Glossary of 1997 VJCL Mythology Test
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- Who was the paternal grandfather of Aeneas, a prominent Trojan himself?
- c. Capys
- What witch-like moon goddess haunts graveyards, causing dogs to howl as she passes?
- d. Hecate
- Who threw himself from a cliff because of a ship's black sails?
- d. Aegeus
- Which sickle-bearing son of Gea finally deposed his father and became ruler of the universe?
- a. Cronus
- Rustling oak leaves spoke the prophecies of Zeus, Where were these trees located, the most famous of Zeus' oracles?
- d. Dodona
- Gea gave birth to three groups of children, the twelve Titans, the three Cylopes, and what set of triplets, who had one hundred hands each?
- d. Hecatoncheires
- According to Hesiod, what Titan, who encircled the earth, father the rivers by Tethys?
- c. Oceanus
- What name was given to Hermes as a leader of souls to the underworld?
b. He of the Ways
- d. Psychopompos
- What god of the heavens did Gea create as her companion?
- b. Uranus
- Which of the following was NOT one of the Spartoi?
- a. Tydeus
- What goddess was known for her jealous attacks against her husband's lovers?
- c. Hera
- What king of the Phaeacians aided Odysseus back to Ithaca?
- c. Alcinous
- Prior to a ballet performance, to which Muse might the dancer pray for inspiration?
- a. Terpsichore
- Who was the only woman to survive the Great Flood?
- d. Pyrrha
- Which god's entourage included Phobos, Deimos, and Eris?
- d. Ares
- What bronze watchman of Crete was destroyed by Medea when she charmed a screw out of his foot causing him to bleed to death?
- b. Athamas
- Who had the epithets Anadyomene, Pontia, and Cythereia?
- D. Aphrodite
- What god could sneak up on you when least expected because of a helmet of invisibility which he possessed?
- c. Hades
- Which of the Danaids, breaking the orders of her father, was the only one not to kill her husband on their wedding night?
- d. Hypermnestra
- What daughter of Peneus was transformed into a laurel tree because of Apollo's relentless pursuit?
- b. Daphne
- Who carried the poison robe, which Deianareia had unknowingly prepared, to Hercules?
- a. Lichas
- Because he did not heed his father's warning, what boy flew too close to the sun on wings of feather and wax? (The wax melted and he fell into the sea, which now bears his name)
- b. Icarus
- On what island did Helios pasture his cattle and sheep?
- c. Thrinacia
- Who, as the fairest of gods or the facilitator of love, could determine the course of lives by the prick of his golden or lead-tipped arrows?
- b. Eros
- What Trojan hero escaped from the war and went over land to Italy, where he founded patavium?
- c. Antenor
- Who was the lord over Zephyrus, Notus, and Boreas?
- c. Aeolus
- What couple was transformed into kingfishers?
a. Pygmalion and Galatea
b. Orpheus and Eurydice
c. Ceyx and Alcyone
d. Hero and Leander
- c. Ceyx and Alcyone
- What king of Corinth was punished in the underworld, having to forever roll a rock up hill, for dog-chaining death to a tree, thus preventing the god from taking his life as well as those who suffered throughout the world?
- a. Sisyphus
- Who, convinced by her sisters that she had married a monster, betrayed her husband by sneaking a peek at him by the light of a candle? She was discovered when wax fell on his back.
- c. Psyche
- What scoundrel, whose name means "the stretcher," forced visitors to his inn to fit his bed either by stretching the short of loppin goff part of the tall? He was finally beaten at his own game by Theseus.
- a. Procrustes
- Who, rescued by a flying horse, was the only surviving members of the seven against Thebes?
- a. Adrastus
- What poor hunter was unfortunate enough to witness Artemis bathing and was turned into a stag by the enraged goddess? His hounds then turned on him and tore him to pieces.
- d. Actaeon
- Daedalus was exiled from Athens on the suspicion that he had killed his nephew. Who was this boy, who was transformed into a partidge?
- d. Perdix
- Which goddess kindly gave up her throne to sit beside the hearth when Dionysys arrived at Olympus?
- b. Hestia
- What shepherd was given the task of judging the beauty contest between Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite?
- d. Paris
- What prophet advised the Greeks to sacrifice Iphigenia?
- b. Calchas
- What river of fire in the underworld surrounded Tartarus?
- c. Phlegethon
- Whose widow killed Helen because the widow's husband had died in the Trojan war?
- b. Tlepolemus
- During which of his labors was Hercules assisted by his nephew Iolaus?
a. the Augean stables
b. the Hydra
c. the golden apples of the Hesperides
d. the mares of Diomedes
- b. the Hydra
- What queen, because she foolishly boasted that her daughter was more beautiful that the Nereids, was forced the offer her daughter, Andromeda, for sacrifice to a sea monster?
- b. Cassiopeia
- Whose wedding was disrupted by the battle between the Lapiths and the Centaurs?
a. Peleus and Thetis
b. Zeus and Hera
c. Pitithous and Hippodamia
d. Dionysius and Ariadne
- c. Pirithous and Hippodamia
- What brother of Cerberus, a two-headed dog, was the watch dog of Geryon's cattle?
- b. Orthys
- Considered second among the Greeks in strength, what warrior committed suicide when he lost the armor of Achilles to Odysseus?
- c. Ajax
- Who, along with her son Arcus, was transformed into a bear?
- c. Callisto
- What substance flowed through the veins of the gods?
c. the Milky Way
- d. ichor
- What river of Troy did Achilles choke with with the bodies of slain Trojans?
- c. Scamander
- Which of the following is NOT one of the three furies?
- b. Euryale
- In whose honor were the Isthmian Games at Corinth held?
- b. Poseidon
- What ill-fated son of Theseus was falsely accused by his stepmother and killed in a chariot accident?
d. Aegeus the second
- a. Hippolytus
- Who was warned to beware of a man wearing one sandal?
- a. Pelias
- What mighty wrestler gained power from contact with the Earth?
- c. Antaeus
- Scylla, once a beautiful nymph, was transformed into the horrible six-headed dog-monster by a jealous Circe. What minor sea-god loved Scylla but not Circe?
- b. Glaucus
- What was the name of the goat which nursed the infant Zeus?
- b. Amalthea
- Which was not a Centaur?
- b. Neleus
- Who was the Greek god of sleep?
- b. Hypnos
- Who betrayed Hermes' trust, when he was bribed by the day-old god not to disclose the thief of Apollo's cattle, but was then easily bribed into giving up this information to Hermes in disguise? For breakin ghis word he was turned into flint.
- a. Battus
- Over the affections of what son of Apollo and Deione did Minos, Rhadamanthyus, and Sarpedon compete?
- a. Miletus
- What river is chased by the Alpheus all the way from Greece to Sicily?
- a. Arethusa
- Who was seduced by Dionysus in the form of a bunch of grapes?
- a. Erigone
- What two Greek heroes teamed-up during the Trojan war to steal the Palladium, sack the camp of Rhesus, and to capture the Trojan spy Dolon?
a. Agamemnon and Menelaus
b. Odysseus and Diomedes
c. Achilles and Patroclus
d. Nestor and Aja
- b. Odysseus and Diomedes
- What Theban's daugters, because they refused to perform the rites of Dionysis and kept to themselves in the high tower of their father's castle, where turned into bats?
- c. Minyas
- Who was the helmsman of Aeneas, who died not when he fell over board but rather was attacked by wild natives after he had swum safely to land?
- b. Palinurus
- What bandit, defeated by Theseus, tied his victims between bent pine trees?
- d. Pityocamptes
- What twin giants were known as the Aloedae?
a. Castor and Pollux
b. Otus and Ephialtes
c. Pheres and Lycus
d. Zetes and Calais
- b. Otus and Ephialtes
- Who, in an attempt to save her marriage, unknowingly sent a poisoned cloak to her husband Heracles?
- d. Deianira
- What woman leaped upon her husband's funeral pyre, when she saw his body being cremated?
- a. Evadne
- What satyr assisted Hermes in recovery of the stolen sinews of Zeus? He also suggested that the gods change shapes to escape Typhoeus. He himself changed into a goat with the hind quarters of a fish and thus is commemorated in the constellation of Capric
- a. Aegipan
- On what mountain was Hermes born?
- b. Cyllene
- Who was the wife of Pandion, king of Athens and mother of Procne and Philomela?
- b. Zeuxippe
- Who was the first Greek to touch Trojan soil and thus the first to die?
- b. Protesileus
- What evil king of Seiphos sent Perseus on the "mission impossible" to slay Medusa?
- d. Polydectes
- Who was Iris's husband?
- b. Sephyrus
- What infant son of King Lycurgus, could never be left on the ground? When the child's nurse left him to show the Seven Against Thebes a spring, she placed him on a bed of parsley. When the group returned the child had been killed by a snake. They men int
- d. Opheltes
- Who gave birth to the beautiful immortal horses of Achilles?
- b. Podarge
- What slave girl did Agememnon take from Achilles?
- c. Briseis
- What son of Mezentius was killed by Aeneas?
- c. Daunus
- Who was the first wife of Priam? When he decided to marry Hecuba, Priam gave this woman to his ally Hyrtacus.
- b. Arisbe
- What son of Jason and Hypsipyle succeeded his mother on the throne of Lemnos and proved wine for the Greeks during the Trojan War?
- a. Euneus
- Who, while raiding Ithaca for food, killed Odysseus with a spear tipped with the poison of a stingray, not realizing that the aged king was his father?
- d. Telegonus
- With what tribe, whose name literally means "beyond the North wind", did Apollo supposedly spend much of his winter?
- b. Hyperboreans
- In whose court was Achilles disquised as a girl and hidden from a Trojan war?
- a. Lycomedes
- Which of the following was not given eternal sleep?
- a. Broteas
- What goddess, called silver-footed by Homer, was the mother of Achilles?
- d. Thetis
- Who was the mother of the centaur Chiron by Saturn?
- d. Philyra
- Which was not a musician?
- d. Borus
- Of what city was Tyndareos king?
- a. Sparta
- Who was the actual judge of the music contest between Pan and Apollo?
- d. Tmolus
- What girl, having fallen in love with Poseidon, tried to impregnate herself by splashing sea water in her lap?
- b. Iphimedia
- What constellation, called the serpent holder is said to be Phorbas, the man who freed Rhodes from snakes and other beasts?
- d. Ophiucus
- What animal created the spring of Hippocrene?
- a. Pegasus
- What river god, along with Sephissus and Asterion, judged a contest between Hera and Poseidon for the possession of Argolis? When the three rivers diced in favor of Hera, Poseidon dried them up.
- d. Inachus
- Who was the Greek goddess of the dawn?
- a. Eos
- What Greek spy persuaded the Trojans to take the horse inside the walls of the city?
a. Ajax the lesser
- b. Sinon
- Apart from just outside of Tryon, where could you find a Mt. Ida?
- d. Crete
- Often found in a drunken stupor, what Satyr-like companion of Dionysis was found by King Midas?
- c. Silenus
- Who was the brother of Byblis, with whom he fell in love and wandered everywhere in search of her brother until she was transformed into a spring?
- b. Anytus
- Which Olympian was called "the Earth-shaker" because of his connection with earthquakes?
- b. Poseidon
- Who was the chief herald of the Greeks at Troy, who even as a ghost protected the rights of heralds who had been killed while performing their duties?
- b. Talthibius
- What daughter of Zeus and Hera was the goddess of childbirth?
- b. Eleithyia
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