
- States dependent on labor-intensive cash crops
- What type of slave states did not secede from the union?
- Northern-most (border) slave states
- Name the states that seceded from the Union.
- Alabama North Carolina
Arkansas South Carolina
- Name the Border states that stayed in the Union.
- Delaware Maryland
- Name the Free states that stayed in the Union.
- California Conneticut
New Hampshire New Jersey
New York Ohio
Rhode Island Vermont
- What happened to the western counties of Virginia who refused to secede from the Union?
- Formed West Virginia
- Facts on Abraham Lincoln
- 1. President of U.S.
2. Opposed to slavery
3. Issued Emancipation Proclamation
4. Determined to preserve the union
5. believed U.S. was one nation not a collection of independent states
- What did Lincoln say in the Gettysburg Address?
- Civil war was to preserve a government "of the people, by the people, and for the people."
- Who was Jefferson Davis?
- President of Confederate States of America
- Who was Ulysses S. Grant?
- Genral of Union army that defeated Lee
- Who was Robert E. Lee?
- Leader of army of Northern Virginia, did not want to fight Virginia.
- What did Lee oppose?
- Succession but did not believe the union should be held together by force
- What did Lee do at the end of the war?
- Urge Southerners to accept defeat and reunite with the union.
- Who was Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson?
- Confederat Gneral and Commandant of Virginia Military Institute
- Who was Frederick Douglass?
- Former slave, became an abolitionist
- What was the first major battle of the war?
- Battle of Bull Run (in Manassas)
- How did signing the Emanicapation Proclamation change the focus of the war?
- Made "free the slaves" the focus
Many slaves joined the union army
- What ended the war?
- Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House in 1865
- What did many die from on the battleground?
- Disease and exposure
- Effects of the war on families and friends.
- Pitted against one another
- Effects of war on the south.
- 1. troups became increasingly younger
2. poorly equiped
3. poorly clothed
- What cities were burned in the south?
- Atlanta and Richmond
- Who was Clara Barton?
- A civil war nurse that created the Red Cross
- Who was left in the south to run business and farms?
- Collapse of the Confederacy did what to Confederate money?
- Made it wothless
- How did the Confederacy use slaves?
- Naval crew members and soldiers
- Did African Americans fight for the Union?
- How were the African Americans treated by the Union Army?
- 1. paid less
2. served in segregated units
under command of whites
- Who was Robert Smalls?
- sailor and Union Naval captain Became a congressman after the civil war.
You must Login or Register to add cards