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Glossary of 500 key words for SAT

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Abstract
theoretical; not concrete
Abstruse
difficult to understand
Acclaim
praise;applaud
Accolade
an award, or praise
Acquiescent
reluctantly agreeable; compliant
Acrimony
words or behavior filled with harshness or anger
Adamant
refusing to change; stubborn, unyielding
Adroit
skillful in physical activity, or in handling difficult situations
Advocate
support;plead for; speak on behalf of
Affable
friendly; easygoing
Affirmation
positive statement; assertion; agreement
Alienate
to push someone away, or cause him to separate from people
Aloof
detached; apart; indifferent
Altruistic
unselfish; caring
Ambidextrous
able to use both hands with equal skill
Ambiguous
unclear; vague; having several possible interpretations
Ambivalence
indecision; feeling of being pulled in two directions
Ameliorate
to make an unpleasant situation better; to improve
Amity
friendship
Amorphous
without form or shape
Analogous
similar
Anarchy
a lack of order, chaos
Anathema
a religious curse, or the thing or person being cursed
Antagonistic
in hostile competition; opposing
Antiquated
too old to be useful; outdated; obsolete
Antithesis
opposite
Apathy
lack of interest or concern
Apex
top; highest point; summit
Appease
calm; pacify
Arbitrary
selected by random choice and without solid reason
Arcane
secret; mysterious
Archaic
old;antiquated
Arrogant
acting superior, obnoxious, smug or rude
Articulate
Able to speak clearly and effectively
Ascendancy
domination; controlling power
Ascetic
person who rejects physical comfort and luxury for self discipline
Asperity
roughness, hardness, irritability
Assail
attack with words or force
Assiduous
persistent; hard working; diligent; attentive to detail
Assuage
relieve; ease; pacify
Astute
wise; insightfully clever; shrewd
Atrophy
waste away;wither
Audacious
brazen, brash,nervy
Augment
make larger; increase
auspicious
taking place under promising conditions; likely to succeed
Austere
stern; plain; without luxuries
Avarice
greed
Averse
feeling repelled; wanting to avoid
Baleful
harmful; menacing
Banal
boring; trite; insipid
Beguile
to cheat or deceive, usually through charm; also, to amuse
Belie
to give an impression that is the opposite of the way things really are; to misrepresent
Belligerent
having a strong tendency to argue and fight
Benediction
Good wishes; a blessing
Benevolent
Kind hearted; good natured, generous
Benign
gentle, kind hearted, mild
Bequeath
To leave behind or hand down
Blight
decay; disease; widespread death
Bolster
to support, reinforce
Bombast
speech or writing intended to impress the audience; pompous
Brevity
briefness; conciseness
Bumptious
Pushy; obnoxiously self assertive
Cacophony
harshness of sounds; opposite of harmony
Cajole
to fool with flattery or false promises; coax; deceive
Candor
honesty, frankness
Capacious
large; roomy; spacious
Capitulate
surrender, yield
Capricious
unpredictable
Castigate
scold; punish
Caustic
burning, either with chemicals or sarcasm
Celerity
Speed
Censure
to criticize
Chasten
punish, discpline, castigate
Chastise
scold, punish, castigate
Choler
anger
Circumscribe
draw a line around; define limits; confine; restrict
Circumspect
cautious
clemency
mercy
cloister
secluded or isolated
coalesce
unite; grow together
coerce
to force someone by threatening or physically overpowering him
complacent
self satisfied; unconcerned
compliant
following someone else's demands, conforming; obeying
composure
calmness; equanimity
concede
admit reluctantly; yield
concise
short and to the point; terse
concur
agree
condone
to overlook, excuse or pardon
confound
to mix up (in your own mind) or to confuse someone else)
consonance
a blending of sounds or opinions; harmony; agreement
Consummate
to complete or make whole
Contend
to argue a point or position; to struggle for
Contingent
dependent on other circumstances ; conditional
Contract
squeeze together; shrink
contrite
sorry, penitent
conundrum
riddle; mystery
converge
move together to meet at a common point
conviction
an opinion that is strongly held
Convivial
fond of parties; sociable
copious
in large quantity; abundant
Cordial
friendly; welcoming; gracious
Corporeal
having to do with the body or physical world
Corroborate
support with evidence; tell the same story; confirm
Criteria
requirements or standards used to make a decision
Cryptic
hidden; secret; mysterious
culpable
guilty; blameworthy
cupidity
greed, esp. for money
cursory
quickly and incompletely done; superficial
daunted
dismayed; disheartened; discouraged
decadence
moral declay or decline
defame
to say things harmful to a person's reputation; malign; vilify
deference
the act of yielding to someone else out of respect
denounce
criticize; condemn
depleted
emptied; drained; used up
deplore
to express reqret or disapproval; complain; criticize
deprecate
disapprove; belittle
deride
make fun of; ridicule
despondent
feeling hopeless or depressed
despot
tyrant
destitute
poor; lacking possessions
Desultory
lacking a plan; aimless
Dexterity
High level of skill, especially with the hands; adroitness
Diatribe
a bitterly critical speech
Digress
To move away from the main topic when writing or speaking; to go off on a tangent
Dilatory
causing lateness; stalling
Discerning
insightful; perceptive
Disclose
provide information; reveal
Discord
disagreement; dissonance
Discourse
exchange of ideas; converstation
Disdain
a feeling of scorn or contempt
Disparage
say negative things; belittle
Disparate
different
Disperse
spread around; scatter
Dissent
to disagree, especially with the majority, or with an authority
Dissouloution
separation into parts; the process of dissolving
Distended
swollen; extended
Divergence
the act of splitting off into different directions
Diverse
different; various
Dogmatic
sticking to widely-accepted beliefs, even when faced with contrary evidence; closed-minded
Doleful
extremely sad
Eccentric
different from most, especially in personality or behavior
Eclectic
choosing from many different sources; carefully selective
Efface
erase
effervescence
teh q uality of being bubbly or full of life
Efficacy
the ability to produce desired results
Elated
extremely happy; overjoyed
Eloquence
powerfully effective speech
Embellish
to make more beautfiul; decorate or adorn
Emulate
imitate
Endemic
Native to a particular country or among a particular group
Endorse
promote; recommend
Enervate
sap the strengthp; weaken
enhance
intensify; improve
enigma
mystery; puzzle
enmity
mutual hatred
ephemeral
temporary; short lived
Eradicate
remove completly and permanently; esterminate
Erratic
unpredictable; differing from what is normal or expected
Erudition
the knowledge acquired through many years of study
Esoteric
known to, or understood by, a limited group of people
Ethereal
heavenly; fine; delicately beautiful
Eulogize
to praise highly; to extol
Euphemism
a word or phrase that's used to make an unpleasant idea sound better
Evasive
tending to avoid giving direct answers
Exacerbate
to make a bad situation worse
Exalt
raise in rank; elevate; praise
Expunge
erase
Expurgate
to remove offensive words, ideas , or symbols; censor
Extemproaneous
done without planning; improvised
Extol
praise
Extraneous
unnecessary; irrevlevant
Extricate
to free from a trap of difficult situation; to disentangle
Exuberant
uncontrollably joyous
Fallacious
fals; misleading
Fastidious
difficult to please
Fervor
strong passion
Fickle
lacking lyalty; unpredictably changeable; erratic
Flaccid
lacking firmness; soft; limp
Flagrant
openly and obviously evil; glaring; conspicious
Fledgling
beginner
Flippancy
treating a serious situation with arrogant humor or disrespect
Foment
to stir into action; rouse; incite
Foresight
the ability to see ahead, anticipate, or predict
Frugal
careful with money; thrifty
Fulminate
to explode, either with sound or anger
Furtive
sneaky; secretive
Futile
hopelessly ineffective; useless; in vain
Garbled
changed so much that the original meaning has been distorted; scrambled
Garish
flashy; gaudy
Garner
collect; gather; accumulate; earn
Garrulous
very talkative; loquacious
Genial
friendly; gracious; kind
Germane
relevant; fitting
Girth
distance around an object; circumference
Glutton
a person who consumes huge quantities of food or drink, someone with great endurance
Gravity
seriousness
Gregarious
sociable; extroverted; enjoying companionship
Gullible
easily deceived
Hackneyed
unoriginal; trite
Hamper
interfere with movement or progress
Haphazard
withought plan or direction
Harangue
a long, lecturing speech
Harbor
to provide shelter or refurge; hide
Hardy
bold; brave; capable of withstanding harsh conditions
Hedge
to avoid giving a clear answer, therby escaping responsibility or blame
Heed
notice, pay attention to
Heinous
shockingly evil
Heresy
an opinon expressed in defiance of generally accepted ideas
Hiatus
gap; a break in the continuity of a process
Hierarchy
a group of people in authority, ranked in order of power; a sequential listing
Homage
respect paid to someone or something; tribute
Homogeneous
the same throughout; uniform
Hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
Hypocrite
an insincere person; one who pretends to have feelings he doesn't really possess
Idolatry
the worshop of objects or people as gods
Inbue
to fill, as with a strong dye of a strong feeling
Imminent
about to take place, happening soon
immutable
unable to change
Impair
weaken in strength or value
Impasse
a situation form which you cannot escape; stalemate
Impassivwe
without feeling; expressionless
Impede
get in the way; hinder
Impetuous
making quick decisions and takin sudden action; hasty; impulsive
Impostor
pretender
Impudence
rudeness; insolence
Inadvertent
unintentional
Inane
silly; insignificant
Inaugurate
begin; induct into
Incessant
continuous; endless
Inchoate
not yet fully developed
Incite
arouse to action; stir up; foment
Incompatible
incapable of existing together in peace
Incongruous
out of place
Incorrigible
impossible to correct, control, or discipline
Incredulous
unwilling or unable or believe
Indict
charge with a crime; accuse
indigent
very poor
indolent
lazy
induce
cause to happen; bring about
Inert
lacking movement; inactive; sluggish
Infallible
incapable of making a mistake
Infamy
a bad reputation; notoriety
Infer
to figure out, based on given information; conclude; deduce
Infiltrate
penetrate by passing through gapgs; enter secretly and become established, such as a spy might do in an enemy organization
Ingenuous
naive; unsophisticated; inexperienced
Innate
having a quality that arises from within, rather than learned or acquired form the outside; native; inborn
Innocuous
harmless; inoffensive
Innovation
a new idea or product; a new way of doing something that is so much better, it causes others to copy it
Inscrutable
mysterious
Insipid
dull; flat; without sparkle or flavor

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