Glossary of 2nd Semester History Exam

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a class of powerful, well to do people who enjoy a high social status
a member of a monadic group that herds domesticated animals
a group of people descended from a common ancestor
universal ruler of the Mongol clans
Genghis Khan
most famous european venetian trader to visit china
Marco Polo
one of the professional warriores who served Japanese feudal lords
in feudal Japan, a supreme military commander who ruled in the name of the emperor
the era in European history that followed the fall of the Roman Empire, lasting from about 500 to 1500 also called the medival period
Middle Ages
Charles the Great
a family's payment of one-tenth of income to a church.
a medival poet and musician who traveled from place to place, entertaining people with songs of courtly love
one of the Christian ceremonies in which God's grace is transmitted to people
the body of laws governing the religious practices of a Christian church
Canon Law
A person who holds controversial opinions, especially one who publicly dissents from the officially accepted dogma of the Roman Catholic Church.
the taking away of a person's right of membership in a christian church
pope who issued a call for a holy war, a Crusade, to gain control of the holy land
Urban II
one of the expeditions in which medival Christian warriors sought to recover control of the Holy Land from the Muslims
a roman catholic tribunal for investigating and prosecuting charges of heresy--especially the one active in Spain during the 1400s.
a medieval association of people working at the same occupation which controlled its members wages and prices
the everyday language of people in a region or country.
"Great Charter"--a document guaranteeing basic political rights in England, drawn up by nobles and approved by King John in A.D. 1215
Magna Carta
a division in the medieval Roman catholic Church, during which rival popes were established in Avignon and in Rome.
Great Schism
relating to a social system in which family descent and inheritance rights are traced through the father.
relating to a social system in which family descent and inheritance rights are traced through the mother
Arabic-influenced Bantu language that is used widely in eastern and central Africa
a hard, glassy volcanic rock used by early peoples to make sharp weapons
a period of European history, lasting from about 1300-1600 during which renewed interest in classical culture led to far-reaching changes in art, learning, and views of the world
a true "REnaissance man" painter, sculptor, and scientist. Painted the Mona Lisa, and a religious painting the Last Supper.
Leonardo da Vinci
painter, sculptor, poet, and architect. He designed the St. Peter's Basilica, painted the Sistine Chapel celing, and sculpted the Statue David.
an imaginary land described by Thomas Moore in his book Utopia
a 16th-century movement for religious reform, leading to the founding of Christian churches that rejected the pope’s authority
a monk who wrote 95 Theses (formal statements) and tacked them to the castle door. Began Reformation
Martin Luther
to cancel or put an end to
a member of a Christian church founded on the principles of the Reformation
King of England, had many wives. Strong Roman Catholic who attacked Martin Luther’s teachings.
Henry VIII
the doctrine that god has decided all things beforehand, including which people will be eternally saved
a government in which the ruler is viewed as a devine figure
members of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic religious order founded by Ignatius of Loyola
a person who supports artists, especially
reinvented the movable type; craftsman
Johann Gutenberg
a pardon releasing a person from punishments due for a sin
a member of an elite force of soldiers in the Ottoman Empire
a beautiful tomb in Agra, India built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan for his wife Mumtaz Hahal
Taj Mahal

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