Glossary of 5th Science CRT - Plants and Seeds
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- a type of seed;
an angiosperm with two cotyledons in each seed;
- a type of seed;
an angiosperm with one cotyledon in each seed
- the sprouting of a seed into a new plant;
when a seed starts to grow into a new plant
- the part of the plant that absorbs water and minerals from the soil and sends them to other parts of the plant;
helps hold the plant in the ground;
stores food for the plant
- when the shoot grows above ground, it grows a ____________ stem;
when the soot grows below ground, it grows a ___________ stem
- the loss of water through a plant's leaves, which draws water up through the plant to replace it
- a green chemical in plant cells that allows plants to use the Sun's energy for making food
- What do plants need to make their own food?
_______, _______, and _______
- water, sunlight, and carbon dioxide
- the food-making process in green plants that uses sunlight
- Why are plants important to the environment?
- Plants release oxygen for animals to breathe. Plants also provide food for animals.
- The process of obtaining and using oxygen in the body.
The release of energy in plants from food (sugar).
- Plants give off _______________ into the air.
A product of photosynthesis.
- the transfer of a pollen grain to the egg-producing part of a plant
- a undeveloped plant with stored food sealed in a protective covering;
what is formed when pollination and fertilization occur
- the part of the flower that is brightly colored and lets off a sweet smell which attracts insects;
(in turn this helps to insure pollination of new plants)
- Name the two general categories of trees.
- broad-leafed and conifers
- Name three ways in which seeds travel.
- What is the importance of seed dispersal (spreading them out)?
- Dispersal of a seed carries the new seed away from the parent or any other competing plants to insure the successful development of the offspring (new plants).
- Name and explain 2 reasons why plants are important.
- Plants give off oxygen that animals and humans need to live.
Plants provide food for animals and humans.
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