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Glossary of 1st Semester AP English Vocabulary Words

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song of joyful praise or exhaltation
paean
veil or headcovering; burkah
chador
proceeding in a gradual, subtle way; spreading harmful effects
insidious
harsh or corrosive in tone
vitriolic
mournful, dismal, or gloomy to an exaggerated degree
lugubrious
having great wisdom and discernment
sapient
physically painful; keenly distressing to the mind or feelings; piercing
poignant
habitual lazyness; sloth
indolence
using, containing, or marked by harshly abusive censure
vituperative
a scarce supply; a lack; shortage of food; famine
dearth
lasting for a markedly brief time
ephemeral
a scholarly or learned man
pandit/pundit
unselfish concern for the welfare of others; selflessness
altruism
superiority in weight, force, importance, or influence
preponderance
one who has a meek, timid, unassertive nature
milquetoast
a definite liking; a strong inclination
penchant
incapable or seemingly incapable of being fatigued; tireless
indefatigable
a strong feeling of aversion or repugnance
antipathy
scornfully or cynically mocking; sarcastic
sardonic
terse and energetic in expression; precisely meaningful; given to pompous moralizing
sententious
not capable of being persuaded by entreaty; relentless
inexorable
spotlessly clean and fresh
unsullied
immoral or unchaste; unrestrainedly excessive; frolicsome; playful; spoiled
wanton
deviating from the proper or expected course or from what is normal; untrue to type
aberrant
feeling or showing hauty disdain
supercilious
contented to a fault; self-satisfied and unconcerned
complacent
pretentious; showy; boastful
ostentatious
easy and pleasant to speak to; approachable; gentle and gracious
affable
minor weakness or failing of a character
foible
noisily and stubbornly defiant; aggressively boisterous
obstreperous
offense; resentment
umbrage
warlike in manner or temperment; pugnacious; inclined or eager to fight
bellicose
excessively dramatic or emotional
histrionic
state of mental or physical inactivity or insensibility; lethargy; apathy
torpor
excessively ornate or complex in style of language
turgid
foreboding; full of unspecifiable significance; exciting wonder and awe
portentous
grossly wicked or reprehensible; abominable
heinous
abnormally pale or wan complexion; lacking color, radiance or vitality; dull
pallid
a gallant or chivalrous man; a gentleman; a mounted soldier; knight
cavalier
deserving of blame; improper; guilty
culpable
submissive; slavish; of or relaing to servitude or forced labor
servile
to picture falsely; misrepresent; to contradict
belie
having the ring of truth or plausibility but actually false; deceptively attractive
specious
to make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity
augment
a medicine whose effectiveness is unproved; a quack remedy; untested remedy for problems or evils
nostrum
excessively sparing or frugal
parsimonious
seeking and enjoying the company of others; sociable
gregarious
to make known subtly and indirectly; hint
intimate
to allay the anger of; appease; pacify
placate
cut short crisply; detached; composed of abrupt, disconnected parts or sounds
staccato
having or assuming the relationship of child or offspring to parent
filial
extremely careful and precise; concerned with details
meticulous
relating to or resembling an ape or a monkey
simian
seize the day
carpe diem
beginning to exist or appear
incipient
toughened; emotionally hardened
callous
having an offensive odor
fetid
subject to whim; impulsive and unpredicatble
capricious
done routinely and with little interest or care; acting with indifference
perfunctory
uncertain or indecisive as to which course to follow
ambivalent
notorious; ill fame; known widely and usually unfavorably; infamous
notoriety
a person who renounces material comforts and leads a life of self-discipline, especially as an act of religious devotion
ascetic

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