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Glossary of 1st Semester AP English Rhetorical Devices

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the continuation of one line of a poem to the next with no pause
enjambment
a sentence in which the main clause is withheld until the end
periodic sentence
the juxtaposition of sharply contrasting ideas
antithesis
nature reflects character's feelings
pathetic fallacy
a seemingly contradictory statement that may nonetheless be true
paradox
use of identical or equivalent syntactic constructions in corresponding clauses or phrases
parallelism
consecutive clauses or phrases with the same number of syllables/same length
isocolon
inversion of the normal syntactic order or words
anastrophe/inversion
a word, phrase, or whole sentence inserted in the middle of another sentence; punctuation used to break up a series of clauses or phrases for effect
parenthesis
repetition at the beginning of consecutive phrases or clauses
anaphora
repetition at the end of consecutive phrases or clauses
epistrophe
repetition at the both the beginning and end of the same clause
epanalepsis
repetition at the beginning of a phrase of the word with which the previous phrase ended
anadiplosis
the same words of one phrase repeated in reverse order in the next
antimetabole
use of a word or phrase contrary to its normal meaning for ironic effect
antiphrasis
a clause in a complex sentence that cannot stand alone as a complete sentence and functions as either a noun, adjective, or adverb
subordinate clause
when something denotes one thing but refers to a related thing
metonomy
a clause in a complex sentence that can stand alone as a complete sentence
independent clause
repetition of the same sounds or kinds of sounds at the beginning of words
alliteration
repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds
assonance
repetition of consonants or consonant sounds at the ends of words
consonance
one thing representing another; a symbol
metaphor
when two essentially unlike things are compared, often using "like" or "as"
simile
to place certain words or ideas side by side for comparison or contrast
juxtaposition
giving inanimate objects, concepts, ideas, or animals human qualities
personification
words that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to
onomatopoeia
the set of associations implied by a word in addition to its literal meaning
connotation
when exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect
hyperbole
use of vivid or figurative language to represent objects, actions, or ideas
imagery
when a part is used for the whole
synecdoche
to count off or name one by one; list
enumeration

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