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Glossary of 3rd Psych Quiz

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conduction hearing loss
Hearing loss caused by damage to the mechanical system that conducts sound waves to the cochlea
nerve hearing loss
Hearing loss caused by damage to the cochlea’s receptor cells or the auditory nerve
Rods
o120 million
oPeriphery location in retina
oHigh sensitivity in dim light
oNo color sensitivity
Cones
o6 million in number
oCenter location in retina
oLow sensitivity in dim light
oColor sensitive
Selective Attention
focus of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
Grouping principles
oProximity—group nearby figures together
oSimilarity—group figures that are similar
oContinuity—perceive continuous patterns
oClosure—fill in gaps
oConnectedness—spots, lines, and areas are seen as unity when connected
Gestalt
a structure, configuration, or pattern of physical, biological, or psychological phenomena so integrated as to constitute a functional unit with properties not derivable by summation of its parts
ESP
The study of paranormal phenomena
Perceptual set
a mental predisposition to perceive one thing and not another
inner ear problems
balance lost
Bottom-up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sense receptors and works up to the brain’s integration of sensory information
Top-down Processing
oInformation processing guided by higher-level mental processes
oAs when we construct perceptions drawing on our experience and expectations

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